Darwin Crater

False-colour Landsat image of Darwin Crater (arrowed); screen capture from NASA World Wind
Oblique false-colour Landsat image of Darwin Crater (arrowed) draped over digital elevation model; screen capture from NASA World Wind

Darwin Crater is a suspected meteorite impact crater in Western Tasmania, Australia. It is expressed as a rimless circular flat-floored depression, 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) in diameter, within mountainous and heavily forested terrain 26 kilometres (16 mi) south of Queenstown. It lies east of the West Coast Range and just within the Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park.

The crater was discovered by the geologist R. J. Ford in 1972, after a search for the source of Darwin glass,[1] an impact glass found over more than 400 square kilometres (150 sq mi) of southwestern Tasmania.[2] Geophysical investigations and drilling have shown that the crater is filled with up to 230 metres (750 ft) of breccia capped by Pleistocene lake sediments.[3][4] Although definitive proof of an impact origin of the crater is lacking, the impact hypothesis is strongly supported by the relationship of the glass to the crater, as well as the stratigraphy and deformation of the crater-filling material.[4]

If the crater is indeed the source of the glass, the age of Darwin Crater is 816,000 ± 7,000 years—the age of Darwin glass as determined by argon dating methods.[5]

References

  1. ^ Ford, R.J. (1972). "A possible impact crater associated with Darwin glass". Earth and Planetary Science Letters 16 (2): 228–230. Bibcode 1972E&PSL..16..228F. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(72)90194-X. 
  2. ^ Howard, K.T.; Haines, P.W. (2003). "Distribution And Abundance Of Darwin Impact Glass". Third International Conference on Large Meteorite Impacts. http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/largeimpacts2003/pdf/4057.pdf. 
  3. ^ Fudali, R.F.; Ford; Ford, R.J. (1979). "Darwin glass and Darwin crater - A progress report". Meteoritics 14: 283–296. Bibcode 1979Metic..14..283F. 
  4. ^ a b Howard, K.T.; Haines, P.W. (2007). "The geology of Darwin Crater, western Tasmania, Australia". Earth and Planetary Science Letters 260 (1–2): 328–339. Bibcode 2007E&PSL.260..328H. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.06.007. 
  5. ^ Lo, C.H.; Howard, K.T.; Chung, S.L.; Meffre, S. (2002). "Laser-fusion 40Ar/39Ar Ages of Darwin Impact Glass". Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37 (11): 1555–1562. Bibcode 2002M&PS...37.1555L. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2002.tb00810.x. 

Coordinates: 42°18′15″S 145°39′27″E / 42.30417°S 145.6575°E / -42.30417; 145.6575


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