British Touring Car Championship
British Touring Car Championship Category Touring cars Country or region United Kingdom Inaugural season 1958 Drivers 34 (2011) Teams 18 (2011) Constructors 10 (2011) Drivers' champion Matt Neal Teams' champion Honda Racing Team Makes' champion Honda Official website btcc.net/ Current season
The British Touring Car Championship is a touring car racing series held each year in the United Kingdom. The Championship was established in 1958 as the British Saloon Car Championship and has run to various rules over the years – "production cars", then FIA Group 1 or 2 in the late 1960s and 1970s, and then Group A in the 1980s, when in 1987, the series took on its current name. (A lower-key Group N series for production cars ran for most of the 1990s).
The championship was initially run with a mix of classes, divided according to engine capacity, racing simultaneously. This often meant that a driver who chose the right class could win the overall championship without any chance of overall race wins, thereby devaluing the title for the spectators – for example, in the 1980s Chris Hodgetts won two overall titles in a small Toyota Corolla prepared by Hughes Of Beaconsfield, at that time a Mercedes-Benz/Toyota main dealer when most of the race wins were going to much larger cars; and while the Ford Sierra Cosworth RS500s were playing at the front of the field, Frank Sytner took a title in a Class B BMW M3 and John Cleland's first title was won in a small Class C Vauxhall Astra.
After the domination (and expense) of the Ford Sierra Cosworth in the late 1980s, the BTCC was the first to introduce a 2.0 L formula, in 1990, which later became the template for the Supertouring class that exploded throughout Europe. The BTCC continued to race with Supertouring until 2000 and for 2001 adopted its own BTC Touring rules. However the Super 2000 rules have now been observed for the overall championship since the 2007 season. The 2000s have seen cheaper cars than the later Supertouring era, with fewer factory teams and fewer international drivers.
In 2009, the BTCC released details of its Next Generation Touring Car (NGTC) specification, to be introduced from 2011. The introduction of these new technical regulations were designed to dramatically reduce the design, build and running costs of the cars and engines as well as reducing the potential for significant performance disparities between cars. The NGTC specification also aimed to cut costs by reducing reliance on WTCC/S2000 equipment, due to increasing costs/complexity and concerns as to its future sustainability and direction
Type of cars
Currently, the cars used are a mix of 2.0 L saloons (sedans) such as the BMW 320si E90 and Chevrolet Cruze and hatchback cars such as the Honda Civic and Ford focus, based on models from a variety of manufacturers, using Super 2000 regulations matching those of the World Touring Car Championship. The series launched its own BTC Touring specification for 2001, a year before the WTCC began in its current form, however car counts were low. Super 2000 cars were allowed to enter from 2004 to encourage cars to be built for both championships, and became the only cars eligible to win the main title - although several independent teams still run BTC Touring-spec cars.
BTCC teams are a mixture of "works" teams from manufacturers (currently Honda and Chevrolet) and independent teams such as Team RAC, 888, and Motorbase. However, in 2010 there were two new works teams, following Vauxhall's decision to pull out of the series: Chevrolet, run by RML; and Honda, run by Team Dynamics. In 2005, Team Dynamics became the first independent outfit to win the BTCC drivers and team championships; Matt Neal won the overall and independent drivers contests in his Team Dynamics Honda Integra. This included finishing all 30 championship races that year, something no other driver has achieved before or since. This ended Vauxhall's run of 4 victories in the drivers and teams championships between 2001 and 2004. Neal and Dynamics were also victorious in 2006, before Vauxhall won the 2007 title with Italian Fabrizio Giovanardi. Team Dynamics also achieved the first overall independents race win in the 'Supertouring' era when Neal won a round of the 1999 BTCC at Donington park, earning the team prize-money of £250,000. As a result of Matt Neal's championship victories, and the fact that Team Dynamics were designing and building their own S2000 Honda Civic Type R(with unofficial support from Honda), they were no longer entered into the Independents category, and were classed as neither an "independent" or "works" team until the 2009 season, when the Manufactures championship was renamed Manufactures/Constructors Championship to allow both Team Aon and Team Dynamics to compete with the now sole works entry of Vauxhall.
There are strict limits to the modifications which can be made to the cars, which are intended to reduce the cost of running a competitive team, which had become prohibitive in the final years of the Super Touring rules. These cost reductions have seen a rise in independent entries – teams or individuals entering cars purchased from the manufacturer teams when they update their chassis. These so called "ex-works" cars have enjoyed some success. To further keep costs in check, the BTCC uses a "control tyre", with Dunlop the current supplier of rubber to all the teams.
