Saracen, an archaic name for Muslims used by the British), also known as "Indo-Gothic", was a style of architectureused by British architects in the late 19th century in India. It drew elements from native Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revivalstyle favoured in Victorian Britain.
When the British first came to
India, they considered themselves the legitimate rulers of India rather than its conquerors, so they sought to justify their presence by relating themselves to the previous rulers, the Mughals. By doing this they kept elements of British and European architecture, while adding Indian characteristics; this, coupled with the British allowing some regional Indian princes to stay in power, made their presence more 'palatable' for the Indians. The British tried to encapsulate India's past within their own buildings and so represent Britain’s Raj as legitimately Indian, while at the same time constructing a modern India of railways, colleges, and law courts.
As mentioned before, it is fundamentally British with Indian characteristics including
* onion (bulbous) domes
* overhanging eaves
* pointed arches, cusped arches, or scalloped arches
* vaulted roofs
* domed kiosks
* many miniature domes
* domed chhatris
towers or minarets
* harem windows
* open pavilions or pavilions with Bangala roofs
* pierced open arcading The chief proponents of this style of architecture were
Robert Fellowes Chisholm, Charles Mant, Henry Irwin, William Emerson, George Wittetand Frederick Stevens.
Buildings built in this style were usually grand public buildings such as
clock towers, courthouses, civic and municipal buildings, government colleges, town halls, railway stations, museums and art galleries.
In the United Kingdom
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Architecture of Chennai — The Ripon Building, Chennai, an example of the Indo Saracenic architectural style found in the city. Chennai architecture is a confluence of many architectural styles. From ancient Dravidian temples built by the Pallavas, to the Indo Saracenic… … Wikipedia
Chennai architecture — is a confluence of many architectural styles. From ancient Dravidian temples built by the Pallavas, to the Indo Saracenic style (pioneered in Madras) of the colonial era, to 20th century steel and chrome of skyscrapers. Chennai has a colonial… … Wikipedia
Mayo College — Badge Motto Let ther … Wikipedia
Karachi — This article is about the city of Karachi. For other uses, see Karachi (disambiguation). Karachi کراچی (Urdu) ڪراچي (Sindhi) … Wikipedia
Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda — The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda Motto Satyam Shivam Sundaram Established 1949 Type Public … Wikipedia
Kuala Lumpur Railway Station — Infobox Station name=Kuala Lumpur type=KTM Komuter regional rail station image size=300 image caption=A view of Kuala Lumpur Railway Station, as seen towards the southeast. address= Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin , Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.… … Wikipedia
Bihari culture — The culture of Bihar, an eastern state of India, includes aspects such as literature, cuisine, performing and visual arts, and festivals. Contents 1 Language 2 Literature 3 Performing arts 3.1 Music … Wikipedia
Mumbai — Bombay redirects here. For other uses, see Bombay (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Kingdom of Mysore — Kingdom of Mysore/Princely State of Mysore Kingdom (Subordinate to Vijayanagara Empire until 1565). Princely state under the suzerainty of the British Crown after 1799 … Wikipedia
History of India — This article is about the history of the Indian subcontinent prior to the partition of India in 1947. For the modern Republic of India, see History of the Republic of India. For Pakistan and Bangladesh, see History of Pakistan and History of… … Wikipedia