- Qazi Motahar Hossain
Infobox revolution biography
name=Qazi Motahar Hossain
30 July 1897– 9 October- 1981
30 July, 1897
Kushtia( British India)
dateofdeath=death date and age|1981|10|09|1897|7|30
Muslim Shahitya Samaj
Qazi Motahar Hossain ( _bn. কাজী মোতাহার হোসেন) is a famous
Bangladeshiauthor, scientist, statistician and journalist. He is also renowned for his unique style of literature. He had intimate friendship with poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, Kazi Abdul Odudand many other eminent figures. He is well known as a chessgenius.
Qazi Motahar Hossain was born in his mothers village Lakshmipur in the district of
Kushtiain 1897. His father was Qazi Gaohar Uddin Ahmed and mother was Tasirunnesa. He passed his childhood in his fathers village Bagmara in Faridpur. He received his earliest education from his father and from the village primary school.cite book
first =Qazi Motahar
title = Smritikatha
publisher =Naba Yug Prakashani
isbn = ]
He entered Kushtia Zilla School for Secondary studies.Among the teachers he specially recalled of Jyotindranath Roy and Jatindra Mohan Biswas. Hossain learnt
Algebra, Geometry, Conic sectionand Mechanicsfrom Mr. Jyotindranath Roy. Mr. Roy introduced the Mechanicscourse in the school solely for Hossain as he was the only student of Mechanics. In 1915 he passed Entrance from there.
After passing entrance Mr. Hossain admitted himself at the
Presidency College, Calcuttafor I Sc course. There he was highly impressed by eminent teachers like Praphulla Chandra Ghosh (English), Mr. Sterling (English), Praphulla Chandra Roy ( Chemistry). But unfortunately due to an unpleasant experience he transferred himself to Rajshahi Collegein the middle of academic year. Here he also found many good teachers. Beside his studies Hossain showed considerable skill and interest in sports such as football, Tennisetc. In 1917 he passed I Sc from there.
Motahar Hossain choose
Dhaka Collegeto take higher studies in Mathematicsand Physics. In 1917 he arrived Dhakaand got admitted to Dhaka College.Here he found W A Jenkins ( Physics), Wrangler Bhupati Mohan Sen ( Mathematics), Bankim Das Banerjee ( Mathematics) and others as teachers. In 1919 he passed B A (Hons.) from here.
In 1920 he married Sajeda Khatun with whom he passed the long eventful course of his life. Later their children were famous peoples, they are
Qazi Anwar Hussain(famous author), Jobaida Mirza, Sanjida Khatun(author and singer).
He passed M A in
Physicsin 1921 from Dhaka Collegeunder Calcutta University. Before his M A examination he got important help from Satyen Bosewho came to Dhakain 1921 as a reader of Physicsof newly established Dhaka University.
With the encouragement and stimulation of
Satyen Bosehe went to Calcuttain order to study Statistics. This was a fresh new subject in the subcontinent until then. Great statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobishad just established Indian Statistical Institutein Calcuttato introduce the new subject to Indian students. Hossain was taught the subject with great care of Mr. Mahalanobis. In 1938 he got a Diploma in Statisticsfrom ISI.
He died in
Dhakaon 9th October, 1981. Whole nation mourned deeply at his death.
A postage stamp was published by "Bangladesh Postal Department" to respect his contributions.
Qazi Motahar Hossain joined the newly established
Dhaka Universityin 1921 as a demonstrator of Physicswhile he was a student of M A at Dhaka College. In 1923 he was promoted to assistant-lecturer. In 1948 StatisticsM A was established with his own effort and he joined the department. He retired from Dhaka Universityin 1961. In 1964 he founded the [http://www.univdhaka.edu/department/index.php?bodyid=ISR Institute of Statistical Reasearch and Training] and since then it is considered as the countries leading school of Statistics. From 1964-1966 he served as the founder-director of the institute. He retired from the position of director in 1966 due to old age. Dhaka Universityappointed him as honorary Professor Emeritus in 1969.
Motahar Hossain also showed unusual skill in the game of
chess. For seven times he was the all Indiachess champion. He is known as the "chess-guru" of Bangladesh as he has popularized the game to his generation. Many of his pupils later flourished in the game.
In 1920's and 1930's he became involved with "Buddhir Mukti Andolon" (Freedom of thought movement) with his intimate friend
Kazi Abdul Odudand others as a convener and editor of the organizations official proceeding named "Shikha".cite book
coauthors =Abdul Mannan Syed, Shofiul Alam, Kobir Uddin Ahmed Mazumder
title = Uchcho Maddhomik Bangla Shonkolon
publisher =National Curriculum and Textbook Board
date =July 1998
isbn = ]
In 1975 after the liberation of Bangladesh he became the national professor of Bangladesh. Until his death in 1981 he decorated the position.
