Seine fishing


Seine fishing
A basic seine net

Seine fishing is fishing using a seine. A seine is a large fishing net that hangs in the water due to weights along the bottom edge and floats along the top. Boats equipped for seine fishing are called seiners.

Seine nets are usually long flat nets like a fence that are used to encircle a school of fish, with the boat driving around the fish in a circle.

There are two main types of seine net: purse seines and Danish seines.

Contents

Purse seine

Purse seine boat encircling a school of fish
A school of about 400 tons of jack mackerel encircled by a Chilean purse seiner

A common type of seine is a purse seine, named such because along the bottom are a number of rings. A rope passes through all the rings, and when pulled, draws the rings close to one another, preventing the fish from "sounding", or swimming down to escape the net. This operation is similar to a traditional style purse, which has a drawstring.

The purse seine is a preferred technique for capturing fish species which school, or aggregate, close to the surface: such as sardines, mackerel, anchovies, herring, certain species of tuna (schooling); and salmon soon before they swim up rivers and streams to spawn (aggregation). Boats equipped with purse seines are called purse seiners.

Power block

The power block is a mechanized pulley used on some seiners to haul in the nets. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, no single invention has contributed more to the success of purse seine net hauling than the power block.[1]

The Puretic power block line was introduced in the 1950s and was the key factor in the mechanization of purse seining. The combination of these blocks with advances in fluid hydraulics and the new large synthetic nets changed the character of purse seine fishing. The original Puretic power block was driven by an endless rope from the warping head of a winch. Nowadays, power blocks are usually driven by hydraulic pumps powered by the main or auxiliary engine. Their rpm, pull and direction can be controlled remotely.[1]

A minimum of four people are required for power block seining; the skipper, skiff operator, corkline stacker, and leadline stacker.

Drum

In Canada, specifically on the coast of British Columbia drum seining is a method of seine fishing which was adopted in the late 1950’s and is now used excusively in that region.[2]

The drum seine uses a horizonally mounted drum to haul and store the net instead of a power block. The net is pulled in over a roller, which spans the stern, and then passes through a spooling gear with upright rollers. The spooling gear is moved from side to side across the stern which allows the net to be guided and wound tightly on the drum.[3]

There are several advantages to the drum seine over the power block. The net can be hauled very quickly, more than twice the speed of using a power block, the net does not require overhead handling and the process is therefore safer. The most important advantage is that the drum system can be operated with fewer deckhands.

Danish seine

A Danish seine, also occasionally called an anchor seine, consists of a conical net with two long wings with a bag where the fish collect. Drag lines extend from the wings, and are long so they can surround an area.

A Danish seine is similar to a small trawl net, but the wire warps are much longer and there are no otter boards. The seine boat drags the warps and the net in a circle around the fish. The motion of the warps herds the fish into the central net.

Danish seiner vessels are usually larger than purse seiners, though they are often accompanied by a smaller vessel. The drag lines are often stored on drums or coiled onto the deck by a coiling machine. A brightly coloured buoy, anchored as a "marker", serves as a fixed point when hauling the seine. A power block, usually mounted on a boom or a slewing deck crane, hauls the seine net.

Danish seining works best on demersal fish which are either scattered on or close to the bottom of the sea, or are aggregated (schooling). They are used when there are flat but rough seabeds which are not trawlable. It is especially useful in northern regions, but not much in tropical to sub-tropical areas.

The net is deployed, with one end attached to an anchored dan (marker) buoy, by the main vessel, the seiner, or by a smaller auxiliary boat. A drag line is paid out, followed by a net wing. As the seiner sweeps in a big circle returning to the buoy, the deployment continues with the seine bag and the remaining wing, finishing with the remaining drag line. In this way a large area can be surrounded. Next the drag lines are hauled in using rope-coiling machines until the catch bag can be secured.

History

The seine netting method developed in Denmark. Scottish seining ("fly dragging") was a later modification. The original procedure is much the same as fly dragging except for the use of an anchored marker buoy when hauling, and closing the net and warps and net by winch.

See also

External images
Purse seine
Danish seine
  • Lampuki Maltese fishing methods
  • Seiners

Notes

  1. ^ a b FAO Fishing Equipment: Power block
  2. ^ A Paean to Purse Seiners and Seafood Fest Seattle Press Online, 15 July 1999.
  3. ^ FAO: Fishing Techniques: Drum seining Rome. Retrieved 22 December 2009.

References

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • seine fishing — noun • • • Main Entry: ↑seine …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fishing in Portugal — Fishing is a major economic activity in Portugal. The country has a long tradition in the sector, and is among the countries in the world with the highest fish consumption per capita. [pt icon PESSOA, M.F.; MENDES, B.; OLIVEIRA, J.S. [http://igbp …   Wikipedia

  • Seine (disambiguation) — Seine may refer to one of the following:*Seine, a major river in France *Seine (department), an administrative subdivision of France encompassing Paris and its immediate suburbs *Seine River (disambiguation): **Seine River (Ontario), Canada… …   Wikipedia

  • Fishing techniques — There is an intricate link between various fishing techniques and knowledge about the fish and their behavior including migration, foraging and habitat (Keegan 1986). All fish traps and methods of catching fish are based on this intimate… …   Wikipedia

  • Fishing net — A fishing net or fishnet is a net that is used for fishing. Fishing nets are meshes usually formed by knotting a relatively thin thread. Modern nets are usually made of artificial polyamides like nylon, although nets of organic polyamides such as …   Wikipedia

  • fishing float — noun : a scow used in seine fishing and designed to be moved from one fishing ground to another * * * fishing float, a raft or scow with a small house on it, designed to be floated and anchored wherever desired, for use in fishing with a seine …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fishing in Utopia — – Sweden and the Future that Disappeared ist ein 2008 erschienener Reisebericht von Andrew Brown. Das Buch reflektiert die Entwicklung Schwedens seit den 1970er Jahren vom Sozialismus hin zu einer kapitalistischen Gesellschaft, enthält dabei aber …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fishing — Fish ing, a. [From {Fishing}, n.] Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery; engaged in fishing; as, fishing boat; fishing tackle; fishing village. [1913 Webster] {Fishing fly}, an artificial fly for fishing. {Fishing line}, a line used in catching… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fishing fly — Fishing Fish ing, a. [From {Fishing}, n.] Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery; engaged in fishing; as, fishing boat; fishing tackle; fishing village. [1913 Webster] {Fishing fly}, an artificial fly for fishing. {Fishing line}, a line used in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fishing line — Fishing Fish ing, a. [From {Fishing}, n.] Pertaining to fishing; used in fishery; engaged in fishing; as, fishing boat; fishing tackle; fishing village. [1913 Webster] {Fishing fly}, an artificial fly for fishing. {Fishing line}, a line used in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.