Jay, Maine

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Jay, Maine
settlement_type = Town
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption = Androscoggin River



pushpin_label_position =left
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
pushpin_mapsize =

|mapsize =
map_caption =

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Maine
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Franklin
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1795

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 127.5
area_land_km2 = 125.5
area_water_km2 = 2.0
area_total_sq_mi = 49.2
area_land_sq_mi = 48.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.8

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 4985
population_density_km2 = 39.7
population_density_sq_mi = 102.9

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 199
elevation_ft = 653
latd = 44 |latm = 30 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 13 |longs = 10 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 04239, 04262
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-35625
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0582534
website =
footnotes =

Jay is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States. The population was 4,985 at the 2000 census. Jay, which includes the village of Chisholm, is the regional commercial center.


This was once territory of the Anasagunticook (or Androscoggin) Abenaki Indians, whose main village was Rockameko, located on Canton Point. They were wiped out by smallpox in 1757. The township was then granted by the Massachusetts General Court to Captain Joseph Phipps and 63 others for their services in the French and Indian War. Called Phipps-Canada, the plantation was not settled until after the Revolutionary War. On February 26, 1795, Phipps-Canada was incorporated as Jay for John Jay, the first chief justice of the Supreme Court. In 1821, Canton was set off and incorporated as a town.

Farmers found the soil to be loamy and productive, yielding great quantitites of hay, corn, wheat, potatoes, oats and apples. In 1793, a tavern was constructed at Jay Hill. On the Androscoggin River near Jay Hill was erected a toll bridge, then in 1839 a sawmill. At North Jay was built a sawmill, brickyard and granite quarry. White granite from the North Jay Granite Company, established in 1884, would be used to construct numerous important buildings throughout the country, including Grant's Tomb. East Jay had a sawmill, and Bean's Corner a carriage factory. In 1857, the railroad reached town.

Jay had a population of 1,490 in 1870. The following years would see papermaking develop into the town's predominant industry. In 1888, industrialist Hugh J. Chisholm built at southern Jay the Otis Falls Pulp & Paper Company mill, then the 3rd largest paper mill in the country. Nearby developed the mill town village of Chisholm. In 1898, it became one of the founding mills of International Paper. Sold in 1978, the Otis Falls mill now belongs to Wausau Paper. In 1965, International Paper opened the Androscoggin Mill. It is an integrated pulp and finished paper goods plant employing 990 people operating 5 paper machines. In 1987, it was site of the International Paper strike.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.2 square miles (127.5 km²), of which, 48.5 square miles (125.5 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (1.58%) is water. Jay is drained by Seven Mile Stream and the Androscoggin River.

The town is crossed by state routes 4, 17, 133, 140 and 156. It is bounded by the towns of Wilton to the north, Chesterville to the east, Livermore and Livermore Falls to the south, and Canton and Dixfield to the west.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,985 people, 2,019 households, and 1,449 families residing in the town. The population density was 102.9 people per square mile (39.7/km²). There were 2,155 housing units at an average density of 44.5/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.91% White, 0.26% African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.48% of the population.

There were 2,019 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,746, and the median income for a family was $43,365. Males had a median income of $35,405 versus $20,897 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,123. About 8.7% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.


Jay has the only independent school department in Franklin County, and provides full public education K-12 (some independent school districts in Maine only cover K-8).


* Jay is governed by a town meeting and board of selectmen.

ites of interest

* [http://www.jay-maine.org/historical-society.html Holmes-Crafts Homestead -- Jay Historical Society]
* Jay Hill Antique Auto Museum


Further reading

* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/jay-me.htm History of Jay, Maine (1886)]
* A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, "A History and Description of New England", 1859; H. O. Houghton & Company, Cambridge, Massachusetts
* [http://www.pulpandpaper.org/history_of_papermaking.shtml Maine Pulp & Paper: A Brief History of Papermaking in Maine]
* [http://abacus.bates.edu/acad/depts/environ/projects/AndroscogginTimeline.html Androscoggin Timeline]

External links

* [http://www.jay-maine.org/ Town of Jay, Maine]
* [http://www.jay-maine.org/library.html Jay-Niles Library]
* [http://maine.gov/local/franklin/jay/ Maine.gov -- Jay, Maine]
* [http://www.versopaper.com/about/ViewMillLocation.asp?id=1 Androscoggin Mill -- Jay, Maine]

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