The rules have allowed for a variety of different fuels in a bid to encourage more efficient cars but by 2011 only petrol was allowed. In 2004 Mardi Gras Motorsport independently entered a Liquified petroleum gas powered Super 2000 Honda Civic Type-R (which was subsequently replaced by a more competitive BTC-Touring Peugeot 406 Coupé, still LPG powered), and in 2005 Tech-Speed Motorsport converted an ex-works Vauxhall Astra Coupé to run on bio-ethanol fuel. In the middle of 2006, Kartworld's owner-driver Jason Hughes converted his 4 cylinder MG ZS to run on Bio-Ethanol, soon followed by the West Surrey Racing cars of championship contender Colin Turkington and Rob Collard, and for the final event at Silverstone, Richard Marsh converted his Peugeot 307 to run on bio-ethanol fuel. Only Hughes continued on this fuel in 2007 and 2008.
The regulations also permited cars to run on diesel; attempted first in the 2007 season by Rick Kerry in a BMW 120d E87 run by Team AFM Racing . In 2008 SEAT Sport UK entered two Turbo Diesel Power SEAT Leons - the first diesel powered manufacturer entered cars. The clear advantage of turbo-diesel engines lead to them being banned for 2009.
At the start of the 2010 season it was announced that Team AON racing had converted both of their Ford Focus ST cars to run on LPG. However, LPG followed diesel by being banned for 2011 leaving only petrol powered engines.
AudiA4 (B5), (B8) BMW120d • 3 Series (E30) • 3 Series (E36) • 3 Series (E90) ChevroletCruze LT • Lacetti Ford Honda LexusIS200 Mazda MG Mitsubishi Nissan Peugeot Proton Renault Rover216 GTi SEAT Toyota Vauxhall Volkswagen Volvo
During the 2011 British Touring Car Championship season, there were three different sets of regulations, which cars have to be built to, eligible to race in the BTCC. There was also a hybrid regulation, S2000/NGTC. where cars were allowed to be built to S2000 regulations but for a NGTC specification engine (with turbo).
- Next Generation Touring Car. Brand new set of regulations specifically developed for the BTCC as a way of moving the sport forward and cut costs for competitors.
- Super 2000. Regulations first introduced to the BTCC in 2004, allowing teams to build cars eligible to race in several different Touring Car Championships, including the World Touring Car Championship.
Over the years the BTCC has used several other regulations which are no longer eligible to race.
- FIA Group 1 - (Late 1960s to 1970s)
- FIA Group 2 - (Late 1960s to 1970s)
- FIA Group A - (1983-1990)
- BTCC 2 Litre Touring Car Formula later becoming FIA Super Touring - (1990 to 2000)
- FIA Group N - (1990s)
- BTC Touring - (2001 to 2011). The BTCC developed and introduced this specification in 2001, in responce to the spiraling costs of the Super Touring specification. However, with the Super 2000 specification being used in the newly reformed World Touring Car Championship, the popularity of the BTC-T spec with top teams and manufactures was short lived. Therefore, from the 2007 season, BTC-T spec cars were no longer allowed to win the championship outright. The 2010 season was meant to be the last year BTC-T cars would be eligible to enter the championship, however Series Director Alan Gow announced a one year extension to allow BTC-T to compete in 2011 (with their base-weight +50 kg on the 2010 season). Only cars that competed in 2010 would be eligible to race in 2011.
In 2011, there will be 10 rounds with three races at each round, making it a thirty round competition in total, as in previous seasons. The racetracks used for the 2011 season will be the same as used for the 2010 season, but not in the same order. The first race will be at Brands Hatch.
On the Saturday of a race weekend there are two practice sessions followed by a 30-minute qualifying session which determines the starting order for the first race on the Sunday, the fastest driver lining up in pole position.
Each race typically consists of between 16 and 25 laps, depending on the length of the circuit. The result of race one determines the grid order for race two (i.e. the winner starts on pole).
For race three, a wheel is spun to decide at which place the grid is 'reversed'. This means drivers finishing 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th or 10th in race two could take pole position for race 3 depending on the outcome of the draw. For example, if the spinning wheel stops at position 7, the driver finishing in 7th position in race two starts on pole, 6th place starts in second place, 5th place starts in third etc. Drivers finishing in 8th place and beyond would start race three in their finishing order for race two. The draw is normally conducted by the winner of race two, unless this driver is competing for the championship at the final meeting.
