Naples, Maine

Naples, Maine
—  Town  —
Lakefront c. 1920
Naples, Maine is located in Maine
Naples, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°57′36″N 70°36′11″W / 43.96°N 70.60306°W / 43.96; -70.60306
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Area
 – Total 37.2 sq mi (96.2 km2)
 – Land 31.8 sq mi (82.4 km2)
 – Water 5.4 sq mi (13.9 km2)
Elevation 315 ft (96 m)
Population (2000)
 – Total 3,274
 – Density 102.9/sq mi (39.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04055
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-48085
GNIS feature ID 0582613

Naples is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. The population was 3,274 at the 2000 census, and it is home to part of Sebago Lake State Park. Naples is a resort area.

Contents

History

The area was settled in 1790. Farming was limited by the soil, which consisted of gravelly loam, its surface strewn with glacial erratic boulders. The uplands, however, provided good grazing for livestock, and hay became the principal crop.[1]

Named for Naples, Italy, the town was incorporated on March 4, 1834 from parts of Otisfield, Harrison, Raymond and Bridgton. Between 1845 and 1856, it annexed more land from Sebago, Otisfield and Bridgton. The Songo Lock, built about 1830, linked Long Lake and Brandy Pond with Sebago Lake, allowing passage of boats from Harrison to Portland through the Oxford-Cumberland Canal in Standish. A canning factory and cooperage were established at Naples village. The community also produced carriages, in addition to men's and boy's clothing, boots and shoes.[2]

The beautiful scenery of the lakes, however, would make tourism the dominant industry. Visitors in the 19th century included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Nathaniel Hawthorne. To accommodate his passengers, Charles L. Goodridge of the Sebago Lake, Songo River & Bay of Naples Steamship Company built a hostelry on a knoll at the southern end of Long Lake. On July 26, 1899, The Bay of Naples Inn opened with 80 bedrooms. It was designed by John Calvin Stevens, who reduced by two-fifths a plan originally created for the ill-fated Metallak Hotel in Colebrook, New Hampshire. While under construction, The Metallak was destroyed in April 1893 during a violent windstorm, and its investors abandoned the project. The Bay of Naples Inn, which faced Mount Washington and the east side of the White Mountains, was a popular resort during the early 20th century. It remained open through the 1951 season, but in 1964 was deemed unprofitable and razed.[3]

Geography

Trickey Pond in 2005

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.2 square miles (96 km2), of which, 31.8 square miles (82 km2) of it is land and 5.3 square miles (14 km2) of it (14.40%) is water. Naples is drained by the Songo River.

Water bodies that are adjacent to or within of Naples include:

Demographics

Steamboat in c. 1910

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,274 people, 1,297 households, and 931 families residing in the town. The population density was 102.9 people per square mile (39.8/km²). There were 2,381 housing units at an average density of 74.9 per square mile (28.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.20% White, 0.15% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.21% of the population.

There were 1,297 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.90.

Songo River in 1908

In the town the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $38,141, and the median income for a family was $40,825. Males had a median income of $31,458 versus $24,596 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,176. About 6.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

Site of interest

References

  1. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 220–222. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA9&dq=coolidge%20mansfield%20history%20description%20new%20england%201859&pg=PA220#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  2. ^ George J. Varney, "History of Naples, Maine" (1886)
  3. ^ Bryant F. Tolles, Jr., The Grand Resort Hotels of the White Mountains; David R. Godine, publisher; Boston 1998
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 43°58′18″N 70°36′33″W / 43.97167°N 70.60917°W / 43.97167; -70.60917


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