Little Rock (Cheyenne chief)

Little Rock (in Cheyenne, recorded by the Smithsonian as Hō-hăn-ĭ-no-o′) [cite book | last=Grinnell | first=George Bird |title=The Fighting Cheyennes |origyear=1915 |series=Smithsonian Institutions, Bureau of American Ethnology: Handbook of North American Indians Bulletin 30 |year=1983 |publisher=University of Oklahoma Press |location=Norman |isbn=0806118393 |oclc=37023416 |pages=291 |chapter=The Battle of Washita] [This name may be "Ho'honánoo'o", meaning "Fry-stone," describing heated small stones used in frying, baking, boiling, etc. (c.f. Ojibwe: "asiniibwaan"). The Cheyenne name "Little Rock" itself is "Ho'honahke". (See [http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/song/1147/names/names1.htm Cheyenne Names] by Wayne Leman.)] (ca. 1805-1868) was a council chief of the Wutapiu band of Southern Cheyennes.Hardorff 2006, p. 44.] He was the only council chief who remained with Black Kettle following the Sand Creek massacre of 1864.Greene 2004, pp. 103.]

Little Rock was a signatory of the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867. In August 1868, Little Rock was by Indian agent Edward W. Wynkoop about raids by a large Cheyenne war party on white settlements along the Saline and Solomon in Kansas. Little Rock gave Wynkoop information about those responsible for the raids, which included members of several different Cheyenne bands including that of Black Kettle, and agreed to try to persuade the other Cheyenne chiefs and headmen to surrender the raids' leaders to U.S. authorities, in accordance with the terms of the Medicine Lodge Treaty. In case he was unable to persuade the chiefs and headmen to give up the responsible men, Little Rock asked if Wynkoop would take him and his family under Wynkoop's protection, which Wynkoop agreed to. Bureau of Indian Affairs, Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. Published in U.S. Senate, "Letter of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating in Compliance with the Resolution of the Senate of the 14th ultimo, Information in Relation to the Late Battle of Washita River|". 40th Cong., 3d sess., 1869. S. Exec. Doc. 40. Available wholly or in part in Hoig 1980, pp. 47-50; Custer 1874, pp. 105-107; Greene 2004, pp. 52-53; Hardorff 2006, pp. 45-49.]

With Black Kettle, Little Rock attended a conference at Fort Cobb, Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) with Maj. Gen. William B. Hazen on November 20, 1868, at which Black Kettle sought but was refused permission to come in to Fort Cobb in order to avoid war with the U.S. Army. A week later, in the Battle of Washita River of November 27, 1868, Black Kettle's and Little Rock's camp on the Washita River was attacked at dawn by the 7th U.S. Cavalry Regiment under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer. Little Rock, whose lodge was at the eastern edge of the village, joined with the Cheyenne warrior She Wolf and a visiting Kiowa warrior Trails the Enemy to form a rear guard to protect women and children fleeing downriver from attacking cavalrymen, believed to have been a detachment under Maj. Joel H. Elliott. Little Rock was killed in the action. He was survived by his wife Skunk Woman, his daughter Mo-nah-se-tah (or Me-o-tzi, Spring Grass), his mother, his sister White Buffalo Woman, and another sister. Of these, his mother and his daughter Mo-nah-se-tah were among the 53 women and children taken captive by the 7th Cavalry.

Notes

References

* Custer, George Armstrong. (1874). " [http://books.google.com/books?id=f1ReLxHwN_YC&dq=%22my+life+on+the+plains%22+custer&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=5P9x1dXi85&sig=34Fn6j_ppCTRdr_fi4nvZKX3Pc0 My Life on the Plains: Or Personal Experiences With the Indians.] " New York: Sheldon and Company. Also available online [http://www.kancoll.org/books/custerg/ from Kansas Collection Books] .
* Greene, Jerome A. (2004). "Washita, The Southern Cheyenne and the U.S. Army." Campaigns and Commanders Series, vol. 3. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0806135514.
* Hardorff, Richard G., compiler & editor (2006). "Washita Memories: Eyewitness Views of Custer's Attack on Black Kettle's Village". Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0806137592.
* Hoig, Stan. (1980). " [http://books.google.com/books?id=esuewT_lSwwC&dq=%22the+battle+of+the+washita%22+hoig&printsec=frontcover&source=web&ots=avQxt-3IkB&sig=8mxP1c5ZAyeLy82ltH6obQISgqU The Battle of the Washita: The Sheridan-Custer Indian Campaign of 1867-69.] " Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0803272049. Previously published in 1976 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday). ISBN 0385112742.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Little Rock (disambiguation) — Little Rock may refer to:Places* Little Rock, Arkansas, capital of the U.S. state of Arkansas ** The Little Rock North Little Rock Conway metropolitan area, a U.S. Census defined statistical area ** The Little Rock North Little Rock Pine Bluff… …   Wikipedia

  • Little Rock, Arkansas — Little Rock redirects here. For other uses, see Little Rock (disambiguation). City of Little Rock, Arkansas   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Cheyenne, Wyoming — City of Cheyenne   City   Capitol Ave. in Downtown Cheyenne …   Wikipedia

  • Rock Springs massacre — An illustration of the massacre from an 1886 issue of Harper s Weekly. Location Rock Springs, Wyoming …   Wikipedia

  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument — IUCN Category III (Natural Monument) …   Wikipedia

  • Chief Gall — Gall (c. 1840 ndash; 1895) (Lakota Pizí , [Pronounced as / phi zí /. See Lakota language.] gall bladder ) [cite book| last = Buechel| first = Eugene| coauthors = Paul Manhart| title = Lakota Dictionary: Lakota English/English Lakota| origyear =… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of the Little Bighorn — Coordinates: 45°33′54″N 107°25′44″W / 45.565°N 107.42889°W / 45.565; 107.42889 …   Wikipedia

  • List of 30 Rock characters — 30 Rock is an American television comedy series created by Tina Fey that airs on NBC. The series takes place behind the scenes of a fictional live sketch comedy series depicted as airing on NBC; the name 30 Rock refers to the address of the GE… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Washita River — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Washita River partof=the Indian Wars caption= Battle of Washita from Harper s Weekly , December 19, 1868 date=November 27, 1868 place=Roger Mills County, Oklahoma result=U.S. victory combatant1=… …   Wikipedia

  • George Armstrong Custer — Custer redirects here. For other uses, see Custer (disambiguation). George Armstrong Custer …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.