- Canton, Maine
official_name = Canton, Maine
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = Lake Anasagunticook
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Oxford
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1821
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 78.4
area_land_km2 = 75.0
area_water_km2 = 3.4
area_total_sq_mi = 30.3
area_land_sq_mi = 28.9
area_water_sq_mi = 1.3
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 1121
population_density_km2 = 15.0
population_density_sq_mi = 38.7
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 122
elevation_ft = 400
latd = 44 |latm = 27 |lats = 26 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 18 |longs = 15 |longEW = W
Canton is a town in Oxford County,
Maine, United States. The population was 1,121 at the 2000 census. Located beside Lake Anasagunticook, Canton is a summer recreational area.
Canton Point was the site of Rockameko, the headquarters of the Anasagunticook (or Androscoggin)
AbenakiIndians. It is said the tribe had convert|500|acre|km2 cleared to raise corn, but in 1757 they were wiped out by smallpox. The land became part of a grant the Massachusetts General Courtawarded to Captain Joseph Phipps and 63 other soldiers for their services during the French and Indian War. Called Phipps-Canada, it would be incorporated in 1795 as Jay in honor of John Jay, the first chief justice of the U. S. Supreme Court. On February 5, 1821, Canton was set off from Jay and incorporated, named after Canton, Massachusetts.
Settlement began in the early 1790s when William Livermore, William French, Joseph Coolidge and Alexander Shepherd arrived. Others followed, principally from
Massachusetts. The surface of the town is uneven in the outskirts, but smooth and level at Canton Point, where the soil was considered unsurpassed in the state for agriculture. The outlet of Lake Anasagunticook provided water powerfor industry, and Gustavus Hayford settled here in 1814. In addition to a log cabin, he built a sawmilland gristmill. First called Hayford Mills, it would be renamed Canton Mills, and now Canton. In the 19th-century, it had a machine shopto manufacture farm implements, a tinwarefactory and an iron foundry. It remains the business center. The railroad passed through the town in the late 1850s, carrying freight but also tourists. The community developed as a resort area for camps.
In December 2005 the town began a project to relocate the town center and about 60 homes on the
floodplains surrounding the Androscoggin Riverdue to frequent spring flooding. Proposals have been floated to replace the vacated lots with parkland or nature trails.
* Cornelius Holland, congressman
John P. Swasey, congressman
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.4 km²), of which, 28.9 square miles (75.0 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²) of it (4.36%) is water. Situated beside Lake Anasagunticook, Canton is drained by Whitney Brook and the Androscoggin River.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,121 people, 400 households, and 273 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 38.7 people per square mile (15.0/km²). There were 476 housing units at an average density of 16.4/sq mi (6.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.11% White, 0.09% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.54% Asian, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.
There were 400 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $32,625, and the median income for a family was $40,469. Males had a median income of $31,607 versus $21,094 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $14,065. About 14.0% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 22.5% of those age 65 or over.
ite of interest
* Canton Historical Society
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/canton-me.htm History of Canton, Maine (1886)]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/canton.htm Historical Sketch of Canton, Maine (1889)]
* [http://home.gwi.net/~bry/ Canton, Maine Genealogy Project]
* A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, "A History and Description of New England", 1859; H. O. Houghton & Company; Cambridge, Massachusetts
* [http://www.cantonmaine.com/ Town of Canton, Maine]
* [http://maine.gov/local/oxford/canton/ Maine.gov -- Canton, Maine]
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