Old Town, Maine


Old Town, Maine
Old Town, Maine
—  City  —
Main Street

Seal
Location of Old Town, Maine
Coordinates: 44°56′35″N 68°40′35″W / 44.94306°N 68.67639°W / 44.94306; -68.67639Coordinates: 44°56′35″N 68°40′35″W / 44.94306°N 68.67639°W / 44.94306; -68.67639
Country United States
State Maine
County Penobscot
Settled 1774
Incorporated (town) March 16, 1840
Incorporated (city) March 30, 1891
Area
 – Total 42.7 sq mi (110.5 km2)
 – Land 38.3 sq mi (99.2 km2)
 – Water 4.4 sq mi (11.3 km2)
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 7,840
 – Density 204.7/sq mi (79.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04468
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-55225
GNIS feature ID 0572733
Website www.old-town.org

Old Town is a city in Penobscot County, Maine, United States. The population was 7,840 at the 2010 census. The city's developed area is chiefly located on a relatively large island, though its boundaries extend beyond that. The island is surrounded and defined by the Penobscot River to the east, and the Stillwater River to the west.

Contents

History

Abenaki Indians called it Pannawambskek, meaning "where the ledges spread out." The French established a mission here in the 1680s. Later the area was settled by English pioneers in 1774. The name Old Town derives from Indian Old Town, which was the English name for the largest Penobscot Indian village, now known as Indian Island.

Located in Old Town via bridge, the reservation is the current and historical home of the Penobscot Nation.[1]

In 1840, when the present city was set off from neighboring Orono (named for a Penobscot sachem), it was given the name Old Town because it contained the Penobscot village. Over time, the Penobscot village ceased to be called Old Town and the name migrated to the much newer American settlement across the river.[2]

Old Town may be best known for Old Town Canoe Co., a major manufacturer of canoes and kayaks, which has been based in Old Town for over 100 years. Its location along a series of drops in the Penobscot River, near the head of tide just downstream in Bangor, made it an ideal location in the 1800s for sawing lumber from the millions of board feet of spruce and pine logs floated annually down the Penobscot.[3]

Many of the residents work for the University of Maine in Orono and Eastern Maine Medical Center in Bangor, the two largest employers in the area. Old Town is home to a former Georgia-Pacific paper mill, which is being redeveloped for adaptive reuse.

The city of Old Town includes Treat-Webster Island, a.k.a French Island, a predominantly residential neighborhood located on a small island in the middle of the Penobscot River. French Island is the intermediate land mass between Milford and Old Town; it is connected on either side by a bridge.

Geography

Old Town is located at 44°56′35″N 68°40′35″W / 44.94306°N 68.67639°W / 44.94306; -68.67639 (44.943047, -68.676461).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.7 square miles (111 km2), of which, 38.3 square miles (99 km2) of it is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) of it (10.24%) is water. With its business district located on an island, Old Town is drained by the Stillwater River and Penobscot River.

The city is crossed by Interstate 95, U. S. Route 2 and 2A, and state routes 16, 43 and 116. It borders the towns of Orono to the south, Glenburn to the west, Hudson to the northwest, Alton and Argyle Township to the north, and (separated by water) is near Milford east, and Bradley to the southeast.

Demographics

Center Street

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 8,130 people, 3,426 households, and 1,993 families residing in the city. The population density was 212.3 people per square mile (82.0/km²). There were 3,686 housing units at an average density of 96.3 per square mile (37.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.62% White, 0.65% African American, 1.48% Native American, 1.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 3,426 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.83.

Pushaw Lake

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 18.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,886, and the median income for a family was $40,589. Males had a median income of $32,961 versus $23,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,100. About 11.8% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Located on Stillwater Avenue is the Old Town High School. The school enrolls students from over four neighboring towns such as Milford, Alton, Bradley and Greenbush among others. The school recently changed its mascot from the Old Town Indians to the Old Town Coyotes. The schools colors are green and white.

Historic buildings

Listed in the National Register of Historic Places:

  • St. Anne's Church and Mission Site,[6] located on Indian Island
  • St. James Episcopal Church,[7] designed by Boston-based English architect Henry Vaughn
  • Edith Marion Patch House (known as Braeside)
  • US Post Office-Old Town Main,[8] designed by Oscar Wenderoth

Site of interest

Notable people

Penobscot office on Indian Island

Squanto Wilson, Major League baseball player

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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