William Henry White
name = William Henry White
nationality = English
2 February 1845
death_date = Death date and age|1913|2|27|1845|2|2
Royal School of Naval Architecture
discipline = Civil, Marine,
Institution of Civil Engineers(president),
Institution of Mechanical Engineers(president),
Institution of Marine Engineers (president),
significant_projects = Royal Sovereign class, King Edward VII class,
HMY Victoria and Albert III, RMS Mauretania,
Sir William Henry White (
2 February 1845– 27 February 1913) was a prolific British warshipdesigner and Chief Constructor at the Admiralty.
He was born in
Plymouthand became an apprentice at the naval dockyard there in 1859. In 1863 he obtained a scholarship to enter the newly formed Royal School of Naval Architecturein South Kensington, in London. After his apprenticeship he worked for the Admiralty on specifications and calculations for new ships, and became secretary to the then Chief Constructor of the Admiralty, Edward Reed, until the latter's resignation on 9 July 1870.
He was then appointed instructor on naval design at the Royal School of Naval Architecture, and in 1872 became secretary of the Council of Construction which oversaw all Royal Navy ship construction. From 1872–1873 he worked at Pembroke and Portsmouth Dockyards.
In March 1875 he was promoted to Assistant Constructor and married later in that year. He also published his "A Manual of Naval Architecture. For the use of Officers of the Royal Navy, Shipbuilders". He resigned from the Admiralty in April 1883 and joined Sir
William Armstrong's company as designer and manager of their warship construction. He returned to the Admiralty as Director of Naval Constructionand Assistant Controller of the Navy on 1 August 1885. He was immediately involved in a reorganisation of the dockyards and technical departments, and later worked on the design of the revolutionary "Royal Sovereign" class battleships. He was knighted in 1895.
He suffered a nervous breakdown in 1901 following criticism in Parliament for the near-capsizing of the Royal Yacht, the "Victoria and Albert", which had happened when she was floated out of the
graving dockwhere she was being fitted out on 3 July 1900. The cause was around 700 tons of excessive weight above the centre of gravityof the ship, in particular a large amount of cementsound-proofing around the Royal apartments. Consequently, the metacentric heightwas reduced from a stable 2 feet to a very unsafe 3 inches. Although exonerated from direct responsibility, the Admiralty blamed him for "not sufficiently impressing upon your subordinates the novelty and importance of the task entrusted to them". He submitted his last design for a battleship in April 1901, the "King Edward VII" class but he was ill and constantly worried about trivial matters, unable to delegate even the most minor decision. He requested early retirement and left the Admiralty on 31 January 1902.
In the 16 years that he was head of naval construction, he bore ultimate responsibility for the design of 43
battleships, 26 armoured cruisers, 102 protected cruisers and 74 unarmoured warships, a total of 245 ships worth (in 1900) £80 million.
Following his retirement, he was a consulting architect in the design of the
Cunardliner RMS "Mauretania" and president of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institution of Marine Engineers. He was also Chairman of the Council, Royal Society of Arts from 1909–1910 and governor of Imperial College from 1907 until his death from a stroke in 1913.
* [http://www.plymouthdata.info/PP-WhiteSirW.htm A potted biography of Sir William White]
* "A Century of Naval Construction", D.K. Brown, Conway Maritime Press 1983, ISBN 0-85177-282-X
s-start s-npo|pro s-bef|before=
John Clarke Hawkshaws-ttl|title=President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
years=November 1903 – November 1904 s-aft|after=
Guilford Lindsey Molesworthend
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
William Henry White — Sir William Henry White (* 2. Februar 1845 in Plymouth, Devon; † 27. Februar 1913 in London) war ein britischer Ingenieur und Chefkonstrukteur der Royal Navy. White wurde in Plymouth geboren und begann 1859 eine Ausbildung in der dortigen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Henry White (politician) — William Henry White (born: August 21, 1865 City View, Canada West died: June 11, 1930) was a farmer and a federal politician from northern Alberta, Canada. External links* [http://www2.parl.gc.ca/Parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=fd82d687… … Wikipedia
William Allen White — (* 10. Februar 1868 in Emporia, Kansas; † 31. Januar 1944 ebendort) war ein US amerikanischer Journalist, Politiker und Schriftsteller. Er wurde 1923 mit dem Pulitzer Preis ausgezeichnet … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Allen White — Infobox Person name = William Allen White image size = 180px caption = William Allen White birth date = February 10, 1868 birth place = Emporia, Kansas, United States death date = January 31, 1944 death place = Emporia, Kansas education = College … Wikipedia
William Hale-White — Sir William Hale White (1857 1949), was a distinguished British physician and medical biographer. He was the son of writer Mark Rutherford. During the First World War he was a colonel in the RAMC and was created KBE in 1919 [… … Wikipedia
William Henry Conley — Born 11 June 1840 Pittsbur … Wikipedia
William Henry Harvey — (February 5, 1811 ndash;May 15, 1866) was an Irish botanist who specialised in algae. He was one of the most distinguished students of marine algae of all time. Biography William Henry Harvey was born at Summerville near Limerick, Ireland, in… … Wikipedia
Henry White (diplomat) — Henry White (March 29, 1850 – July 15, 1927) was a prominent U.S. diplomat during the 1890s and 1900s, and one of the signers of the Treaty of Versailles.Theodore Roosevelt, who was president during the peak of White s career, described White as… … Wikipedia
William Henry Blackmore — was an English lawyer who gained a fortune by exploiting a large social network as an investment promoter of Spanish Mexican Land Grants in New Mexico and Colorado between 1863 and 1878 . He used his fortune for philanthropy, primarily centred on … Wikipedia
William Henry Francis Petre, 11th Baron Petre — William Henry Francis, 11th Baron Petre (22 January, 1793 – 3 July, 1850) was the first Baron Petre to take his seat in the House of Lords after the passing of the Catholic Relief Act 1829.Family He was a son of Robert Edward Petre, 10th Baron… … Wikipedia