Somerset, Kentucky

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Somerset, Kentucky
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = Welcome Home



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Downtown Somerset


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Somerset, Kentucky


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Kentucky
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Pulaski
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Eddie Girdler (Republican)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 29.2
area_land_km2 = 29.2
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 11.3
area_land_sq_mi = 11.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 11352
population_density_km2 = 388.8
population_density_sq_mi = 1007.1

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 296
elevation_ft = 971
latd = 37 |latm = 4 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 84 |longm = 36 |longs = 34 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 42500-42599
area_code = 606
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 21-71688
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0503873
website =
footnotes =

Somerset is a city in Pulaski County, Kentucky, United States. The city population was 11,352 at the 2000 census. The population of the Somerset Micropolitan Statistical Area was 56,217 at the 2000 census.

History

Somerset was first settled in 1798 by Thomas Hansford and several members of the Jasper family and it received its name from Somerset County, New Jersey, the place where some of the settlers once lived. Somerset became the county seat of Pulaski County in 1802 and was incorporated as a city in 1887. A significant Civil War battle was fought at Mill Springs (now "Nancy") about 8 miles west of Somerset, and a museum exists at the site of the battle. The completion of Lake Cumberland in 1950 transformed Somerset from a sleepy rural community into one of the largest recreation centers in Kentucky drawing more than 1.7 million visitors yearly, the bulk of which occurs between the Memorial and Labor Day holidays. Lake Cumberland is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world (101 miles in length, with an average depth of 85 feet and a normal pool containing more than 2 trillion gallons of water). Somerset is also close to Cumberland Falls and the Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area; its tourism industries are, in part, due to its scenic and varied landscape. GR|6.

Geography and Climate

Somerset is located at coor dms|37|4|59|N|84|36|34|W|city (37.082966, -84.609387)GR|1, and the downtown (central) part of the city is at an elevation of around 750-800 feet above sea level. The city is located at the eastern end of Kentucky's "Mississippian Plateau" (or "Pennyroyal"); however, the micropolitan area extends eastward into the "Appalachian Plateau" (or "Eastern Kentucky Coalfields"), and northward to Kentucky's "Outer Bluegrass" region. Thus, the area shows significant variations in landform and scenery.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29.2 km²), of which, 11.3 square miles (29.2 km²) of it is land and 0.09% is water.

Somerset's climate is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 80's and mild during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 30s and 40s. The warmest month of the year is July with an maximum temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The coldest month of the year is January with an average minimum temperature of 25.10 degrees Fahrenheit.

The annual average precipitation at Somerset is 51.08 Inches. Rainfall in is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is May with an average rainfall of 5.17 Inches. Snowfall typically occurs between the months of December and February, though on record as early as November and as late as April.

Demographics

The major demographic differences between the city and the micropolitan area relate to income, housing composition and age. The micropolitan area, as compared to the incorporated city, is more suburban in flavor and has a significantly younger housing stock, a higher income, and contains most of the area's school age population. Over the last 20 years, significant housing growth has occurred along the Fishing Creek tributary of Lake Cumberland, which lies just to the west of the City of Somerset, and along the main body of Lake Cumberland between the City of Burnside and Fishing Creek. Much of the Somerset area housing growth in the last 20 years is decidedly lake-oriented.

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 11,352 people, 4,831 households, and 2,845 families residing within the City of Somerset (proper). The population density for the city proper was 1,007.1 persons per square mile (388.9/km²). A large karst valley occupies the south-central portion of the city, taking up about 25% of the land area; this valley is quasi-industrialized and also contains parks and recreational facilities; most of the population lies to the east and north of this valley in fairly compact and well-kept residential neighborhoods that have a real population density of about 1,800 persons per square mile. There were 5,428 housing units at an average density of 481.5/sq mi (186.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.16% White, 3.66% Black, 0.18% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.26% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population. However, there is a growing influx of immigrants from Mexico and Central America, many of whom are undocumented and not counted in this census.

There were 4,831 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.1% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 18.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the city proper, 20.6% were under the age of 18, 8.5% were in the age cohort from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,362, and the median income for a family was $31,226. Males had a median income of $28,536 versus $20,194 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,048. About 16.4% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Local Economy

Tourism is one of most important economic aspects of Somerset, due to its proximity to Lake Cumberland and several other events that are held throughout the year. Lake Cumberland alone generates approximately $150 million dollars in revenue each year [ [http://www.eppc.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/13EAF40F-359C-4176-9A8B-CF50A9737E04/0/FINALREPORTDraft12AHKV.doc The Governor’s Interagency Services Office for the Lake Cumberland Region 2007-2008 Report ] . Retrieved on 2008-04-06.] . The city also holds the annual [http://www.mastermusiciansfestival.com/ Master Musician's Festival] , which has featured such performers as Sam Bush, Old Crow Medicine Show, Murder By Death, and Nickel Creek. Somerset is home to the [http://www.somernitescruise.com/ Somernites Cruise] , the largest monthly car show in the state. The Battle of Mill Springs took place in nearby Nancy, KY and the reenactments held there often draw large crowds.

Commerce, driven in part by the area's tourism, thrives in Somerset. The city is home to a small mall and several shopping centers. Most of these stores, as well as many restaurants and hotels are located along Highway 27, making up the state's longest stretch of businesses outside of Louisville and Lexington.

Industry also plays a role in the city's economy. Somerset is home to the [http://www.ksdweb.com/valleyoak/index2.html Valley Oak Technology Complex] , a key industrial center in the state. Somerset's location along Lake Cumberland has caused it to become a major houseboat manufacturing center. Both [http://www.sumerset.com Sumerset Houseboats] and [http://www.sharpehouseboat.com Sharpe Houseboats] are located in Somerset. The city also has auto-associated, flooring, wood-associated, and other industries. Somerset has also increasingly been taking on the functions of a major medical center, with many doctor's offices and [http://www.lakecumberlandhospital.com/ Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital] being one of the largest in the state.

The medical community is growing rapidly and continues to provide great opportunities for those in the medical field. Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital is a regional hub for the regions only advanced medical services. Lake Cumberland Regional Hospital is a JACHO accredited hospital with 259 beds [http://www.lakecregional.com/ Hospital & Community Tour]

Local schools

There are several schools in the county, served by two main school systems - Somerset Independent and Pulaski County. Students living within the city limits typically fall under the Somerset Independent school district. The Pulaski County School System contains Pulaski County High School (PCHS) and Southwestern High School, which was built in 1993 to alleviate overcrowding.

There are several other smaller schools, including Science Hill Independent, Somerset Christian School, Saleen Christian Academy. The four main high schools are Southwestern, Pulaski County, Somerset, and Somerset Christian. Standardized school testing is required by state law, and those of the Somerset area are typically in the upper half, comparatively, statewide. There is a local two-year college, Somerset Community and Technical College, part of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS). Somerset Community Technical College offers one of the few Aviation Maintenance Technology programs (Airframe and Powerplant) in the state of Kentucky.

Famous citizens

*John Sherman Cooper - Former Senator and member of the Warren Commission
*Edwin P. Morrow - Kentucky Governor, 1919-1923
*Hal Rogers - District 5 U.S. Representative for the State of Kentucky
*Tommy Lee Wallace - American film producer, director, and screenwriter

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofsomerset.com/ City of Somerset Website]
* [http://www.supersomerset.com/newforums/ Supersomerset.com]
* [http://www.somerset-kentucky.com/ Commonwealth Journal]
* [http://www.spcchamber.com/ Somerset-Pulaski County Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.somersplash.com/ Somersplash Waterpark Website]


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