Westbrook, Maine

Westbrook, Maine
—  City  —
Presumpscot River, looking upstream towards One Riverfront Plaza and Saccarappa Falls

Seal
Location of Westbrook in Maine
Coordinates: 43°41′7″N 70°21′26″W / 43.68528°N 70.35722°W / 43.68528; -70.35722Coordinates: 43°41′7″N 70°21′26″W / 43.68528°N 70.35722°W / 43.68528; -70.35722
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1814
Government
 – Mayor Colleen Hilton
Area
 – Total 17.1 sq mi (44.2 km2)
 – Land 16.9 sq mi (43.7 km2)
 – Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 17,494
 – Density 1,023.0/sq mi (395.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04092, 04098
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-82105
GNIS feature ID 0578237
Website www.westbrookmaine.com

Westbrook is a city in Cumberland County, Maine, United States and a suburb of Portland. The population was 17,494 at the 2010 census. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area.

Contents

History

Originally known as Saccarappa after Saccarappa Falls on the Presumpscot River, it was a part of Falmouth (now Portland) until February 14, 1814, when it was set off and incorporated as Stroudwater. It soon changed its name to Westbrook after Colonel Thomas Westbrook, a commander during Dummer's War and King's mast agent who was an early settler and mill operator.[1] In 1871, Deering was set off as a separate town,[1] which in 1889 became part of Portland. In 1891, Westbrook was incorporated as a city.[2]

Saccarappa Falls and Congin Falls provided water power for early mills within the city. In 1829, a sawmill was built at the former which made the mill town noted for its lumber. Other industries followed, manufacturing grain bags, machinery and water wheels, carriage and harness, boots, shoes and moccasins, tinware, leather board, bricks, wooden boxes, box shook, meal and flour. The Portland Manufacturing Company built a cotton textile mill at Saccarappa Falls for making "sheetings, stripes and ducks." A paper mill was built at Cumberland Mills, once an Indian planting ground known as Ammoncongin. By 1859, it produced 1,000 tons of paper annually. In 1867, the factory's name would change to the S. D. Warren Paper Mill.[3]

The Oxford & Cumberland Canal opened in 1832, connecting Portland to Harrison by way of Westbrook and Sebago Lake. It was the primary commercial shipping route for goods until 1871, when it was rendered obsolete by the Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad.[1] Remnants of the canal can still be seen throughout the city, including Beaver Pond, along Stroudwater Street near the Maine Turnpike overpass, and in the woods between Westbrook High School and Oxford & Cumberland Canal Elementary School.

Geography

Westbrook is located at 43°41′7″N 70°21′26″W / 43.68528°N 70.35722°W / 43.68528; -70.35722 (43.685348, -70.357116)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44 km2), of which 16.9 square miles (44 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (1.17%) is water.

Westbrook is drained primarily by two rivers. The Presumpscot River flows through the center of the city, with two prominent falls (the aforementioned Saccarappa Falls and Congin Falls). The smaller Stroudwater River flows through the southwestern part of the city. The city also contains part of Highland Lake.

Westbrook is served by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 302 and State Routes 22 and 25. It is bordered by Portland to the east, South Portland and Scarborough to the south, Gorham and Windham to the west, and Falmouth to the north.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 16,142 people, 6,863 households, and 4,261 families residing in the city. The population density was 956.9 people per square mile (369.4/km²). There were 7,089 housing units at an average density of 420.3 per square mile (162.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.69% White, 0.88% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 6,863 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,873, and the median income for a family was $47,120. Males had a median income of $32,412 versus $25,769 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,501. About 6.7% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Now primarily a suburb of the larger city of Portland, Westbrook itself has a growing business base and developing core downtown district. IDEXX Laboratories, Inc., a multi-national corporation, is headquartered in Westbrook[6]. In addition to the downt own area, many of the city's businesses are located within two industrial parks (the Col. Westbrook Industrial Park and Five Star Industrial Park), as well as in the area surrounding Maine Turnpike Exit 48.

