Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic

Infobox Language
name=Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic
nativename=לשניד דינן "Lišānîd Jānān"
states=Israel
region=Jerusalem, originally from Bijil in Iraqi Kurdistan
speakers=20 second-language speakers, effectively extinct
familycolor=Afro-Asiatic
fam2=Semitic
fam3=Central Semitic
fam4=Aramaic
fam5=Eastern Aramaic
fam6=Central
fam7=Northeastern
iso2=arc|iso3=bjf

Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic is a modern Jewish Aramaic language, often called "Neo-Aramaic" or "Judeo-Aramaic". It was originally spoken in three villages near Aqrah in Iraqi Kurdistan. The native name of the language is "Lishanid Janan", which means 'our language', and is similar to names used by other Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects (Lishan Didan, Lishanid Noshan).

Origin and use today

The Jewish inhabitants of a wide area from northern Iraq, eastern Turkey and north western Iran mostly spoke various dialects of modern Aramaic. The turmoil near the end of the First World War and resettlement in Israel in 1951 (when eight families from Bijil moved to the new Jewish state) led to the decline of these traditional languages. This particular and distinct dialect of Jewish Neo-Aramaic was spoken in the villages of Bijil, Barzan and Shahe. It was known as "Bijili" until recently.

The last native speaker of Bijil Neo-Aramaic died in 1998. The remaining second-language speakers are all related and over seventy years of age, and most from Barzan. The first language of these speakers is either Hebrew or Kurdish, and some also speak Arabic or another Neo-Aramaic dialect. Thus, the language is effectively extinct.

Not enough evidence about Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic has been gathered to establish a connection with other Neo-Aramaic dialects. It may be related to Lishanid Noshan, which has clusters around Arbil to the south east of Barzan. There maybe some similarities between Barzani and the subdialect of Lishanid Noshan formerly spoken in the village of Dobe, 50 km north of Arbil. The Sandu dialect of Jewish Neo-Aramaic is quite similar to Barzani. However, studies suggest that it has more in common with Lishana Deni. There is evidence that the language was also spoken in the near-by village of Nerim, but no speaker from that village remains.

There are no known texts written in Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic.

See also

* Aramaic language
* Jewish languages
* Aramaic alphabet

External links

* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bjf Ethnologue report for Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic] .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic — ISO 639 3 Code : bjf ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Neo-Aramaic languages — Neo Aramaic Modern Aramaic Ethnicity: Assyrians Geographic distribution: Iraq, Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey and diaspora Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Northeastern Neo-Aramaic — NENA Geographic distribution: traditionally spoken from the plain of Urmia to the plain of Mosul, in Iran, Turkey and Iraq; now, most speakers are in North America and Israel Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic — ܟܠܕܝܐ Kaldāyâ, ܣܘܼܪܲܝܬ Sōreth Sûret in written Syriac (Madnkhaya script) Pronunciati …   Wikipedia

  • Central Neo-Aramaic — See Northeastern Neo Aramaic for the other languages of the larger group. Central Neo Aramaic Northwestern Neo Aramaic Geographic distribution: Mardin and Diyarbakır provinces in Turkey, Qamishli and al Hasakah in Syria; also in Sweden and… …   Wikipedia

  • Barzani — Barzani, derived from the town of Barzan in Iraqi Kurdistan, may refer to: *The Barzani Kurds of Iraqi Kurdistan *Massoud Barzani The current President of the Kurdistan Regional Government *Mustafa Barzani *Masrour Barzani *Adham Barzani *Ahmed… …   Wikipedia

  • Aramaic language — Not to be confused with the Amharic language. For the people, see Aramaeans. Aramaic Arāmît Pronunciation [arɑmiθ], [arɑmit], [ɑrɑmɑjɑ], [ɔrɔmɔjɔ] Spoken in Ir …   Wikipedia

  • Judeo-Aramaic language — Judæo Aramaic is a collective term used to describe several Hebrew influenced Aramaic and Neo Aramaic languages.HistoryEarly useAramaic, like Hebrew, is a Northwest Semitic language, and the two share many features. From the seventh century BCE,… …   Wikipedia

  • Biblical Aramaic — For the use of Aramaic in the Christian Bible, see Aramaic of Jesus. Biblical Aramaic is the form of the Aramaic language that is used in the books of Daniel, Ezra and a few other places in the Hebrew Bible and should not be confused with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Еврейско-арамейские языки — (иудейско арамейские, иудео арамейские языки) совокупность арамейских языков и диалектов, на которых говорили и писали в еврейских общинах Плодородного Полумесяца начиная с середины I тыс. до н. э. по наше время. Содержание 1 Староарамейский… …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.