Buxton, Maine

Buxton, Maine

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Buxton, Maine
settlement_type = Town
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize =
map_caption =

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Maine
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = York
government_footnotes =
government_type = Board of Selectmen
leader_title = 1st Selectman
leader_name = Daniel Collomy
leader_title1 = Selectmen
leader_name1 = Carol Sanborn
Clifford Emery
Jean Harmon
Robert Libby
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1772

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 106.7
area_land_km2 = 104.9
area_water_km2 = 1.8
area_total_sq_mi = 41.2
area_land_sq_mi = 40.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 7452
population_density_km2 = 71.1
population_density_sq_mi = 184.0

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 55
elevation_ft = 180
latd = 43 |latm = 38 |lats = 7 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 32 |longs = 21 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 04093
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-09410
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0582380
website = http://www.buxton.me.us/
footnotes =

Buxton is a town in York County, Maine, USA. It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 7,452. Buxton includes the villages of Salmon Falls, Chicopee, Groveville, Bar Mills, West Buxton and Buxton Center.


The township was granted by the Massachusetts General Court as Narragansett Number 1 in 1728. It was assigned to Philemon Dane of Ipswich, Massachusetts and 119 other veterans (or their heirs) who had fought in King Philip's War against the Narragansett Indians in 1675. Settlement was attempted in the early 1740s but abandoned because of the ongoing French and Indian Wars. The first permanent settlement commenced in fall of 1750 near Salmon Falls, which was within protection of the stockaded blockhouse and trading post built in 1728 a half mile below Union Falls in present-day Dayton. The first schoolhouse was established in 1761 by Rev. Silas Moody. Narragansett Number 1 was incorporated in 1772 as Buxton, named by its minister, Rev. Paul Coffin, for his former town of Buxton in Norfolk, England.

Settlers found the land generally level and suited for farming. Chief crops were corn, potatoes and hay. Buxton also provided excellent water power sites. The first sawmill was on the Little River, a tributary of the Presumpscot River. A gristmill called Bog Mill was built at the outlet of Bonny Eagle Pond. The biggest mills, however, were located at the series of falls on the Saco River. Salmon Falls had sawmills capable of turning out 4 million feet of lumber annually. Bar Mills had gristmills and a box mill. Moderation Falls in West Buxton had sawmills, heading mills and woolen textile mills which produced about 936,000 yards of cloth annually. Buxton's mill town prosperity left behind fine architecture. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places are Elden's Store, the First Congregational Church, Royal Brewster House and Salmon Falls (East) Historic District.

Notable residents

* John Brewster Jr., artist
* Mark H. Dunnell, congressman
* Alanson M. Kimball, congressman
* Gibeon Bradbury, painter
* Julia Spencer-Fleming, author
* Robert A. Yarumian II, professional land surveyor


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.2 square miles (106.7 km²), of which, 40.5 square miles (104.9 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km²) of it is water. The total area is 1.70% water. Buxton is drained by Little River and the Saco River. Bonny Eagle Pond is a convert|211|acre|km2|sing=on body of water located in the northern part of the town.

Buxton borders the towns of Gorham to the northeast, Scarborough and Saco to the southeast, Dayton to the south, Hollis to the west and Standish to the northwest.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 7,452 people, 2,804 households, and 2,094 families residing in the town. The population density was 184.0 people per square mile (71.1/km²). There were 2,930 housing units at an average density of 72.4/sq mi (27.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.83% White, 0.42% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

There were 2,804 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,958, and the median income for a family was $52,845. Males had a median income of $35,628 versus $27,400 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,179. About 3.2% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 16.5% of those age 65 or over.

ites of interest

* [http://users.adelphia.net/~bhhistsoc/ Buxton-Hollis Historical Society & Museum]
* Tory Hill Meeting House (1822)


External links

* [http://www.buxton.me.us/Pages/index Town of Buxton, Maine]
* [http://www.buxton.me.us/Pages/BuxtonME_WebDocs/Berry Berry Library]
* [http://www.westbuxtonpubliclibrary.org/ West Buxton Public Library]
* [http://www.dorcassocietymaine.org/ Dorcas Society of Hollis & Buxton, Maine]
* [http://www.maine.gov/local/york/buxton Buxton at Maine.gov]
* [http://www.city-data.com/city/Buxton-Maine.html City Data Profile]
* [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=2059 Epodunk Town Profile]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/buxton-me.htm History of Buxton, Maine (1886)]

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