The Athenaeum Club is a
gentlemen's clubstanding at 107 Pall Mall, London, England, at the corner of Waterloo Place.
It is noted for its large library, and for a bas-relief frieze decorating the club house exterior. It was long regarded as a clergymen's club and boasts
bishops, Cabinet Members, and peers amongst its members.
The club's facilities include a dining room, a smoking room and a suite of bedrooms. A notable feature of the Club's clock which hangs above the stairs is that it has two figure sevens and no figure eight, the reason for which is uncertain.
John Wilson Croker, Sir Thomas Lawrence, and some friends founded the club in 1824 for individuals known for scientific, literary or artistic accomplishments as well as patrons of these endeavours. Sir Thomas Lawrence designed the club crest: a head of Athenainside an oval surrounded by the legend "ATHENÆUM CLUB·PALL MALL".
The club house was designed in Neoclassical taste by
Decimus Burton. The main entrance and the front of the house on Waterloo Place has a Doric porticowith paired columns. There is a continuous balustrade on the piano nobile, the main floor above the ground floor, with an outstanding but costly frieze copied from the Parthenonabove. A statue of Pallas Atheneby Edward Hodges Bailystands above the porch. The original design was for two storeys; the third was added later. Croker directed the original work, resisting pressure from some members (in those pre-refrigeration days) that an ice-house be part of the scheme; hence the rhyme:
"I'm John Wilson Croker, I do as I please, instead of an Ice-House I give you a... Frieze!"
For many years The Athenaeum Club was widely seen to represent the peak of London's clubland for the public intellectual. Most members of the Athenaeum were men of inherited wealth and status, but, under Rule II, the club additionally admitted men "... of distinguished eminence in Science, Literature, or the Arts, or for Public Service" The admission of men who had gained their social position through intellectual influence and achievement rather than by title or money gave the club an unusual diversity of membership.
The membership of the Athenæum was originally limited to one thousand, and the waiting list was always long. The cost of the magnificent premises had resulted in a deficit of some £20,000 and 200
supernumerarymembers were elected in 1832 to restore the finances.
By 1838 the Club was again in straitened circumstances after undertaking expensive remedial action because of the damage caused by the gas lighting. (It was one of the earliest buildings to be lit by this means). To alleviate the situation, 160 supernumeraries were admitted to ordinary membership and an additional forty brought forward from the waiting list. These "forty thieves", as they became known, included
Charles Dickensand Charles Darwin. In 1886 the clubhouse was lit by electricity, a relative innovation for London buildings. (Source 'AIM 25 Archives in London and the M25 area http://www.aim25.ac.uk/)
In 1853, Charles Manby Smith noted the importance of the club - "... from having been wise enough to join the grocer's Plum-pudding Club, they shall end by becoming prosperous enough to join the Whittington Club, or the
Gresham Club, or the Athenaeum Club, or the Travellers' Club; or the House of Commons, or the House of Lordseither." [Smith, Charles Manby, "Curiosities of London Life, or Phases, Physiological and Social of the Great Metropolis" (1853) online at [http://www.victorianlondon.org/publications/curiosities-32.htm Victorian London - Publications - Social Investigation/Journalism - Curiosities of London Life, or Phases, Physiological and Social of the Great Metropolis, by Charles Manby Smith, 1853: UNFASHIONABLE CLUBS] (accessed 14 January 2008)]
In 2002 the members voted to admit women.
This is a small selection of the notable people who have belonged to the club:
*The Earl of Aberdeen
Augustine William Shelton Agar, naval hero
Andrew Geddes Baingeologist, road engineer, palaeontologist and explorer
Owen Barfield(1898-1997) philosopher, poet, etymologist, and solicitor
Louis Lucien Bonaparte, linguist
James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce(1838-1922), jurist, historian and politician
Sir Francis Burdett, 5th Baronet
John Duke Coleridge, 1st Baron Coleridge(1820-1894)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
T. S. Eliotpoet
Henry Hallamhistorian, Commissioner of Stamps (1826)
*Cardinal Basil Hume
Roy JenkinsChancellor of the Exchequer and Home Secretary
Walter de la Mare(1873-1956)
Lord Robert Montagu(1825-1902)
Roderick Impey Murchison(1792-1871), President of the Geological Societyand the Royal Geographical Society.