Hossain wrote many books regarding science, religion, culture and music. Some of his books are:
*Nazrul Kabya Porichiti (Introduction to Nazrul`s Poetry) (1955)
*Gonit Shastrer Itihas (History of
*Alok Bigyan (
*Nirbachito Probondho (Collected Essays) (1976)
He is specially remembered for his implementation of
logic, lucidity and simplicity of language and clarity in his writings.His first published book "Shancharan" was praised by Rabindranath Tagore. Bangla Academyhas published his complete works in four volumes.
He had also given many speeches in many occasions and written many biographical notes.A collection of his eighteen biographical essays was published in 2004 under the title "Smritikatha" by Qazi Motahar Hossain Foundation.The foundation has also reprinted his "Gonit Shastrer Itihas" in the same year.
Throughout his life Motahar Hossain achieved many prestigious awards and was honoured by many person and organizations.Some prizes and honours he was conferred are: [cite book
first =Qazi Motahar
title = Gonit Shastrer Itihas
date =February 1970;reprint July 2004
isbn = ]
Bangla AcademyShahitya Purashkar (Bangla Academy Literary Award)(1966).
*Honorary D Sc from
*Nasir Uddin Swarna Padak (Golden Plaque) (1977).
*Swadhinota Dibas Purashkar (
Independence Day Award) (1979).
*Mukta Dhara Shahitya Purashkar (1980)
* [http://www.univdhaka.edu/department/index.php?bodyid=ISR Institute of Statistical Research and Training] Home Page
* [http://www.bangladeshpost.gov.bd/Philately/ViewStampDet.asp?StampSerialNo=0052&PublicationYear=1982&SubID=01&YearSerialNo=0002 Postage Stamp representing Qazi Motahar Hossain] by Bangladesh Post Office.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Qazi Anwar Hussain — Qazi Anwar Husain or Vidyut Mitra (pen Name) or Shamsuddin Nawab (pen Name) is an author, publisher and translator from Bangladesh.FamilyQazi Anwar Hussain s father was a well known scientist and author, Qazi Motahar Hossain, a national… … Wikipedia
List of Bengali language authors (alphabetical) — This article provides an alphabetical list of Bengali language authors. For a chronological list, see List of Bengali language authors.( Awards Prizes : N= Nobel, J= Jnanpith, S= Sahitya Akademi, R= Rabindra, B=Bankim, A= Ananda, BS=Bibhuti… … Wikipedia
List of Bangladesh-related topics — This page lists articles on Wikipedia that are related to Bangladesh, Bengal and Bangladesh/Bengali culture. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the… … Wikipedia
List of Bengali language authors (chronological) — This is a Chronological list of Bengali language authors (regardless of nationality or religion), by date of birth. Alphabetical order is used only when chronological order cannot be ascertained.The list also marks the winners of major… … Wikipedia
Independence Day Award — Infobox award name = Independence Day Award ( bn. স্বাধীনতা দিবস পুরস্কার) current awards = imagesize = 180px caption = The gold medal description = recognition of substantial contribution to any fields in national life. presenter = Government of … Wikipedia
List of Bengalis — This article provides lists of famous and notable Bengali people, from India or Bangladesh, or people with Bengali ancestry. Academics *Ashis Nandy, Political Psychologist *Andre Béteille, Sociologist *Dipesh Chakrabarty, Historian *Gayatri… … Wikipedia
Bangla Academy — ( bn. বাংলা একাডেমী), established on 3 December 1955, is the national academy for promoting Bangla language in Bangladesh. The main office of the organisation is located at the Burdwan House on the campus of the University of Dhaka, beside Ramna… … Wikipedia
Rajshahi College — (Bangla: রাজশাহী কলেজ Rajshahi Kôlej ) is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Bangladesh. Established in 1873 in Rajshahi city, it is said to be the third oldest college in Bangladesh after Dhaka College and Chittagong College.… … Wikipedia
Mir Masoom Ali — Dr. Mir Masoom Ali George and Frances Ball Distinguished Professor of Statistics Emeritus and Professor Emeritus of Mathematical Sciences Ball State University, Indiana, USA Born February 1, 1937(1937 02 01) Patuakhali, British India (Presently … Wikipedia
Sheba Prokashoni — (Bangla: সেবা প্রকাশনী) is a well known publishing house in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was founded by Qazi Anwar Hussain. Sheba s books have always enjoyed great popularity among young Bangladeshi readers, and it is particularly notable for its… … Wikipedia