The Hub, Bronx
The Hub–Third Avenue Business Improvement District (B.I.D.) is the retail heart of the
South Bronx, located where four roads converge: East 149th Street, Willis, Melrose and Third Avenues. [ [http://www.forgotten-ny.com/STREET%20SCENES/hub/hub.html The Hub] ] It is primarily located inside the neighborhood of Melrose but also lines the northern border of Mott Haven. [ [http://www.lehman.edu/vpadvance/artgallery/publicart/neighborhood.htm Bronx Neighborhood Histories] ] The Hub has been called "the Broadway of the Bronx." [ [http://www.therealdeal.net/issues/JULY_2006/1151609191.php Bronx Hub revival gathers steam] ] It is the site of both maximum traffic and architectural density. In configuration, it resembles a miniature Times Square, a spatial "bow-tie" created by the geometry of the street intersections. [ [http://www.sorkinstudio.com/Bronx%20Hub.htm Bronx Hub] ] It is a primary shopping district for Bronx residents, and many new Hip-Hoptrends can be found in the Hub long before they spread to the rest of New York Cityand the world. The area is part of Bronx Community Board 1.
The area is served by the Third Avenue–149th Street station on the
IRT White Plains Road Lineof the New York City Subway.
The Hub is the oldest major shopping locale in the Bronx. [ [http://www.bronxmall.com/commboards/needscb1.html Community Board District 1] , The South Bronx. Accessed
September 23, 2007.] Between 1900 and 1930, the number of Bronx residents increased from 201,000 to 1,265,000. Inhabitants throughout the borough shopped in department stores and boutiques at 149th Street and 3rd Avenue, an area that came to be known in this time as "the Hub". In the 30s the Hub had movie palaces and vaudeville theaters. [ [http://www.bronxhistoricalsociety.org/about/abrieflookatbronx.html A Brief Look at The Bronx] , Bronx Historical Society. Accessed September 23, 2007.]
The Hub today
thumb|300px|right|Merchants_hawk their wares by calling out to the crowd or passing out small
A few decades after it became a national symbol of
urban decay, the Bronx is now home to a rash of new construction projects that are rebuilding neighborhoods that have seen little new construction in half a century. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/19/nyregion/19bronx.html?ex=1300424400&en=db61c40fe1cfe326&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss "Now Booming, Not Burning, the Bronx Fears a Downside"] , " The New York Times", March 19, 2006. Accessed September 23, 2007.] On March 14, 2006, the mayor and other elected officials took part in the symbolic groundbreaking ceremony for the new “Hub Retail and Office Center.” [ [http://www.plannyc.org/project-64-HUB-Retail-and-Office-Center HUB Retail and Office Center] , Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policyat New York University. Accessed September 29, 2007.]
After a year and a half of construction, the HUB Retail and Office Center opened in the summer of 2007. Current tenants include
Staples, Rite Aid, and Forman Mills, a clothing store opening its first New York store in the Bronx. Upcoming tenants include Nine Westand Sleepy's. As a result, the Hub's district is extended to East 156th Street in Melrose.
Its shopping traffic in the Hub generated via foot, car and public transportation. The sidewalks in the Hub are often packed with people. Merchants hawk their wares by calling out to the crowd or passing out small
handbills. Music stores offer a wide selection of Latin music, Hip-Hop, Reggae, and Gospel. Craft stores have knitting and sewing supplies. Local clothing stores such as "Revolution Boutique" compete with major chains like Jimmy Jazzand Foot Locker.
*Bx2: to Kingsbridge Heights or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Grand Concourse)
*Bx4: to Westchester Square (via Westchester Avenue)
*Bx15: to Fordham Plaza or
Manhattanville(via Third Avenue local)
New York Botanical Gardensor Riverbank State Park(via 149th Street–Southern Boulevard)
*Bx21: Westchester Square or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Boston Road)
*Bx41: to Wakefield–241st Street (via Webster Avenue)
*Bx55: to Gun Hill Road (via Third Avenue Limited)
*Third Avenue–149th Street (NYCS White Plains] )
The Hub does not today have a nearby
Metro-North Railroadstation, but in 1902 it was proposed to build a large Grand Union Station near 138th Street [Citation
title = New Grand Union Station proposed for the Bronx
newspaper = New York Times
pages = 25
date = 1902-11-02
url = http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9F03EEDF123DE433A25751C0A9679D946397D6CF] , half a mile from the Hub, which would have been served by many the railroads entering
Manhattanat the time.
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