lat_deg=38 | lat_min=19 | lat_sec=22
lon_deg=116 | lon_min=52 | lon_sec=51
caption=Cangzhou's location in China
Cangzhou (zh-stp |s=沧州 |t=滄州 |p=Cāngzhōu) is a prefecture-level
cityin Hebeiprovince, People's Republic of China. Cangzhou's urban center has a population of approximately 488,600 ( 2004), while the prefecture-level administrative region in total has a population of 6.8 million. It lies 180 km from Beijing, China's capital, and 90 km from the major port city of Tianjin.
Cangzhou City comprises2 districts for Cangzhou's city proper:
*Xinhua District (新华区)4
county-level citiesthat have relatively large urban areas:
Hejian(河间市)10 counties(mostly rural):
Cang County(沧县), which surrounds Cangzhou's urban center/city proper
*Yanshan County (盐山县)
Mengcun Hui Autonomous County(孟村回族自治县)
Cangzhou's urban center is a heavily industrial city but the city's administrative territory also includes strongly agricultural areas, and is renowned in China for its Chinese jujube
fruits and Ya pears (well-known by the export name of "Tianjin Ya Pear"). The North China Oil Field is within Cangzhou City's jurisdiction. Cangzhou also encompasses a large fishing portand the modern, coal- exporting Huanghua Harbour.
Geography and transportation
Cangzhou is located to the south of
Beijing, near the coast of the Bohai Seaof the Pacific Ocean. It lies on the Jinghu (Beijing- Shanghai) railway lineand the notional Jinghu Axis, a geographic and transportation corridor between Beijing and Shanghai to the south.
Shicang Expresswayconnects Cangzhou to Shijiazhuang, capitalof Hebei province, and from thence links by road to the Jingshi Expresswayleading to Beijing, part of the Jingzhu Expresswayconnecting all the way to southern China, Hong Kong, and Macau. Cangzhou's Huanghua Harbour is the end of a main Chinese coal shipping railway, the Shuohuang Line.
Major airports located closest to Cangzhou include
Beijing Capital Airportand Tianjin Airport.
Cangzhou's climate is mild to warm in the summer to cold in the winter, as in most of Hebei and
north China. In winter months, snowfall is common.
Cangzhou is reported to have been founded in the
Southern and Northern Dynastiesperiod ( 420- 589CE).
The city has historically been known in China for its wushu–or
martial arts–and acrobatics(specifically, the "Wu Qiao" school). Cangzhou is also famed for its historic thousand-year-old 40-ton sculpture, the Iron Lion of Cangzhou. The sculpture is reportedly the largest cast-iron sculpture in the world, cast in 953in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdomsperiod. The famed lion has even given its name to a locally-brewed beerand is a symbol of the city. [Wagner, Donald B. [http://www.staff.hum.ku.dk/dbwagner/CANGZHOU/CANGZHOU.html "The cast iron lion of Cangzhou"] , "Needham Research Institute newsletter", no. 10, June 1991, pp. 2-3.]
Cangzhou is home to a traditional Chinese form of
musical performing arts, Kuaiban Dagu.
The city's Hui residents have seven mosques. One of them, the West Mosque, has collected at its museum one of Chinas's best collections of Islamic manuscripts and artefacts. [ [http://www.chinaheritagequarterly.org/briefs.php?searchterm=005_cangzhou_museum.inc&issue=005 WEST MOSQUE MUSEUM, CANGZHOU, HEBEI PROVINCE] CHINA HERITAGE NEWSLETTER, No. 5, March 2006. (China Heritage Project, The Australian National University. ISSN 1833-8461).]
Demographics and society
Cangzhou, though predominated by the
Han Chinesemajority, is home to a sizable population of the MuslimHui minority. Intermarriageoccasionally occurs between the majority Han and the Hui, but stereotypes of Hui still exist among Cangzhou's Han residents, and some tensions remain. Migration to Hebei province and Cangzhou by XinjiangMuslim minorities (generally ethnic Uighurs) is increasing.
The dominant first language of Cangzhou's population is a variety of the northeastern Mandarin
dialect continuum(may be considered Ji Lu Mandarin), with some similarities with the Tianjin dialectof Mandarin. Cangzhou-area topolects are partially mutually intelligible with standard Mandarin. Dialects vary between localities, including among the many rural and urbanized areas, though are generally intelligible among each other.
The city, like all other Chinese administrative divisions, has a party committee, the People's government, the People's Congress, and the Political consultative conference.
Cangzhou is home to Cangzhou Airbase of the People's Liberation Army-Air Force
* [http://www.china-military.org/units/cangzhou.htm http://www.china-military.org/units/cangzhou.htm]
* [http://www.geocities.com/lioncangzhou/lionenl.htm Lions of Cangzhou] : a
Martial arts(wushu) school in Malle, Belgium
* [http://www.dy7cd.com/shownews.asp?NewsID=2013 Article about the Cangzhou Lion] (in Chinese)
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/3273585.stm "Chinese 'serial killer' arrested"] .
BBC World Service. 15 November, 2003. (Incident in Cangzhou)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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