Justicia carnea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Subfamily: Acanthoideae
Tribe: Justicieae
Genus: Justicia

See text.

Justicia procumbens var. simplex near Talakona forest, in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Justicia procumbens in Talakona forest, in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh, India.

Justicia is a genus of flowering plants in the bear's breeches family, Acanthaceae. The roughly 420 species it contains are native to tropical to warm temperate regions of the Americas, with two species occurring north into cooler temperate regions. Common names include water-willow and shrimp plant, the latter from the inflorescences, which resemble a shrimp in some species. The generic name honours Scottish horticulturist James Justice (1698-1763).[2]


Selected species

Justicia americana (American Water-willow), is native to eastern North America north to southern Ontario; it is the hardiest species in the genus, hardy to USDA Plant Zone 4. Justicia ovata (Looseflower Water-willow) occurs nearly as far north, reaching Michigan.

Justicia brandegeeana (formerly Beloperone guttata, commonly called Shrimp Plant) is native to Mexico. It is hardy to −4 °C but will often recover in the spring after freezing back in USDA Plant Zone 8a.

Justicia carnea (formerly Jacobinia carnea, common names including Brazilian Plume Flower, Flamingo Flower, and Jacobinia) is native to South America in southern Brazil, Paraguay and northern Argentina. It is hardy to −2 °C but will often recover in the spring after freezing back in USDA Plant Zone 8a.

Justicia procumbens is procumbent herb with angular stems, swollen at nodes, small ovate leaves, small purple flowers in terminal spikes, inserted didynamous stamens, and shortly bilobed stigmas.


Genera which have been brought into Synonymy with Justicia include Acelica, Adhatoda, Amphiscopia, Anisostachya, Aulojusticia, Averia, Beloperone, Calliaspidia, Calymmostachya, Chaetothylopsis, Chiloglossa, Cyphisia, Cyrtanthera, Cyrtantherella, Dianthera, Dimanisa, Drejerella, Duvernoia, Emularia, Ethesia, Glosarithys, Harnieria, Heinzelia, Hemichoriste, Heteraspidia, Ixtlania, Jacobinia, Kuestera, Libonia, Lophothecium, Lustrinia, Nicoteba, Orthotactus, Parajusticia, Petalanthera, Plagiacanthus, Plegmatolemma, Porphyrocoma, Psacadocalymma, Rhacodiscus, Rhiphidosperma, Rhyticalymma, Rodatia, Rostellaria, Rostellularia, Saglorithys, Salviacanthus, Sarotheca, Sericographis, Simonisia, Solenochasma, Stethoma, Tabascina, Thalestris, Thamnojusticia, and Tyloglossa.[4]



  1. ^ "Genus: Justicia L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01-23. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?6233. Retrieved 2010-05-26. 
  2. ^ Austin, Daniel F. (2004). Florida Ethnobotany. CRC Press. pp. 381. ISBN 9780849323324. http://books.google.com/books?id=eS7lX_rC3GEC. 
  3. ^ "Justicia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=34351. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  4. ^ Plant Systematics: Justicia

External links

Media related to Justicia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Justicia at Wikispecies

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Justicia — Justicia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • justicia — (Del lat. iustitĭa). 1. f. Una de las cuatro virtudes cardinales, que inclina a dar a cada uno lo que le corresponde o pertenece. 2. Derecho, razón, equidad. 3. Conjunto de todas las virtudes, por el que es bueno quien las tiene. 4. Aquello que… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • justicia — sustantivo femenino 1. (no contable) Virtud que consiste en dar a cada uno lo que le pertenece o corresponde: Para los cristianos la justicia es una de las virtudes cardinales. A ese gran poeta se le ha hecho justicia entregándole el premio que… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • justicia — ordinaria Ver: administrar justicia Ver: oír en justicia Ver: pedir en justicia …   Diccionario de Economía Alkona

  • justicia — ordinaria Ver: administrar justicia Ver: oír en justicia Ver: pedir en justicia …   Diccionario de Economía

  • justicia — [ʒystisja] n. f. ÉTYM. Attesté XXe; justicie, in Nouveau Larousse illustré, 1948; mot latin. ❖ ♦ Bot. Plante dicotylédone gamopétale proche de l acanthe, cultivée en serre comme ornementale; le genre Justicia comprend environ cent espèces,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Justicĭa [1] — Justicĭa (Justizia), ehemals im Königreich Aragonien der höchste unabhängige, nur den Ständen verantwortliche Richter, der selbst den König zur Verantwortung ziehen konnte, wenn er die Reichsgesetze verletzte, welche er vor diesem Richter knieend …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Justicĭa [2] — Justicĭa (J. L.), Pflanzengattung, nach einem schottischen Gärtner John Justice (der The scots gardeners director, Edinb. 1754, u. The british gardeners director, ebd. 1767 herausgab) benannt, aus der Familie der Acanthaceae Justicieae… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Justicĭa — (span.), ehedem der höchste Richter der Könige von Aragonien, vor welchem diese selbst den Schwur auf die Reichsgesetze zu leisten hatten. Derselbe konnte selbst den König zur Verantwortung ziehen, wenn er die Reichsgesetze verletzte …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Justicia — Justicia, in der alten aragon. Verfassung eine von den Ständen ernannte Behörde mit ausübender Gewalt, in Verfassungsangelegenheiten der oberste Richter, konnte im Nothfalle selbst gegen den König die bewaffnete Macht aufbieten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • justicia — Principio de tratamiento leal e igual para todos, con la debida recompensa y reconocimiento. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

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