Previous to 2006, the driver finishing in 10th place in race two took pole position for race three. This initiated deliberate race 'fixing', whereby some drivers attempted to finished in 10th place during race two to gain pole position in race three. This "reverse grid" rule polarised opinion: some fans enjoy the spectacle afforded by having unlikely drivers on pole position while faster ones have to battle through the field; others feel it detracts from the purity of the racing. For example, some drivers might decide to slow down and let others pass them, thereby improving their own starting position for the "reverse grid" race, which is contrary to the spirit of motor racing – which is to try to come first in every race. It also led to some safety concerns as drivers would slow dramatically on the approach to the finish line, with cars behind forced to take evasive action to avoid collecting slower cars ahead. These factors contributed the rule change for the 2006 season.
Points are awarded to the top ten drivers in each race as follows :
Current BTCC points system Race 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th Pole Position Fastest Lap Lead A Lap R1 15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 1 1 R2 15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 1 R3 15 12 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 1
- No driver may collect more than one "Lead a Lap" point per race no matter how many laps they lead.
In the UK, ITV has covered the series since 2002, with commentary from Ben Edwards and former champion Tim Harvey. In 2006 this included highlights from the first and second race of the day and live coverage of the third and final race. This returned in the second half of 2007, after the first five meetings had been on ITV3 (a digital channel with fewer viewers), with a half-hour late-night highlights show. ITV1 also has a Sunday night show called Motorsport UK, featuring many of the supporting races. In 2008, the races are being screened live on ITV4, along with the support races. ITV1 has a one-hour highlights programme on the Monday night following the race.
Prior to that, the BBC used to screen highlights of every race, from 1988 to 2001. The F1 commentator at the time, Murray Walker used to do the commentary. From 1997, some races were screened live with Charlie Cox joining Murray Walker in the commentary box. After 1997 the commentary team was Charlie Cox and John Watson with Murray Walker dedicating his time to Formula 1.
The series is also screened in other countries. In Australia, Fox Sports Australia have been covering the BTCC championship since 2000. From 2009 the ITV coverage has screened on ONE HD. Speed TV is screening the 2009 season in the USA over the winter.
Motors TV used to show all the races live, including some support races, both in the UK and across Europe. In 2007 Setanta Sports showed all the races live, including the support races, although this did not continue in 2008.
TV Coverage of 2011 Season Country TV Network Language Qualifying Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes United Kingdom ITV4 English No Live Live Live 6½ Hours of coverage per meeting (also shows live and delayed coverage of support races) No Highlights 1 Hour Highlights Show of all 3 races ITV4 HD English No Live Live Live High Definition coverage for the 2011 season (HD Simulcast of ITV4) No Highlights ITV Sport Website English Live Live Live Live Live video stream. Highlights available to watch anytime after the race via the Race Archive ITV Player English No Highlights Replays of each highlights programme for 30 days ITV1 English No Highlights 1 Hour Highlights Show of all 3 races ITV1 HD English No Highlights 1 Hour Highlights Show of all 3 races (HD Simulcast of ITV1) TV Coverage of 2010 Season Country TV Network Language Qualifying Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Notes United Kingdom ITV4 English No Live Live Live 6 Hours 30 Mins of Coverage per meeting† ITV Sport Website English Live‡ Live Live Live Available to watch anytime after the race ITV1 English No Highlights Highlights Highlights Highlights Show Australia ONE HD English Highlights Highlights Highlights 1 hour Highlights Show USA Speed TV English Highlights Highlights Show broadcast during the winter (6 December 2010 to 8 February 2010) Canada Speed TV English Highlights Highlights Show broadcast during the winter (6 December 2010 to 8 February 2010) Latin America
Spanish Highlights Highlights Highlights Highlights shown from June to December † 7 hours 30 minutes during the final round at Brands Hatch. ‡ during the final round at Brands Hatch only.
Live timing for the BTCC and its support races, as well as testing, is provided by Timing Solutions Ltd from their website. This service allows you to follow free practice and qualifying as well as race day action via a timing screen from your computer or mobile phone.
Currently, 5 championships are awarded per season. The overall driver's championship is the driver gaining the most points overall throughout the season. Since 1992, the Independents driver championship has also been awarded to the leading non-manufacturer-backed driver. There are also awards for the best overall team, leading manufacturer and, since 2004, the top independent team. Previous championship titles were awarded to the leading "Production" (or "Class B") driver and team between 2000 and 2003.
