- Quota sampling
In quota sampling, the population is first segmented into
mutually exclusivesub-groups, just as in stratified sampling. Then judgment is used to select the subjects or units from each segment based on a specified proportion. For example, an interviewer may be told to sample 200 females and 300 males between the age of 45 and 60.
It is this second step which makes the technique one of non-probability sampling. In quota sampling the selection of the sample is non-
randomunlike random sampling which can often be found unreliable. For example interviewers might be tempted to interview those people in the street who look most helpful, or may choose to use Accidental Samplingto question those which are closest to them, for time-keeping sake. The problem is that these samples may be biasedbecause not everyone gets a chance of selection. This non-random element is its greatest weakness and quota versus probability has been a matter of controversy for many years.
Quota sampling is useful when time is limited, sampling frame is not available, research budget is very tight or when detailed accuracy is not important. you can also choose how many of each category is selected.
A quota sample is a convenience sample with an effort made to insure a certain distribution of demographic variables.Subjects are recruited as they arrive and the researcher will assign them to demographic groups based on variables like age and gender. When the quota for a given demographic group is filled, the researcher will stop recruiting subjects from that particular group.
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