Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset


Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset

Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset (born at Montigny-les-Charlieu, a village of Franche-Comté, in 1792; died at Reims in 1866) was a French cardinal and theologian.

The son of a vine-grower, he at first laboured in the fields, and did not begin his studies till the age of seventeen. Ordained priest in 1817, he was a curate for several months, and was then charged with teaching moraI theology at the Grand Séminaire of Besançon. He retained this chair until 1830, acquiring the reputation of an expert professor and consummate casuist.

It was then he re-edited with accompanying notes and dissertations the "Conférences d'Angers" (26 vols., 1823), and the "Dictionnaire théologique" of Bergier (1826), of which he published another edition in 1843. From these years of his professorship date his clear exposition of the "Doctrine de l' Eglise sur le prêt à intérêt" (1825), "Le Code civil commenté dans ses rapports avec la théologie morale" (1827), and "Justification de la théologie du P. Liguori" (1829).

Summoned to the post of vicar-general of Besançon by Cardinal de Rohan, he fulfilled the duties of post from 1830 to 1835. At this date he was named Bishop of Périgueux, and in the following year he presented to Villemain his "Observations sur la liberté d'enseignement", a protest against the monopoly of the university. In 1840 he was called to the Archdiocese of Reims, but his episcopal duties did not prevent him from completing important theological works.

In 1844 appeared in French his "Théologie morale a l'usage des curés et des confesseurs", which ran quickly through several editions. His treatise on dogmatic theology (2 Vols. 1848) had no less success. The dignity of cardinal was conferred on him in 1850. In virtue of the Constitution of 1852 he became senator of the empire, and in 1858 commander of the Legion of Honour. His last works were "Exposition des principes de droit canonique" (1859); "Du droit de l' Eglise touchant le possession des biens destinés au culte et la souverainté temporelle du Pape." (1862)

External links

*CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06684b.htm|title=Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bgous.html Catholic-hierarchy.org]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset — Thomas Gousset Cardinal Thomas Gousset de l Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset —     Thomas Marie Joseph Gousset     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thomas Marie Joseph Gousset     French Cardinal and theologian; b. at Montigny les Charlieu, a village of Franche Comté, in 1792; d. at Reims in 1866. The son of a vine grower he at… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gousset, Thomas-Marie-Joseph — • French cardinal and theologian; b. at Montigny les Charlieu, a village of Franche Comté, in 1792; d. at Reims in 1866 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thomas Gousset — Biographie Naissance 1er mai 1792 à Montigny lès Cherlieu (France) Ordination sacerdotale 22 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mgr Gousset — Thomas Gousset Cardinal Thomas Gousset de l Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste Marie Anne Antoine de Latil — (* 6. März 1761 in Sainte Marguerite; † 1. Dezember 1839 in Reims) war Kardinal der römisch katholischen Kirche. Leben Jean Baptiste Marie Anne Antoine de Latil empfing 1784 die Priesterweihe. Papst Pius VII. ernannte ihn am 8. März 1816 zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Histoire De Sainte-Marie-Aux-Mines — Sainte Marie aux Mines (Markirch en allemand) est une commune française, située dans le département du Haut Rhin et la région Alsace. Sommaire 1 Histoire 1.1 Première mention 1.2 Le partage de la vallée entre ducs et seigneurs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Histoire de Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines — Sainte Marie aux Mines (Markirch en allemand) est une commune française, située dans le département du Haut Rhin et la région Alsace. Sommaire 1 Histoire 1.1 Première mention 1.2 Le partage de la vallée entre ducs et seigneurs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Joseph Gaume — Nationalité Français Profession Ecclésiastique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-joseph gaume — Jean Joseph Gaume, né à Fuans (Doubs) le 5 mai 1802 et mort le 19 novembre 1879, est un prêtre catholique et théologien français. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Principaux ouvrages …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.