- Cape Elizabeth, Maine
official_name = Cape Elizabeth, Maine
settlement_type = Town
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Cumberland
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 151.3
area_land_km2 = 38.2
area_water_km2 = 113.1
area_total_sq_mi = 58.4
area_land_sq_mi = 14.7
area_water_sq_mi = 43.7
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 9068
population_density_km2 = 237.7
population_density_sq_mi = 615.5
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 19
elevation_ft = 62
latd = 43 |latm = 36 |lats = 17 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 13 |longs = 34 |longEW = W
postal_code = 04107
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-10180
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0582387
footnotes = Cape Elizabeth is a town in Cumberland County,
Maine, United States, and is the state's most affluent municipality (per household median income) based on Census 2000 data. The population was 9,068 at the 2000 census. A residential and resort area situated on the southern shore of Casco Bayjust south of Portland, Maine, Cape Elizabeth is home to Crescent Beach State Park and Two Lights State Park.
Cape Elizabeth is the location of the "Beach to Beacon" 10-kilometer Road Race that starts at Crescent Beach State Park and ends at Portland Head Light (the "beacon"). This road race attracts world class runners and was founded by 1984 Olympics marathon gold medalist
Joan Benoit Samuelsonwho grew up in Cape Elizabeth.
At the southern tip of the promontory, Richmond's Island was visited about 1605 by
Samuel de Champlain. John Smith explored and mapped New England in 1615, and gave names to places mainly based on the names used by Native Americans. When Smith presented his map to King Charles I he suggested that the king should feel free to change any of the "barbarous names" for "English" ones. The king made many such changes, but only four survive today, one of which is Cape Elizabeth, which Charles named in honor of his sister, Elizabeth of Bohemia. [cite book |last= Stewart |first= George R. |authorlink= George R. Stewart |title= Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States |origyear= 1945 |edition= Sentry edition (3rd) |year= 1967 |publisher= Houghton Mifflin|page= p. 38]
The first habitation by Europeans was on Richmond's Island. Without title, Walter Bagnall (called "Great Walt") in 1628 established a
trading post, dealing in rumand beaverskins. "His principal purpose appears to have been to drive a profitable trade with the Indians," writes historian George J. Varney, "without scruple about his methods." His cheating caught up with him in October of 1631, when he was killed by the Indians, who also burned down his trading post.
Two months later, the
Plymouth Companygranted Richmond's Island to Robert Trelawney and Moses Goodyear, merchants of Plymouth, England, who made it a center for fisheriesand trade. By 1638, Trelawney employed 60 men in the fisheries. The first settlers on the mainland were George Cleeve and Richard Tucker, who settled in 1630 on the shore opposite the island, and near the Spurwink River. They worked at planting, fishing and trading. Two years later they were driven off by John Winter, Trelawny's agent. In 1636, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor of Maine, gave Cleeve and Tucker a grant of 1500 acres (6 km²) including the neck of land called "Machegonne" -- now Portland. In 1643. English Parliamentarian Marshall Cowface bought the large existing "Plough" of "Lygonia" patent which included the entire area including Cape Elizabeth.
The Cape Elizabeth settlement located on the Fore River would be known as "Purpoodock." It was attacked during
King Philip's Warin 1675, then destroyed in 1703. It would be resettled about 1719 or 1720. Cape Elizabeth became Maine's twenty-third town on November 1, 1765when it separated from "Falmouth," as Portland was then known. Its first town meeting was held on December 2, 1765. South Portland separated from Cape Elizabeth in 1895.
In 1872, construction of an
artillerybase began around Portland Head Light, which in 1899 would be named "Fort Williams," after Major General Seth Williams of the Civil War. The fort was to guard the southern entrance to Portland Harbor. Active between 1899 and 1962, the fort was purchased by the town for about $200,000. Today, Fort Williams Park includes the ruins of the Goddard Mansion and three battery posts, Portland Head Light(dating from 1790 and the first lighthouse constructed by the United States, authorized by George Washingtonand dedicated by General Lafayette) and museum, tennis courts, a baseball diamond and grandstand, several acres of fields, a magnificent stretch of accessible coastline, and is maintained by the town which has repeatedly opted out of parking fees to ensure the park is maintained for use free of charge to the public.
