official_name = Saco, Maine
image_caption = Main Street
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of city of Saco in Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = York
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Roland L. Michaud
established_title = Incorporated
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 101.9
area_land_km2 = 99.7
area_water_km2 = 2.3
area_total_sq_mi = 39.3
area_land_sq_mi = 38.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 16822
population_density_km2 = 168.8
population_density_sq_mi = 437.2
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 20
elevation_ft = 66
latd = 43 |latm = 30 |lats = 38 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 26 |longs = 42 |longEW = W
Saco is a city in York County,
Maine, United States. The population was 16,822 at the 2000 census. It is home to Ferry Beach State Park, Funtown Splashtown USA, Thornton Academy, as well as General Dynamics Armament Systems(also known by its former name, Saco Defense), a subsidiary of the defense contractor General Dynamics. Saco has two growing business parks and another one under development. Saco sees much tourism during summer months, due to its amusement parks, Ferry Beach State Park, and proximity to Old Orchard Beach.
In the past two years Saco has taken steps to make the city more environmentally friendly. In early 2007 a wind turbine was erected near the water treatment plant at the foot of Front street. Another wind turbine was erected on the top of York Hill in December 2007 to generate power for the new train station for Amtrak's "
Downeaster." This is part of the project to restore Factory Island, including the renovation of several abandoned mills that have fallen into disrepair, and the erection of new townhouses and a marina.
This was territory of the Sokoki tribe of
AbenakiIndians, whose fortified village was located up the Saco Riverat Pequawket (now Fryeburg). The township was granted in 1630 by the Plymouth Companyto Thomas Lewis and Richard Bonython, and extended 4 miles along the sea, by 8 miles inland. Settled in 1631 as part of Winter Harbor (as Biddeford Poolwas first known), it then included Biddeford. It would be reorganized in 1653 by the Massachusetts General Courtas Saco.
The settlement was attacked by Indians in 1675 during
King Philip's War. Settlers moved to the mouth of the river, and the houses and mills they left behind were burned. Saco lay in contested territory between New Englandand New France, which recruited the Indians as allies. In 1689 during King William's War, it was again attacked, with some residents taken captive. Hostilities intensified from 1702 until 1709, then ceased in 1713 with the Treaty of Portsmouth. The community was rebuilt and in 1718 incorporated as Biddeford. Peace would not last, however, and the town was again attacked in 1723 during Dummer's War, when it contained 14 garrisons. But in 1724, a Massachusetts militiadestroyed Norridgewock, an Abenaki stronghold on the Kennebec Riverorganizing raids on English settlements. The region became less dangerous, especially after the French defeat in 1745 at the Battle of Louisburg. The French and Indian Warsfinally ended with the 1763 Treaty of Paris. In 1762, the northeastern bank of Biddeford separated as Pepperrellborough, named for Sir William Pepperrell, hero of the Battle of Louisburg and late proprietor of the town. But inhabitants found the name cumbersome, so in 1805 it was renamed Saco. It would be incorporated as a city in 1867. Saco became a center for lumbering, with log drives down the river from Little Falls Plantation (now Dayton, Lyman, Hollis and part of Limington). At Saco Falls, the timber was cut by 17 sawmills. In 1827, the community produced 21,000,000 feet of sawn lumber, some of which was used for shipbuilding.
