- Peru, Maine
official_name = Peru, Maine
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = Bird's-eye View
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Oxford
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1821
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 123.8
area_land_km2 = 121.5
area_water_km2 = 2.3
area_total_sq_mi = 47.8
area_land_sq_mi = 46.9
area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1515
population_density_km2 = 12.5
population_density_sq_mi = 32.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 246
elevation_ft = 807
latd = 44 |latm = 29 |lats = 41 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 26 |longs = 14 |longEW = W
It was granted by the
Massachusetts General Courtto several residents from Falmouth, Maine. The first grantee to settle would be Merrill Knight in 1793. Organized in 1812 as Plantation Number 1 (also Thompsontown), it was incorporated on February 5, 1821as the 240th town in Maine. Peru was named in the spirit of liberty and solidarity for Peru, the South American country which declared independence from Spainon July 28, 1821.
soilfree from stones, farmingwas an early industry. The chief crop was hay, and raising sheepbecame a common occupation. In addition, there were 5 sawmills which manufactured long and short lumber, as well as specialty products like wooden bowls. In 1870, the population was 931.
Formerly possessing an independent public school department, Peru joined Maine School Administrative District 21 in 2006.
Samuel Thurston, first delegate from Oregon Territory
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.8 square miles (123.8 km²). 46.9 square miles (121.5 km²) of it is leand and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²) of it (1.88%) is water. Peru is drained by the Androscoggin River. Worthley Pond, 3 miles long by half a mile wide, is in the southern part of the town.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,515 people, 585 households, and 436 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 32.3 people per square mile (12.5/km²). There were 849 housing units at an average density of 18.1/sq mi (7.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.27% White, 0.33% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population.
There were 585 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,083, and the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $32,171 versus $23,214 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $16,383. About 3.4% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
* [http://www.perumaine.net/ Town of Peru, Maine]
* [http://www.oxfordcounty.org/peru.htm Oxford County Online -- Town of Peru]
* [http://www.worthleypond.org/ Worthley Pond Association]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/peru-me.htm History of Peru, Maine (1886)]
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