Robert Puleston was a brother-in-law and supporter of
Owain Glyndŵr, at the time of his rebellion against King Henry IV of Englandin the early 1400s and afterwards.
He was from a well established Welsh Marcher family [ [http://www.robertsewell.ca/puleston.html Puleston and Horne ] ] . Pulestons had settled during the reign of King Henry III in
Newport, Shropshireinitially, in Pilston village and manor, from where they derive their surname.
A Sir Roger de Puleston (died 1294) established himself at Emral in
Maelor Saesneg, and was appointed the first Sheriff of Angleseyby King Edward I of Englandin 1293. His first task there was to impose the new English taxes (one fifteenth of all moveables) that unsurprisingly led to the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn, at the height of which the Welsh mob seized the Sheriff and hanged him following a raid on Caernarvon borough.
Another Puleston, Richard de Puleston, was at this time King Edward's Sheriff in
Caernarvonshireand had been appointed the same date as Sir Roger, so is very likely to have been a close relation, probably a brother.
Robert Puleston was son of Richard Puleston. He was a witness in the
Scrope v. Grosvenor Trialat Chesterin 1386, alongside another witness Owain Glyndŵr.
This trial was to settle a dispute between
Sir Richard le Scropeof Boltonand Sir Robert Grosvenorof Hulmeconcerning ownership of a coat of arms. During King Richard II's military campaign in Scotlandin 1385 three knights had borne the same coat of arms. Also involved was Carminow of Cornwall.
The Court was presided over by the
Duke of Gloucesteras Constable of Englandwho also adjudicated on the eveidence presented by each party and their many witnesses. The trial was to run for five years.
Glyndŵr gave evidence on behalf of Grosvenor saying he had seen Grosvenor bear the arms and that in the counties of
Flintshire, Chesterand Denbighshirethey were accepted as being his rightfully. Glyndŵr's younger brother Tudur also testified to this, as did Puleston. However, eventually Scrope won.
Puleston later took part in Glyndŵr's rebellion and his extensive lands in the county of
Chester, in Shropshireand Flintshirewere declared forfeit before 1401. However as part of the programme of Royal Pardons meted out by the new King Henry Vhe received his old lands back, restored to him after the rebellion had petered out around 1415.
Marriage and issue
Robert Puleston married Owain Glyndŵr's younger sister, Lowry. They had a son called John Puleston, whose will was proved in 1444. He married Angharad, a daughter of Griffith Hanmer, of the same family as Owain Glyndŵr's wife,
Margaret Hanmer. Angharad was a granddaughter of Gronw ap Tudorof Anglesey. Another son, Roger Puleston (died 1469), who was a staunch ally of Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembrokeholding Denbigh Castleas Deputy Constable to Jasper Tudor in 1460 and 1461.
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