On Factory Island, the Saco Iron Works began operation in 1811. The Saco Manufacturing Company established a
cottonmill in 1826, and a canalwas dug through rock to provide water power. The mill burned in 1830, but was replaced in 1831 by the York Manufacturing Company. With the arrival of the Portland, Saco and Portsmouth Railroad in 1842, Factory Island developed into a major textilemanufacturing center, with extensive brick mills dominating the Saco and Biddeford waterfronts. Other businesses included foundries, belting and harnessmaking, and machine shops. But the New England textile industry faded in the 20th-century, and the York Manufacturing Company would close in 1958. The prosperous mill townera, however, left behind much fine architecturein the Georgian, Federal, Greek Revivaland Victorian styles. Many buildings are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Henry A. Barrows, actor
Samuel Brannan, businessman & pioneer
Catie Curtis, singer-songwriter
Richard Cutts, congressman
Arthur P. Fairfield, naval officer
John Fairfield, governor & senator
George Lincoln Goodale, botanist
Cyrus King, congressman
Edith Nourse Rogers, congresswoman
John Fairfield Scammon, congressman
Ether Shepley, senator & jurist
George F. Shepley, general
John Wingate Thornton, lawyer, historian & author
Culture and Arts
ites of interest
* MacDonald's Mineral Museum
* [http://www.sacomuseum.org/about-museum.shtml Saco Museum, the York Institute]
Funtown Splashtown USA
Ferry Beach State Park
* Downtown Historical District [ [http://www.sacomaine.org/community/history/downtown.shtml] Saco, Maine website]
* Camp Ellis (fishing port)
* There are approximately 100 acres of parks [ [http://www.sacomaine.org/departments/cityplanner/0712profile.pdf] Saco Website, Economic Development, retrieved September, 2008]
* Laurel Hill Cemetery
* Saco Heath Preserve
* Sidewalk Arts Festival
* Mary's Walk (a walk for cancer)
* Saco Bay Criterium (bike race)
* Pumpkin Festival
* Greek Heritage Festival
List of Schools
* Fairfield School (K-2)
* Young School (K-2)
* C.K. Burns School (3-5)
* [http://http://www.saco.org/Union7/Schools/SMS/SMS.html Saco Middle School] (6-8)
* Notre Dame de Lourdes School (K-8)
* Saco Transition Program (6-12)
Saco is about 4 miles from the
University of New Englandin Biddeford, Maine, 15 miles from the University of Southern Mainein Gorham, Maineand Portland, Maine, and 17 miles from York County Community Collegein Wells, Maine.
Saco is located at coor dms|43|30|38|N|70|26|42|W|city (43.510425, -70.444920)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.3 square miles (101.9 km²), of which, 38.5 square miles (99.7 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (2.21%) is water. Situated beside Saco Bay on the Gulf of Maine, Saco is drained by the Saco River.
Biddeford, Dayton, Maine, and Old Orchard Beach.
Saco contains a wide variety of landforms, including beaches, fields, forests, bogs, and urban areas.
title= Historical Population
footnote= sources: [ [http://www.library.umaine.edu/census/default.htm] , retrieved September, 2008.]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 16,822 people, 6,801 households, and 4,590 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 437.2 people per square mile (168.8/km²). There were 7,424 housing units at an average density of 193.0/sq mi (74.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.91% White, 0.32% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.
There were 6,801 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,105, and the median income for a family was $52,724. Males had a median income of $35,446 versus $25,585 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $20,444. About 7.1% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.
Saco (Amtrak station)provides transportation between Portland, Maineand Boston, Massachusettsvia train[ [http://www.amtrakdowneaster.com/index.php] Downeaster, retrieved August, 2008] .Saco is accessible from Interstate-95( I-95), U.S. Route 1, and Interstate 195 (Maine). There are also taxis that serve the Tri-City Area ( Saco, Biddeford, Old Orchard Beach).The Portland International Jetport, located in Portland, Maine, is about 14 miles from Saco. The ShuttleBus[ [http://www.shuttlebus-zoom.com/] Shuttle Bus Service, retrieved September, 2008] and Zoom Bus[ [http://www.shuttlebus-zoom.com/] Zoom Bus Service, retrieved September, 2008] provide local transportation.
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/saco-me.htm History of Saco, Maine]
* [http://www.sacomaine.org/ City of Saco, Maine]
* [http://www.state.me.us/cgi-bin/doc/parks/find_one_name.pl?park_id=8 Ferry Beach State Park]
* [http://www.sacobaytrails.org/historicdistrict.shtml Saco Historic District]
* [http://www.city-data.com/city/Saco-Maine.html City-Data Profile]
* [http://www.idcide.com/citydata/me/saco.htm IDcide Profile]
* [http://www.biddefordsacochamber.org/ Biddeford Saco Chamber of Commerce]
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