The city is home to Sappi Ltd.'s Westbrook Paper Mill and R&D Center.[7] The mill, formerly the S. D. Warren Paper Mill, was once the city's largest employer and taxpayer, employing over 3,000 people and representing over 50% of the city's tax base. However, foreign competition and the age of the mill have drastically reduced its workforce and production. Today the mill has found a niche in the marketplace, becoming one of the nation's top manufacturers of release papers and employing about 300 people. The Calpine-Westbrook Energy Center has since surpassed the mill as the city's largest taxpayer. Westbrook was also the home of the first Sebago-Moc shoe factory.

The faith-based Mercy Hospital of Portland operates Mercy Westbrook,[8] a small community hospital with a minor emergency room and inpatient treatment facilities. Spring Harbor Hospital, southern Maine's only private psychiatric treatment and recovery center, is also located within the city.

Education

Old Bridge Street School c. 1920
  • Congin Elementary School, grades 3 - 5
  • Canal School Elementary School, grades 3 - 5
  • Pride's Corner Elementary School, grades K - 2
  • Saccarappa Elementary School, grades K - 2

Libraries

  • Walker Memorial Library
  • Warren Memorial Library (recently closed)

Neighborhoods

Similar to neighboring Portland and South Portland, Westbrook contains several distinct neighborhoods that are generally recognized by residents but have no legal or political significance. Unlike Portland, however, there is no official signage recognizing these neighborhoods. Some of the notable neighborhoods include:

  • Birdland
  • Cumberland Mills
  • Deer Hill
  • Frenchtown
  • The Hamlet
  • Pride's Corner
  • Old Millbrook
  • Westbrook Pointe
  • Woodland
  • Colonial Village
  • Highland Lake

Recreation

In addition to the sports complexes located at Westbrook High School and other schools, the city offers several public recreational areas and facilities, including:

  • Bicentennial Park & Skate Park
  • Riverbank Park
  • Westbrook River Walk - along Presumpscot River in downtown area
  • Cornelia Warren Memorial Trail - along Presumpscot River between Ash St. and Cumberland St.
  • Westbrook River Trail - along Presumpscot River north and east of the Sappi paper mill
  • Rocky Hill - network of trails behind Wescott Community Center
  • Warren Little League Complex
  • Lincoln Street skating rink - ice hockey in colder months, roller hockey in warmer months
  • East Bridge Street skating rink - winter use only
  • Stroudwater Street skating rink - winter use only
  • East Bridge Street ballfields
  • Warren League Grounds
  • Warren Pool - outdoor public pool, summer use only
  • Davan Pool - indoor pool, open year-round

Westbrook is home to the 2002 Maine State Little League Champions, The 2005 12 Year Old Little League New England Regional Champions, 2006 13 Year Old Babe Ruth New England Champions, and The 2008 15 Year Old Babe Ruth World Championship Runner-ups.[citation needed]

Sites of interest

Notable people

Walker Memorial Library c. 1912, designed by Frederick Augustus Tompson (1857–1906)

References

  1. ^ a b c Varney, George (1886). "Westbrook". A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. Boston, MA: B. B. Russell. p. 582. http://books.google.com/books?id=bLc-AAAAYAAJ. Retrieved August 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ Westbrook, Maine Genealogy Project
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. p. 353. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&dq=A%20History%20and%20Description%20of%20New%20England%20Coolidge%20Mansfield&pg=PA353#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Bridgers, Leslie (7 September 2011). "Idexx gets OK for $30 million building". Portland Press Herald. http://www.pressherald.com/news/idexx-gets-ok-for-_30-million-building_2011-09-07.html. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "150+ Years of Paper Making Excellence". Warrenreleasepapers.sappi.com. Sappi Ltd.. 2010. http://www.warrenreleasepapers.sappi.com/about/history-of-warren-release. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Mercy Westbrook". Mercyhospital.org. Mercy Hospital. http://www.mercyhospital.org/content/MercyWestbrook.htm. Retrieved 8 November 2011. 

External links


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