Muhammad al Warraq

Muhammad al Warraq

Abu Issa Muhammad Ibn Harun al-Warraq (Arabic: الوراق‎) was a 9th Century skeptical scholar and critic of Islam. He was a mentor and friend of scholar Ibn al-Rawandi in whose work The Book of the Emerald he appears.[1] Some Muslim sources have described him as being a Muslim and others a Manichaean.

Views of Islam

Al-Warraq was skeptical of the existence of Allah because "He who orders his slave to do things that he knows him to be incapable of doing, then punishes him, is a fool." Warraq also doubted claims portraying Muhammad as a prophet:[1]

That Muhammad could predict certain events does not prove that he was a prophet: he may have been able to guess successfully, but this does not mean that he had real knowledge of the future. And certainly the fact that he was able to recount events from the past does not prove that he was a prophet, because he could have read about those events in the Bible and, if he was illiterate, he could still have had the Bible read to him.[1]

Al-Warraq challenged the notion that Islam was a revealed religion. He argued that if humans are capable of figuring out that, for instance, it is good to be forgiving, then a prophet is unnecessary, and that we should not heed the claims of self-appointed prophets if what is claimed is found to be contrary to good sense and reason. Warraq admired the intellect not for its capacity to submit to a god, but rather for its inquisitiveness towards the wonders of science. He explained that people developed the science of astronomy by gazing at the sky, and that no prophet was necessary to show them how to gaze. He also said that no prophets were needed to show them how to make flutes, either, or how to play them.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Doubt: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily Dickinson by Jennifer Michael Hecht, HarperOne, 2004 pg 224

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Quest for the Historical Muhammad (Ibn Warraq) — For other uses, see The Quest of the Historical Muhammad Quest for the Historical Muhammad , edited by Ibn Warraq, is an anthology of 15 studies examining the origins of Islam and the Qur an.The contributors listed in the Quest for the Historical …   Wikipedia

  • Warraq — (arabisch ‏وراق‎, DMG warrāq ‚Buchhändler‘) bezeichnet: Muhammad al Warraq, Islamkritiker aus dem 9. Jahrhundert Ibn Sayyar al Warraq, Autor des ältesten überlieferten arabischen Kochbuches Ibn an Nadim al Warraq, arabischer Bibliograph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Warraq — (ورّاق) is the Arabic word for stationer or papermaker . Meanings in traditional and Islamic contexts include scribe , publisher , printer , notary and book copier .Ibn Warraq is a pseudonym that has traditionally been adopted by dissident… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad (name) — For other uses, see Muhammad (disambiguation). Muhammad Pronunciation English: /moʊˈhæməd/, /moʊˈhɑːməd/, /muːˈhæməd/, /muːˈhɑːməd/, [1] /moʊˈh …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari — For other individuals bearing the same name, see Tabari (name). Muhammad ibn Jarir al Tabari Bal ami s 14th century Persian version of Universal History by Tabari Full name Muhammad ibn Jarir al Tabari …   Wikipedia

  • Ibn Warraq — (born 1946) is the pen name of a secularist author of Pakistani origin and founder of the Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society and a senior research fellow at the Center for Inquiry [The spectator 3 October 2007 The great Islamic… …   Wikipedia

  • The Quest of the Historical Muhammad — *The Quest of the Historical Muhammad (Peters), by Francis Edwards Peters *The Quest of the Historical Muhammad (Jeffery), by Arthur Jeffery *The Quest for the Historical Muhammad (Ibn Warraq), by Ibn Warraq …   Wikipedia

  • Abu'l-Faraj Muhammad bin Ishaq al-Warraq — Abū l Faradsch Muhammad ibn Abī Yaʿqūb ibn Ishāq an Nadīm al Warrāq (arabisch ‏أبو الفرج محمد بن أبي يعقوب ابن إسحاق النديم الوراق‎, DMG Abū ʾl Faraǧ Muḥammad b. Abī Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq an Nadīm al Warrāq), bekannter unter dem Namen Ibn an Nadīm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ibn Warraq — est le pseudonyme d un écrivain américain, qui serait né en 1946 dans un pays musulman (peut être le Pakistan). Son livre le plus connu, traduit en français, est Pourquoi je ne suis pas musulman. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Présentation 3 Pensée …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ibn Warraq — es el seudónimo de un exitoso y controvertido autor de libros sobre el Islam nacido en 1946 en el seno de una familia musulmana de Rajkot, India. Actualmente vive en Estados Unidos. Es una de las voces críticas con lo que considera la naturaleza… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.