Future: Next Generation Touring Car
In 2009, the BTCC released details of its ‘Next Generation Touring Car’ (NGTC), to be introduced from 2011. The introduction of these new technical regulations were designed to fulfil the following criteria:
- Dramatically reduce the design, build and running costs of the cars and engines
- Maintain present levels of performance until 2013, to ensure performance parity with current S2000 cars
- Reduce the potential for significant performance disparities between cars
- ‘Future proof’ the regulations by being able to easily modify the various performance parameters
- Reduce reliance on WTCC/S2000 equipment, due to increasing costs/complexity and concerns as to its future sustainability/direction
The NGTC engine had its first run in February 2010, during testing for the 2010 season. Pirtek Racing's Vauxhall Vectra was fitted with the engine, which performed well during a week's testing at Snetterton. For the 2010 BTCC Season the NGTC engine will be used by both Pirtek Racing and Pinkney Motorsport both driving a Vauxhall Vectra.
The TOCA owned Toyota NGTC car had its full public demonstration at the last round of the 2010 British Touring Car Championship at Brands Hatch.
The BTCC has had several championship sponsors over the years.
Year Sponsor 1960 Supa Tura 1974 Castrol Anniversary 1976 Keith Prowse 1978, 1980–82, 1984-86 Tricentrol 1983 Trimoco 1987-88, 2005–07, 2010 – Present Dunlop 1989-92 Esso 1993–2000 Auto Trader 2001 theAA.com 2002-04 Green Flag 2008-09 HiQ
2011 BTCC Support Races
- Ginetta GT Supercup
- Formula Renault UK (except the round at Knockhill)
- Ginetta Junior Championship
- Porsche Carrera Cup GB (except the round at Croft)
- Renault Clio Cup (except the rounds at Knockhill and Silverstone)
- Formula Renault BARC (only at Silverstone)
Previous Support Races
- SEAT Cupra Championship
- Formula BMW UK
- Formula Ford
- Renault Spider Cup
- Formula Vauxhall
- Formula Vauxhall Junior
- Lotus Elise Championship
- Vauxhall Vectra Championship
- Ford Fiesta Championship
- ^ a b "Technical overview: NGTC". btcc.net (British Touring Car Championship). 2009-06-02. http://www.btcc.net/html/generalnews_detail.php?id=1489&month=6&year=2009&form=browse&searchterm=. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- ^ A BTCC.NET Article.
- ^ Hudson, Neil. "BTC-spec cars get another year". touringcartimes.com. http://www.touringcartimes.com/article.php?id=5521. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- ^ Briggs, Gemma (2009-08-30). "Herbert goes back to his roots after horror crash". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/motor-racing/herbert-goes-back-to-his-roots-after-horror-crash-1779277.html. Retrieved 2009-09-01.
- ^ BTCC.net
- ^ BTCC.net
- ^ BTCC.net
- ^ "Strong first run for NGTC engine". btcc.net (British Touring Car Championship). 2010-02-26. http://www.btcc.net/html/generalnews_detail.php?id=1826. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- ^ "BTCC Next Gen Car Has "Wow-Factor" In Brands Demonstration". thecheckeredflag.co.uk (TheCheckeredFlag.co.uk). 2010-10-12. http://www.thecheckeredflag.co.uk/2010/10/next-gen-car-has-wow-factor-in-brands-demonstration/. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
- ^ BTCC.net
- Official site
- FIA STC Article 262
- BTCC Spotters Guide PDF Download
- Le Touring, Sauce Européenne BTCC, WTCC, DTM and STCC news, rumors and results (In French)
- The Checkered Flag - BTCC news, rumours, interviews and more
- BTCC Crazy
- BTCC Russia Russian Fan site
British Saloon/Touring Car Championship1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961 • 1962 • 1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 • 1967 • 1968 • 1969 • 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 Motorsport in the UK International Open Wheel Saloon/Sports CarBritish Touring Car Championship • Renault Clio Cup • SEAT Cupra Championship • Kumho BMW Championship • BRDC Sportscar Championship • MaX5 Racing Championship • TVR Tuscan Challenge • Welsh Sports and Saloon Car Championship • British GT Championship • Ginetta GT Supercup • Ginetta Junior Championship • Porsche Carrera Cup GB Motocycle Rally Hill Climb EnduranceBritcar (Silverstone Britcar 24-Hour) Karting Stock car HistoricsDefunct championships / races are indicated in italics
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