George Nugent-Grenville, 2nd Baron Nugent(1789-1850)
Harry St John Philbyarchaeologist and Arabist
Sir Walter Scottwriter
James Joseph Sylvester, Mathematician
William Makepeace Thackerayauthor
Rick Trainor, Principal of King's College London
Anthony Trollope, author
Sir Barnes Wallis, engineer (1887-1979)
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington(1769-1852)
*W. B. Yeats poet
*Phiz, "London at Dinner, or Where to Dine", (London: Robert Hardwick, 1858) ('Phiz' was a pseudonym of
Hablot Knight Browne)
*Frank Richard Cowell, "The Athenaeum: Club and Social Life in London, 1824-1974", (London: Heinemann, 1975) ISBN 0-435-32010-6
* [http://www.athenaeumclub.co.uk Official Website of the Athenaeum Club]
* [http://www.aim25.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search2?coll_id=7253&inst_id=87 Guide to the archives of the Athenaeum Club]
List of London's gentlemen's clubs
* [http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200102/ldhansrd/vo020522/text/20522-09.htm Interesting debate in the House of Lord's May 2002 re the Sex Discrimination Bill and women members of Clubs]
* [http://www.victorianweb.org/art/architecture/athenaeum/members.html List of prominent Victorian era members of the Athenaeum Club]
* [http://www.streetmap.co.uk/newmap.srf?x=529684&y=180320&z=0&sv=N51:30:25+W0:07:58&st=7&mapp=newmap.srf&searchp=newsearch.srf Map showing location of the club (streetmap.co.uk)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Athenaeum Club — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Athenaeum Club en 2006 … Wikipedia Español
Athenaeum Club — Der Athenaeum Club in südöstlicher Ansicht (2006) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Athenaeum — Athenaeum, also Athenæum or Atheneum, is used in the names of institutions or periodicals for literary, scientific, or artistic study. It may also be used in the names of educational institutions. The name is formed from the name of the classical … Wikipedia
Club — es una sociedad compuesta por un número variable de personas, libremente asociadas, que se reúne como grupo en función de su coincidencia en gustos, aficiones u opiniones de todo tipo: artísticos, literarios, políticos, filantrópicos, deportivos … Wikipedia Español
Athenaeum — Athenäum ist die Bezeichnung für ein antikes Bauwerk in Rom, siehe Athenäum (Bauwerk) ein Bauwerk in Bukarest, siehe Athenäum (Bukarest) einen britischen Club in London, siehe Athenaeum Club einen katalanischen Kulturverein, siehe Ateneu ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Athenaeum (Zeitschrift) — Athenäum ist die Bezeichnung für ein antikes Bauwerk in Rom, siehe Athenäum (Bauwerk) ein Bauwerk in Bukarest, siehe Athenäum (Bukarest) einen britischen Club in London, siehe Athenaeum Club einen katalanischen Kulturverein, siehe Ateneu ein… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Club de caballeros — Planta superior del conocido Reform Club en 1841 … Wikipedia Español
Athenaeum — or Atheneum [ath΄ə nē′əm] n. [LL Athenaeum < Gr Athēnaion] 1. the temple of Athena at Athens, where writers and scholars met 2. the Roman academy of law, literature, etc. founded by Hadrian 3. [a ] a literary or scientific club 4. [a ] any… … English World dictionary
Athenaeum — 1727, from Latinized form of Gk. Athenaion (the temple of) Athene, in ancient Athens, in which professors taught and actors or poets rehearsed. Meaning literary club room or reading room is from 1799; literary or scientific club is from 1864 … Etymology dictionary
Athenaeum at Caltech — The Athenaeum at Caltech is a private university club on the California Institute of Technology campus.Illustrious regulars at the Athenaeum Round Table have included David Baltimore,cite web |url= http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E… … Wikipedia