Encirclement Campaign against Hunan–Jiangxi Soviet
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Encirclement Campaign against
Chinese Civil War
place=border region of
Huan- Jiangxi provinces, China
January 29, 1930- March 24, 1930
commander1= Wang Jingyu 王金钰
The Encirclement Campaign against
Hunan- JiangxiSoviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Governmentthat was intended to destroy communist Hunan- Hubei- Sichuan- GuizhouSoviet and its Chinese Red Armyin the local region. It was responded by the Communists’ Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Hunan- JiangxiSoviet (zh-c|c=湘赣苏区反围剿), also called by the communists as the Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Hunan- JiangxiRevolutionary Base (zh-c|c=湘赣革命根据地反围剿), in which the local Chinese Red Armysuccessfully defended their soviet republic in the border region of Hunan- Jiangxi provinces against the Nationalist attacks from January 29, 1930to March 24, 1930.
In January, 1931, to support other communist forces in their struggles against the Encirclement Campaign against Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi Soviet, the communist Eastern
Hunan Chinese Red ArmyIndependent Division of the Hunan- JiangxiSoviet struck western Hunan, and also launched massive guerrilla warfare in southeastern Hunan. From January 29, 1931thru February 9, 1931, communist Eastern Hunan Chinese Red ArmyIndependent Division succeeded in taking regions including Ling (酃) County, the town of Zixingand the town of Yongxing (永兴), and three nationalist local security regiments guarding these towns and completely destroyed along with a regiment of the nationalist 57th Brigade sent to reinforce these regions.
In early February, 1931, the
Chinese Red Army7th Army was forced to abandon their bases in Guangxiand traveled northward to join other communist, and the communist forces of Hunan- JiangxiSoviet was tasked to link up with the Chinese Red Army7th Army so the communist Eastern Hunan Chinese Red ArmyIndependent Division returned to Lotus Flower (Lianhua, 莲花) county. Capitalizing on their victory, the communists expanded their force and the ( communist) Eastern Hunan Chinese Red ArmyIndependent Division was renamed as the ( communist) Southeastern HunanIndependent Division, with a new regiment, the 2nd Regiment established, and the division was consisted of a total of three regiments, totaling more than 1,500 troops. Order of battle
order of battle: (35,000 total):
*Ling (酃) County Security Regiment
*Yongxing (永兴) Security Regiment
*A regiment of the nationalist 57th BrigadeSecond Stage:
*5th Route Army commanded by Wang Jingyu (王金钰)
**28th Division commanded by Gong Bingpan (公秉藩)
**43rd Division commanded by Guo Huazong (郭华宗)
**47th Division commanded by Shangguan Yunxiang (上官云相)
**54th Division commanded by
**77th Division commanded by Luo Lin (罗霖)
order of battle(1,500 total):
Hunan Chinese Red ArmyIndependent Division
**2nd RegimentSecond Stage:
In March, 1931, nationalists were already in their mobilization for the planned
Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet. The nationalist 5th Route Army deployed was en route to Jiangxi Soviet, and was tasked to first destroy the Hunan- JiangxiSoviet on its way when the situation permitted. The nationalist 5th Route Army consequently begun their push toward Ji'an, Jishui (吉水), and Eternal Abundance (永丰) from Pingxiang, Jiangxiand Yichun, Jiangxi. The communist high command of the 1st Front Army of the Chinese Red Armyof Jiangxi Sovietordered the local communist force of the Hunan- JiangxiSoviet to launch a preemptive strike against the nationalist 5th Route Army in order to delay its deployment against the Jiangxi Soviet.
The communist Southeastern
HuanIndependent Division guarding the Hunan- JiangxiSoviet deployed its 1st Regiment and the 2nd Regiment to strike Pingxiang, Jiangxiand Yichun, Jiangxi, and its 3rd Regiment was ordered to southeastern Hunanto join up with the Chinese Red Army7th Army from Guangxi, which by then had reached the border region of Guangdongand Hunan provinces. The communist preemptive surprise attack had successfully disrupted and halted the nationalist encirclement campaign against the Hunan- Jiangxi, and also slowed the nationalist 5th Route Army in its deployment against the Jiangxi Soviet.
March 14, 1931, the 3rd Regiment of the communist Southeastern HuanIndependent Division successfully linked up with the vanguard of the Chinese Red Army7th Army in the region of Shiduwei (十都圩) in Bi (鄙) County and begun their return journey. On March 24, 1931, the communists ambushed and destroyed an entire regiment of the nationalist 19th Division, and this last battle of the encirclement campaign forced the nationalists to stop their offensives completely to withdraw and regroup. Meantime, the communists did the same by returning to Lotus Flower (Lianhua, 莲花) county. The communist Southeastern HunanIndependent Division and the 58th Regiment of the Chinese Red Army7th Army subsequently moved eastward to the region to the east of Eternal Sun (Yongyang, 永阳), and joined the 175th Regiment of the Chinese Red Army20th Army in the local region.
Although the nationalist 5th Route Army was ready later for another round of offensives after resting and regrouping, the nationalist high command had a different idea. After careful analysis, the nationalist high command deducted that its 5th Route Army was better deployed for the
Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Sovietinstead of for further encirclement campaign against Hunan- JiangxiSoviet, because if the main communist base, Jiangxi Sovietwas destroyed, the smaller Hunan- JiangxiSoviet would not last for long either. It was really not worth wasting the valuable troops to be tied down on smaller local communist bases so the nationalist 5th Route Army was ordered away to complete its deployment for its original purpose against their main target, Jiangxi Soviet, and the Hunan- JiangxiSoviet was left alone for the time being.
*List of battles of the Chinese Civil War
National Revolutionary Army
History of the People's Liberation Army
Chinese Civil War
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