- Sweden, Maine
official_name = Sweden, Maine
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Oxford
established_title = Incorporated
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 76.9
area_land_km2 = 74.5
area_water_km2 = 2.4
area_total_sq_mi = 29.7
area_land_sq_mi = 28.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 324
population_density_km2 = 4.4
population_density_sq_mi = 11.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 202
elevation_ft = 663
latd = 44 |latm = 7 |lats = 54 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 48 |longs = 34 |longEW = W
Sweden is a town in Oxford County,
Maine, United States. The population was 324 at the 2000 census. Sweden includes the village of East Sweden. Set among hills, forests and ponds, the town is a recreational area popular with huntingand fishingenthusiasts.
This was once territory of the Sokokis Indians, an
Abenakitribe whose main village was at Pequawket (now Fryeburg). Pequawket was attacked during Dummer's Waron May 8, 1725by Captain John Lovewell and his company of soldiers. Lovewell was killed in the battle, after which the tribe fled to Canadafor safety. Called New Suncook Plantation, it was granted by the Massachusetts General Courtin 1774 to the officers and soldiers (or heirs) for their services to the state. In 1800, the town was incorporated as Lovell after Captain Lovewell.
The southeast portion of Lovell (which would become Sweden) was first settled in 1794 by Colonel Samuel Nevers from
Burlington, Massachusetts. He was followed in 1795-1796 by Benjamin Webber from Bedford, Jacob Stevens from Rowley, Andrew Woodbury and Micah Trull from Tewksbury, and Peter Holden from Malden. On the plan which accompanied the petition for incorporation of the southeast portion, it was labeled Southland. It was set off as Sweden on February 26, 1813. The surface of the town is somewhat broken, but had good soil for farming, particularly the cultivationof grains. Other industries included a sawmillthat produced short and long lumber, in addition to shooks. The town also had a carriagefactory.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.7 square miles (76.9 km²), of which, 28.8 square miles (74.5 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²) of it (3.13%) is water. It is drained by Plummer Brook and the Kezar River.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 324 people, 132 households, and 97 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 11.3 people per square mile (4.4/km²). There were 266 housing units at an average density of 9.3/sq mi (3.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.77% White, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.31% of the population.
There were 132 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.79.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,781, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $24,375 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $14,991. About 12.9% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 35.0% of those age 65 or over.
ite of interest
* Sweden Historical Society & Museum
* [http://maine.gov/local/oxford/sweden/ Maine.gov -- Sweden, Maine]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/sweden-me.htm History of Sweden, Maine (1886)]
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