Saco, Maine

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Saco, Maine
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =




imagesize =
image_caption = Main Street


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of city of Saco in Maine


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Maine
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = York
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Roland L. Michaud
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1762

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 101.9
area_land_km2 = 99.7
area_water_km2 = 2.3
area_total_sq_mi = 39.3
area_land_sq_mi = 38.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 16822
population_density_km2 = 168.8
population_density_sq_mi = 437.2

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 20
elevation_ft = 66
latd = 43 |latm = 30 |lats = 38 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 26 |longs = 42 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 04072
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-64675
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0574646
website = www.sacomaine.org
footnotes =

Saco is a city in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 16,822 at the 2000 census. It is home to Ferry Beach State Park, Funtown Splashtown USA, Thornton Academy, as well as General Dynamics Armament Systems (also known by its former name, Saco Defense), a subsidiary of the defense contractor General Dynamics. Saco has two growing business parks and another one under development. Saco sees much tourism during summer months, due to its amusement parks, Ferry Beach State Park, and proximity to Old Orchard Beach.

In the past two years Saco has taken steps to make the city more environmentally friendly. In early 2007 a wind turbine was erected near the water treatment plant at the foot of Front street. Another wind turbine was erected on the top of York Hill in December 2007 to generate power for the new train station for Amtrak's "Downeaster." This is part of the project to restore Factory Island, including the renovation of several abandoned mills that have fallen into disrepair, and the erection of new townhouses and a marina.

Saco is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. Saco's twin-city is Biddeford.

History

This was territory of the Sokoki tribe of Abenaki Indians, whose fortified village was located up the Saco River at Pequawket (now Fryeburg). The township was granted in 1630 by the Plymouth Company to Thomas Lewis and Richard Bonython, and extended 4 miles along the sea, by 8 miles inland. Settled in 1631 as part of Winter Harbor (as Biddeford Pool was first known), it then included Biddeford. It would be reorganized in 1653 by the Massachusetts General Court as Saco.

The settlement was attacked by Indians in 1675 during King Philip's War. Settlers moved to the mouth of the river, and the houses and mills they left behind were burned. Saco lay in contested territory between New England and New France, which recruited the Indians as allies. In 1689 during King William's War, it was again attacked, with some residents taken captive. Hostilities intensified from 1702 until 1709, then ceased in 1713 with the Treaty of Portsmouth. The community was rebuilt and in 1718 incorporated as Biddeford. Peace would not last, however, and the town was again attacked in 1723 during Dummer's War, when it contained 14 garrisons. But in 1724, a Massachusetts militia destroyed Norridgewock, an Abenaki stronghold on the Kennebec River organizing raids on English settlements. The region became less dangerous, especially after the French defeat in 1745 at the Battle of Louisburg. The French and Indian Wars finally ended with the 1763 Treaty of Paris. In 1762, the northeastern bank of Biddeford separated as Pepperrellborough, named for Sir William Pepperrell, hero of the Battle of Louisburg and late proprietor of the town. But inhabitants found the name cumbersome, so in 1805 it was renamed Saco. It would be incorporated as a city in 1867. Saco became a center for lumbering, with log drives down the river from Little Falls Plantation (now Dayton, Lyman, Hollis and part of Limington). At Saco Falls, the timber was cut by 17 sawmills. In 1827, the community produced 21,000,000 feet of sawn lumber, some of which was used for shipbuilding.

On Factory Island, the Saco Iron Works began operation in 1811. The Saco Manufacturing Company established a cotton mill in 1826, and a canal was dug through rock to provide water power. The mill burned in 1830, but was replaced in 1831 by the York Manufacturing Company. With the arrival of the Portland, Saco and Portsmouth Railroad in 1842, Factory Island developed into a major textile manufacturing center, with extensive brick mills dominating the Saco and Biddeford waterfronts. Other businesses included foundries, belting and harnessmaking, and machine shops. But the New England textile industry faded in the 20th-century, and the York Manufacturing Company would close in 1958. The prosperous mill town era, however, left behind much fine architecture in the Georgian, Federal, Greek Revival and Victorian styles. Many buildings are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Notable residents

* Henry A. Barrows, actor
* Samuel Brannan, businessman & pioneer
* Catie Curtis, singer-songwriter
* Richard Cutts, congressman
* Arthur P. Fairfield, naval officer
* John Fairfield, governor & senator
* George Lincoln Goodale, botanist
* Cyrus King, congressman
* Edith Nourse Rogers, congresswoman
* John Fairfield Scammon, congressman
* Ether Shepley, senator & jurist
* George F. Shepley, general
* John Wingate Thornton, lawyer, historian & author

