- Bowdoinham, Maine
official_name = Bowdoinham, Maine
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = Cathance River
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Sagadahoc
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1762
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 101.4
area_land_km2 = 89.1
area_water_km2 = 12.3
area_total_sq_mi = 39.1
area_land_sq_mi = 34.4
area_water_sq_mi = 4.7
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 2612
population_density_km2 = 29.3
population_density_sq_mi = 75.9
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 35
elevation_ft = 115
latd = 44 |latm = 1 |lats = 23 |latNS = N
longd = 69 |longm = 53 |longs = 1 |longEW = W
Bowdoinham is a town in Sagadahoc County,
Maine, United States. The population was 2,612 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area. Bowdoinham is located on the west side of Merrymeeting Bay.
Fort Richmond was built upriver in 1719, protecting the area and encouraging English settlement. About 1720, the mouth of the Cathance River was first settled by Captain Gyles Watkins. But during
Dummer's War, in the summer of 1723 all buildings in the region were burned and cattlekilled by the Norridgewocks and their 250 Indian allies from New France. The Kennebec Riverregion was abandoned. When the Governor William Dummer's Treaty of 1725 brought peace, it was resettled about 1730 by Abraham and Jonas Preble from York.
Litigation from two conflicting claims, however, slowed the town's development. On
July 3, 1637, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the Lord Proprietor of Maine, had granted this part of New Somersetshireto Sir Richard Edgcumbe of Mount Edgcumbe House, situated at Cremyllin Cornwall, England. But the Kennebec Company conveyed it in 1752 to William Bowdoin of Boston, older brother of James Bowdoin. The contested ownership went to court, whereupon Bowdoin won because Edgcumbe's grant was found obsolete and indefinite. On September 18, 1762, the Massachusetts General Courtincorporated the town as Bowdoinham, named in honor of William Bowdoin. It originally included Richmond, set off in 1823, and portions of Topsham and the Plantation of West Bowdoinham, set off in 1788 as Bowdoin.
apples, wheat, hayand potatoes. They also raised sheep. Shipbuildingwas an important early industry which faded over time, with the first vessel launched in 1768, and the last of any size in 1912. By 1886, the town had 3 sawmills, a gristmill, plastermill, 2 clothingfactories, a cheesefactory and about a dozen icecompanies. It also produced boots and shoes, tinware, carriages and harness. Once a site of wharves to ship lumberand other goods, Cathance Landing became the town's business center called Bowdoinham Village.
Robert Browne Hall, music composer
Ebenezer Herrick, congressman
Frank Sandford, religious leader
Bryce Muir, artist
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.1 square miles (101.4 km²), of which, 34.4 square miles (89.1 km²) of it is land and 4.7 square miles (12.3 km²) of it (12.11%) is water. Situated beside Merrymeeting Bay, Bowdoinham is drained by the Cathance River, Abagadasset River, Muddy River and Kennebec River.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 2,612 people, 1,027 households, and 752 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 75.9 people per square mile (29.3/km²). There were 1,107 housing units at an average density of 32.2/sq mi (12.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.70% White, 0.38% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, and 0.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 1,027 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $44,779, and the median income for a family was $52,372. Males had a median income of $33,322 versus $28,810 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $21,118. About 10.0% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
Public schools in the area are operated by
Maine School Administrative District 75
ite of interest
* Bowdoinham Wildlife Management Area
* Merrymeeting Bay
* The Sands
* Mailly Waterfront Park
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/bowdoinham-me.htm History of Bowdoinham, Maine (1886)]
* A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, "A History and Description of New England", 1858; H. O. Houghton & Company; Cambridge, Massachusetts
* [http://www.link75.org/bhm/bhmhis/home.html History of Bowdoinham, Maine]
* [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mesagada/bowdoinham.htm Brief Description and History of Bowdoinham, Maine]
* [ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/me/kennebec/kennebecvalley/shwhitney/kv44-58.txt Kennebec Valley -- Sagadahoc County]
* [http://www.bowdoinham.com/ Town of Bowdoinham, Maine]
* [http://www.bowdoinham.lib.me.us/ Bowdoinham Public Library]
* [http://maine.gov/local/sagadahoc/bowdoinham/ Maine.gov -- Bowdoinham, Maine]
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