Scrutiny

Scrutiny (Fr. "scrutin", Late Lat. "scrutinium", from "scrutari", to search or examine thoroughly) is a careful examination or inquiry (often implying the search for a likely mistake or failure). It has a particular meaning in the Roman Catholc Church.

The word is specifically applied in the early Roman Catholic Church to the examination of the catechumens or those under instruction in the faith. They were taught the creed and the Lord's Prayer, examined therein, and exorcized prior to baptism. The days of scrutiny varied at different periods from three to seven. From about the end of the 12th century, when it became usual to baptize infants soon after their birth instead of at stated times (Easter and Pentecost), the ceremony of scrutiny was incorporated with that of the actual baptism.

Scrutiny is also a term applied to a method of electing a pope in the Catholic Church, in contradistinction to two other methods, acclamation and accession. In the law of elections, scrutiny is the careful examination of votes cast after the unsuccessful candidate has lodged a petition claiming the seat, and alleging that he has the majority of legal votes. Each vote is dealt with separately, notice being given beforehand by one party to the other of the votes objected to and the grounds of objection.


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  • Scrutiny — • Definitions for the term as variously employed in canon law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Scrutiny     Scrutiny     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Scrutiny — Scru ti*ny, n. [L. scrutinium, fr. scrutari to search carefully, originally, to search even to the rags, fr. scruta trash, trumpery; perhaps akin to E. shred: cf. AS. scrudnian to make scrutiny.] 1. Close examination; minute inspection; critical… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scrutiny — scru·ti·ny / skrüt ən ē/ n pl nies: searching study or inquiry; specif: judicial investigation of the constitutionality of a statutory classification of persons under the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution see also intermediate 2,… …   Law dictionary

  • scrutiny — UK US /ˈskruːtɪni/ noun [U] ► the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it: be subjected to/come under scrutiny »The figures are likely to come under close scrutiny …   Financial and business terms

  • Scrutiny — Scru ti*ny, v. t. To scrutinize. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scrutiny —   [ skruːtɪnɪ; englisch »Musterung«, »Prüfung«], einflussreiche englische Literatur und Kulturzeitschrift, gegründet 1932 von Lionel Charles Knights (* 1906). Sie stand der Cambridger Kritikerschule um F. R. Leavis nahe, der zusammen mit seiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scrutiny — early 15c., a vote to choose someone to decide a question, from L.L. scrutinium a search, inquiry (in M.L., a mode of election by ballot ), from L. scrutari to examine, search (as through trash), from scruta (pl.) trash, rags (see SHRED (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • scrutiny — *examination, scanning, inspection, audit (see under SCRUTINIZE) Analogous words: investigation, research, probe, *inquiry, inquisition: surveying or survey, observing or observation, viewing or view (see corresponding verbs at SEE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • scrutiny — [n] close examination analysis, audit, close up, eagle eye*, exploration, inquiry, inspection, investigation, long hard look*, perlustration, perusal, review, scan, search, sifting, study, surveillance, survey, tab*, the eye*, view; concepts… …   New thesaurus

  • scrutiny — ► NOUN (pl. scrutinies) ▪ close and critical observation or examination. ORIGIN Latin scrutinium, from scrutari sort rubbish , later to search …   English terms dictionary

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