Safi, Morocco

ⴰⵙⴼⵉ / أسفي
View on the port and the coastline of Safi
Nickname(s): Asfi
Safi is located in Morocco
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 32°17′N 9°14′W / 32.283°N 9.233°W / 32.283; -9.233
Country Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco
Region Doukkala-Abda
Population (2004)
 – Total 282,227

Safi (Arabic: آسفي‎, Tifinagh ⴰⵙⴼⵉ) is a city in western Morocco on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital of the Doukkala-Abda Region, it has a population of 282,227 (2004 census),[1] but is also the centre of an agglomeration which has an estimated 793,000 inhabitants (1987). Safi is the main fishing port for the country's sardine industry, and also exports phosphates, textiles and ceramics. During the Second World War, Safi was one of the landing sites for Operation Torch.



The city's name is "Asfi" which was latinized as "Safi". "Asfi" means the flood in Berber and comes from the root "Sefi/Asefi" which means to flood, spill or pour in Berber.

11th-century geographer Al-Idrisi gave another explanation to the origin the name "Asfi" as he linked it to the Arabic word "Asaf" (regret); Asafi (my regret). He based this claim on a strange story about some sailors from al-Andalus who sailed to discover the other end of the Atlantic ocean but got lost and landed on some island where the natives captured them and sent them back on their ships blindfolded. The ships eventually ended on the shores of "Asfi" and locals helped the lost sailors and told them that they were two months away from their native land al-Andalus. Upon hearing this one of the sailors responded by saying: "Wa asafi" (Oh my regret). Al-Idrisi wrote that from that time the city carried the name "Asafi". This story is thought to be an imaginary legend and thus is an unlikely explanation to the origin of the name.[2]


Safi, under the name Safim (Zaffim or Asfi) is one of the oldest cities in Morocco, hence its foundation date is unknown. It might have been founded by the Carthaginians.

The city was under Portuguese rule 1488 and 1541, it is believed that they abandoned it to the Saadians (who were at war with the them) since it proved to be difficult to defend from land attacks. The Portuguese fortress built to protect the city is still there today.
After 1541, the city played a major role in Morocco as one of the safest and biggest sea ports in the country. Many ambassadors to the saadians and Alaouite kings druing the 16-18th centuries, came to Morocco via Asfi, its proximity to Marrakech then capital of Morocco helped expand the maritime trade in the city.
Louis De Chénier consul of the French court in Morocco in 1767, reported that the city was the only usable seaport at the time.

A French Navy captive Bidé de Maurville, who wrote the account of his stay in Morocco in his 1765 book Relations de l'affaire de Larache, reported the presence of an important number of foreign trading houses in the city : Dutch, Danish, British and French.

After the Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah built the city of Mogador, he banned foreign trade in all Moroccan Ports except in his newly built city. Consequently Asfi stopped playing a leading role in the Moroccan trade.

Safi's patron saint is Abu Mohammed Salih.


The central medina is a traditional Moroccan market. It is closely affiliated with pottery, and throughout the market vases, plates and other items are all made from clay and are popular with tourists. Safi has a beach, although it is recommended to travel north along the coastal road (Sidi Bouzid) towards Oualidia, where stretches of beaches run all the way along the route (Lalla Fatna, Beddouza, Iyir)


Football and rugby are popular sports in Asfi. The local football team Olympic Safi, are competing in Morocco's premier football division, Botola since 2004.
The Rugby Union team of the same name is one of Morocco's best, having won the "Coupe du Trône" several times.

Notable people from Safi

See also

  • People from Safi, Morocco



  1. ^ 2004 Morocco Population census
  2. ^ Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco Services Company, Saudi Aramco (1991). Aramco world , Volumes 42-43. Aramco. pp. 12. 

External links

Coordinates: 32°17′N 9°14′W / 32.283°N 9.233°W / 32.283; -9.233

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Safi — may refer to:*Safi, Burkina Faso *Safi, Morocco *Safi of Persia, the founder of the iranic Safavid dynasty of Persia *Safi, Malta, a local council on Malta *Safi (medicine), an Unani herbal medicine. *Safi, a Pashtun tribe descendant of Qais… …   Wikipedia

  • MOROCCO — MOROCCO, westernmost country in North Africa. The first arrival of Jews in Morocco goes back to antiquity. There are numerous legends which claim that they settled in the country before the destruction of the First Temple. From the fifth to the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAFI — SAFI, formerly Asfi, Atlantic seaport, provincial capital, and province, Tansift region, western morocco . It was originally settled by the Canaanites and absorbed such groups as the Carthaginians, who named the city Asfi, Romans, Jews who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Morocco–Netherlands relations — Morocco – Netherlands relations Netherlands …   Wikipedia

  • Safi — [sä fē′, saf′ē] seaport in W Morocco, on the Atlantic: pop. 198,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Morocco — Moroccan /meuh rok euhn/, adj., n. /meuh rok oh/, n. 1. French, Maroc. Spanish, Marruecos. a kingdom in NW Africa: formed from a sultanate that was divided into two protectorates (French Morocco and Spanish Morocco) and an international zone.… …   Universalium

  • Morocco — For other uses, see Morocco (disambiguation). Kingdom of Morocco المملكة المغربية (Arabic) ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⴰⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber) …   Wikipedia

  • Safi — /saf ee/, n. a seaport in W central Morocco, on the Atlantic Ocean coast. 129,100. Also, Saffi. * * * ▪ Morocco formerly  Asfi   Atlantic port city, western Morocco. Safi was in turn inhabited by Carthaginians (who named it Asfi), Romans, and… …   Universalium

  • Morocco — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Morocco <p></p> Background: <p></p> In 788, about a century after the Arab conquest of North Africa, a series of Moroccan Muslim dynasties began to rule in Morocco. In …   The World Factbook

  • Morocco–Portugal relations — Portugal Morocco relations Portugal …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.