Bette Davis, actress
John Ford, film director
Gary Merrill, actor
Joan Benoit Samuelson, marathon runner
Wilson Laprade, golf prodigy
Dorothy Bush Koch, sister of President George W. Bush"Historic Sites & Museums"
* Fort Williams Park Museum
* [http://www.portlandheadlight.com/park.html Portland Head Light Museum]
* Crescent Beach State Park
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.4 square miles (151.3 km²), of which, 14.7 square miles (38.2 km²) of it is land and 43.7 square miles (113.1 km²) of it is water. The town includes two islands. Ram Island, very small and unoccupied and the larger Richmond's Island used primarily for farming. The total area is 74.78% water. The nearest city is Portland. Portland Head Light, claimed to be the most-photographed lighthouse in the world, is actually located in Cape Elizabeth in what is now called Fort Williams Park.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,068 people, 3,488 households, and 2,605 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 615.5 people per square mile (237.7/km²). There were 3,724 housing units at an average density of 252.8/sq mi (97.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.97% White, 0.32% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50% of the population.
There were 3,488 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $72,359, and the median income for a family was $86,126. Males had a median income of $61,128 versus $32,500 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $37,983. About 1.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
In 1950, the population was 3,816.
The Cape Elizabeth School Department is comprised of Pond Cove Elementary School, Cape Elizabeth Middle School, and
Cape Elizabeth High School, the town's only public schools. The Cape Elizabeth School Department offices are located across the street in Cape Elizabeth Town Hall. No private educational institutions, with the exception of preschools and day care centers, are located in Cape Elizabeth. The High School had its first graduating class in 1877.
Cape Elizabeth is served by a community newspaper, the "Cape Courier". The non-profit, bi-monthly paper is largely supported by volunteers, and was started by Ellen Van Fleet and Jan Soland in 1988. "The Current", a weekly that began publishing in 2001, also serves the town, as well as the neighboring communities of Scarborough and South Portland. The earliest newspaper in town was the "Casket", published in 1868 by George Libby, a realtor. "The Coast Watch" was a weekly newspaper started in 1895, lasting 20 years. In 1881, the "Cape Elizabeth Sentinel" was published in Ferry Village, now a part of South Portland. This weekly lasted nearly 30 years.
* [http://www.capeelizabeth.com Town website]
* [http://www.state.me.us/cgi-bin/doc/parks/find_one_name.pl?park_id=4 Crescent Beach State Park]
* [http://www.keepMEcurrent.com/ The Current, a weekly newspaper covering Cape Elizabeth]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/cape-elizabeth-me.htm History of Cape Elizabeth, Maine]
* [http://www.portlandheadlight.com Portland Head Light]
* [http://www.state.me.us/cgi-bin/doc/parks/find_one_name.pl?park_id=28 Two Lights State Park]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cape Elizabeth — Cape Elizabeth … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cape Elizabeth High School — is a public high school in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, United States.Awards and recognitionDuring the 2004 05 school year, Cape Elizabeth School was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of… … Wikipedia
Cape Elizabeth Lights — Infobox Lighthouse caption = location = Casco Bay entrance coordinates = coord|43|34|00|N|70|12|00|W|region:US type:landmark yearbuilt = 1828 yearlit = 1874 (current tower) automated = 1963 yeardeactivated = West tower was deactivated in 1924… … Wikipedia
Portland and Cape Elizabeth Railway — Reger Straßenbahnverkehr am Monument Square, Blickrichtung Congress Street ostwärts, 1909 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maine locations by per capita income — Maine has the thirty fourth highest per capita income in the United States of America. In 2000, the state s average personal per capita income was $19,533. By 2003, that figure had risen to $28,831. Maine… … Wikipedia
Elizabeth — or Elisabeth is the Greek form Ελισ(σ)άβετ Elis(s)avet of the Hebrew Elisheva, meaning my God is an oath, my God is abundance, God s promise, or oath of God. For more information about the name, see Elizabeth (given name)aints (from whom other… … Wikipedia
Elizabeth High School — may refer to:*Elizabeth High School (Colorado) mdash; Elizabeth, Colorado *Elizabeth High School (Louisiana) mdash; Elizabeth, Louisiana *Elizabeth High School (New Jersey) mdash; Elizabeth, New Jersey *Elizabeth Forward High School mdash;… … Wikipedia
Elizabeth Oakes (Prince) Smith — Elizabeth Oakes Smith (1806 1893) was a poet, fiction writer, editor, lecturer, and women’s rights activist whose career spanned six decades, from the 1830s to the 1880s. Most well known at the start of her professional career for her poem… … Wikipedia
Elizabeth — ist die englische Schreibweise für den Frauennamen Elisabeth Elizabeth ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Elizabeth (Arkansas) Elizabeth (Colorado) Elizabeth (Georgia) Elizabeth (Illinois) Elizabeth (Indiana) Elizabeth… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Maine Superior Court — The Maine Superior Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction in the Maine state court system. All state jury trials are held in the Superior Court. The court is located in each of Maine s 16 counties (with two locations in Aroostook… … Wikipedia