- Hiram, Maine
official_name = Hiram, Maine
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Oxford
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1814
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 100.6
area_land_km2 = 97.2
area_water_km2 = 3.4
area_total_sq_mi = 38.8
area_land_sq_mi = 37.5
area_water_sq_mi = 1.3
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1423
population_density_km2 = 14.6
population_density_sq_mi = 37.9
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 251
elevation_ft = 823
latd = 43 |latm = 52 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 50 |longs = 2 |longEW = W
Hiram is a town in Oxford County,
Maine, United States. The population was 1,423 at the 2000 census. It includes the villages of Hiram, East Hiram, South Hiram and Durgintown. Hiram is part of the Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, Maine metropolitan New England City and Town Area.
First known as Great Ossipee after the river, it was settled in 1774 by Benjamin Ingalls. It was organized as Hiram Plantation, named after
Hiram I, the biblical king of Tyre.cite book |last= Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums |editor=Doris A. Isaacson |title=Maine: A Guide 'Down East' |year=1970 |publisher=Courier-Gazette, Inc. |location=Rockland, Me | pages = 411 ] Like King Hiram's domain, Hiram Plantation was set among forests. It was incorporated as a district on February 27, 1807, and as the town of Hiram on June 14, 1814. It annexed land from Baldwin in 1821 and 1844, then from Brownfield in 1852.
The soil was sandy loam, which yielded
hayas a principal crop. Manufacturing timberbecame an important industry. Hiram had 5 sawmills and planing mills, producing short and long lumber, barrel staves and shooks. It also had 2 gristmills and a cardingmill. Other products included men's clothing, harness and slateblackboards. Hiram was a junction where the Bridgton and Saco River Railroadmet the Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad.
Peleg Wadsworth, general and town founder
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.8 square miles (100.6 km²), of which, 37.5 square miles (97.2 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it (3.35%) is water. Hiram is drained by the Ossipee Riverand Saco River.
The town is crossed by state routes 5, 113, 117 and 160. It is bordered by the towns of Brownfield and Denmark to the north, Porter to the west, Sebago and Baldwin to the east, and Cornish and Parsonsfield to the south.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,423 people, 534 households, and 388 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 37.9 people per square mile (14.6/km²). There were 769 housing units at an average density of 20.5/sq mi (7.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.61% White, 0.07% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.
There were 534 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,167, and the median income for a family was $36,964. Males had a median income of $27,784 versus $22,500 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $16,293. About 12.0% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.8% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/hiram-me.htm History of Hiram, Maine (1886)]
* [http://maine.gov/local/oxford/hiram/ Maine.gov -- Hiram, Maine]
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