Canton, Maine


Canton, Maine

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Canton, Maine
settlement_type = Town
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
image_caption = Lake Anasagunticook


image_

|pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =left
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
pushpin_mapsize =

|mapsize =
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Maine
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Oxford
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1821

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 78.4
area_land_km2 = 75.0
area_water_km2 = 3.4
area_total_sq_mi = 30.3
area_land_sq_mi = 28.9
area_water_sq_mi = 1.3

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 1121
population_density_km2 = 15.0
population_density_sq_mi = 38.7

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 122
elevation_ft = 400
latd = 44 |latm = 27 |lats = 26 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 18 |longs = 15 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 04221
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-10005
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0582386
website =
footnotes =

Canton is a town in Oxford County, Maine, United States. The population was 1,121 at the 2000 census. Located beside Lake Anasagunticook, Canton is a summer recreational area.

History

Canton Point was the site of Rockameko, the headquarters of the Anasagunticook (or Androscoggin) Abenaki Indians. It is said the tribe had convert|500|acre|km2 cleared to raise corn, but in 1757 they were wiped out by smallpox. The land became part of a grant the Massachusetts General Court awarded to Captain Joseph Phipps and 63 other soldiers for their services during the French and Indian War. Called Phipps-Canada, it would be incorporated in 1795 as Jay in honor of John Jay, the first chief justice of the U. S. Supreme Court. On February 5, 1821, Canton was set off from Jay and incorporated, named after Canton, Massachusetts.

Settlement began in the early 1790s when William Livermore, William French, Joseph Coolidge and Alexander Shepherd arrived. Others followed, principally from Massachusetts. The surface of the town is uneven in the outskirts, but smooth and level at Canton Point, where the soil was considered unsurpassed in the state for agriculture. The outlet of Lake Anasagunticook provided water power for industry, and Gustavus Hayford settled here in 1814. In addition to a log cabin, he built a sawmill and gristmill. First called Hayford Mills, it would be renamed Canton Mills, and now Canton. In the 19th-century, it had a machine shop to manufacture farm implements, a tinware factory and an iron foundry. It remains the business center. The railroad passed through the town in the late 1850s, carrying freight but also tourists. The community developed as a resort area for camps.

In December 2005 the town began a project to relocate the town center and about 60 homes on the floodplains surrounding the Androscoggin River due to frequent spring flooding. Proposals have been floated to replace the vacated lots with parkland or nature trails.

Notable residents

* Cornelius Holland, congressman
* John P. Swasey, congressman

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.4 km²), of which, 28.9 square miles (75.0 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it (4.36%) is water. Situated beside Lake Anasagunticook, Canton is drained by Whitney Brook and the Androscoggin River.

The town is crossed by state routes 108 and 140. It borders the towns of Jay to the northeast, Hartford to the south, Peru to the west, and Dixfield to the northwest.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,121 people, 400 households, and 273 families residing in the town. The population density was 38.7 people per square mile (15.0/km²). There were 476 housing units at an average density of 16.4/sq mi (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.11% White, 0.09% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.54% Asian, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 400 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $32,625, and the median income for a family was $40,469. Males had a median income of $31,607 versus $21,094 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,065. About 14.0% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over.

ite of interest

* Canton Historical Society

References

Further reading

* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/canton-me.htm History of Canton, Maine (1886)]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/canton.htm Historical Sketch of Canton, Maine (1889)]
* [http://home.gwi.net/~bry/ Canton, Maine Genealogy Project]
* A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, "A History and Description of New England", 1859; H. O. Houghton & Company; Cambridge, Massachusetts

External links

* [http://www.cantonmaine.com/ Town of Canton, Maine]
* [http://maine.gov/local/oxford/canton/ Maine.gov -- Canton, Maine]


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