University of Cambridge Godwin Laboratory
The Godwin Laboratory is a
researchfacility of the University of Cambridge. It was originally set up to investigate radiocarbon datingand its applications, and was one of the first laboratories to determine a radiocarbon calibration curve. With the late Professor Sir Nicholas Shackleton in charge, the focus of research shifted to marine isotoperecords, which document changes in the size of polar ice sheets and temperature changes. This research helped to establish the Milankovitch Theory as the most plausible explanation of glacial/interglacial changes over the past million years, and was continued to develop much more extensive geological timescales, covering the last 30 million years, on the basis of this hypothesis. Other areas researched by members of the laboratory include pollenrecords and tree rings as a proxy for past climate. The laboratory changed principle allegiance from the Department of Plant Sciences to the Department of Earth Sciences around 1995.
In 2005, after Nick Shackleton's retirement, the laboratory was incorporated into the building housing the Department of Earth Sciences, where it continues to operate. It is part of the inter-departmental Godwin Institute for
QuaternaryResearch, a loose collection of Cambridge University research facilities and workers focused on research particularly addressing the history of the last 1.8 million years.
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