Culture and Arts

ites of interest

* MacDonald's Mineral Museum
* [http://www.sacomuseum.org/about-museum.shtml Saco Museum, the York Institute]
* Funtown Splashtown USA
* Ferry Beach State Park
* Aquaboggan (water park)
* Downtown Historical District [ [http://www.sacomaine.org/community/history/downtown.shtml] Saco, Maine website]
* Camp Ellis (fishing port)
* There are approximately 100 acres of parks [ [http://www.sacomaine.org/departments/cityplanner/0712profile.pdf] Saco Website, Economic Development, retrieved September, 2008]
* Laurel Hill Cemetery
* Saco Heath Preserve

Other Events

* Sidewalk Arts Festival
* Mary's Walk (a walk for cancer)
* Saco Bay Criterium (bike race)
* Pumpkin Festival
* Greek Heritage Festival

Education

List of Schools

* Fairfield School (K-2)
* Young School (K-2)
* C.K. Burns School (3-5)
* [http://http://www.saco.org/Union7/Schools/SMS/SMS.html Saco Middle School] (6-8)
* Thornton Academy(9-12)
* Notre Dame de Lourdes School (K-8)
* Saco Transition Program (6-12)

Higher Education

Saco is about 4 miles from the University of New England in Biddeford, Maine, 15 miles from the University of Southern Maine in Gorham, Maine and Portland, Maine, and 17 miles from York County Community College in Wells, Maine.

Geography

Saco is located at coor dms|43|30|38|N|70|26|42|W|city (43.510425, -70.444920)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.3 square miles (101.9 km²), of which, 38.5 square miles (99.7 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (2.21%) is water. Situated beside Saco Bay on the Gulf of Maine, Saco is drained by the Saco River.

Saco borders Biddeford, Dayton, Maine, and Old Orchard Beach.

Terrain

Saco contains a wide variety of landforms, including beaches, fields, forests, bogs, and urban areas.

Demographics

USCensusPop
title= Historical Population
1790= 1350
1800= 1842
1810= 2492
1820= 2532
1830= 3219
1840= 4408
1850= 5798
1860= 6223
1870= 5755
1880= 6389
1890= 6075
1900= 6122
1910= 6583
1920= 6817
1930= 7233
1940= 8631
1950= 10324
1960= 10515
1970= 11678
1980= 12921
1990= 15181
2000= 16822
estimate= 18214
estyear= 2007
footnote= sources: [ [http://www.library.umaine.edu/census/default.htm] , retrieved September, 2008.]

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 16,822 people, 6,801 households, and 4,590 families residing in the city. The population density was 437.2 people per square mile (168.8/km²). There were 7,424 housing units at an average density of 193.0/sq mi (74.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.91% White, 0.32% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 6,801 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,105, and the median income for a family was $52,724. Males had a median income of $35,446 versus $25,585 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,444. About 7.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

The Saco (Amtrak station) provides transportation between Portland, Maine and Boston, Massachusetts via train [ [http://www.amtrakdowneaster.com/index.php] Downeaster, retrieved August, 2008] .Saco is accessible from Interstate-95 (I-95), U.S. Route 1, and Interstate 195 (Maine). There are also taxis that serve the Tri-City Area (Saco, Biddeford, Old Orchard Beach).The Portland International Jetport, located in Portland, Maine, is about 14 miles from Saco. The ShuttleBus [ [http://www.shuttlebus-zoom.com/] Shuttle Bus Service, retrieved September, 2008] and Zoom Bus [ [http://www.shuttlebus-zoom.com/] Zoom Bus Service, retrieved September, 2008] provide local transportation.

ee also

*Thornton Academy

Notes

External links

* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/saco-me.htm History of Saco, Maine]
* [http://www.sacomaine.org/ City of Saco, Maine]
* [http://www.state.me.us/cgi-bin/doc/parks/find_one_name.pl?park_id=8 Ferry Beach State Park]
* [http://www.sacobaytrails.org/historicdistrict.shtml Saco Historic District]
* [http://www.city-data.com/city/Saco-Maine.html City-Data Profile]
* [http://www.idcide.com/citydata/me/saco.htm IDcide Profile]
* [http://www.biddefordsacochamber.org/ Biddeford Saco Chamber of Commerce]


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