- Norway lobster
image_width = 250px
name = Norway lobster
subphylum = Crustacea
genus = "Nephrops" [Several other species formerly included in the genus "Nephrops" are now included in the genus "
genus_authority = Leach, 1814
species = "N. norvegicus"
binomial = "Nephrops norvegicus"
binomial_authority = (Linnaeus, 1758)
The Norway lobster, "Nephrops norvegicus", (also called Dublin Bay prawn, langoustine or scampo), is a slim, orange-pink
lobsterwhich grows up to 24 cm long (9-10 in). [cite web |url=http://www.soortenbank.nl/soorten.php?soortengroep=duikgids&record=Nephrops+norvegicus |title=Noorse kreeft — "Nephrops norvegicus" |publisher= SoortenBank.nl|accessmonthday=August 24 |accessyear=2006] It is found in the north-eastern Atlantic Oceanand North Seaas far north as Icelandand northern Norway, and south to Portugal. It is not common in the Mediterranean Seaexcept in the Adriatic Sea, [ Alan Davidson, "Mediterranean Seafood"] notably the north Adriatic. [cite web |url=http://www.faoadriamed.org/html/Species/NephropsNorvegicus.html |title="Nephrops norvegicus" (Linnaeus, 1758) |work=AdriaMed |publisher= Food and Agriculture Organization]
Norway lobsters are solitary
predators, feeding on other animals such as worms and fish. [cite web|url=http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/tan/x5908E/x5908e01.htm|title=Processing Norway lobsters |publisher= Food and Agriculture Organization|accessmonthday=March 18 |accessyear=2007 |author=J. C. Early]
In December 1995, the commensal "Symbion pandora" was discovered attached to the mouthparts of a Norway lobster, and was found to be the first member of a new
phylum, the Cycliophora. [cite journal | quotes=no |author=Funch, P. & R. M. Kristensen |year=1995 |title=Cycliophora is a new phylum with affinities to Entoprocta and Ectoprocta |journal=Nature |volume=378 |pages=711–714 |url=http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v378/n6558/abs/378711a0.html |doi=10.1038/378711a0 |format=abstract]
The tail is muscular and is frequently eaten by humans, often under the name "
scampi." Norway lobster is eaten on special occasions in Spainand Portugal, where it is less expensive than the European lobster. [cite web |title=Spain Annual Seafood Report |publisher= American Embassy, Madrid |date= 1995-09-15|author-Diego Pazos |url=http://www.aquanic.org/publicat/govagen/fas/sp5039.htm]
The Norway lobster is an important species for fisheries, being caught mostly by
trawling. Around 60,000 tonnes are caught annually, half of it in the United Kingdom's waters. [cite web |url=http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/species?fid=2647 |title="Nephrops norvegicus" |publisher=FAO: Fisheries Global Information System(FIGIS) |date= 2004-02-26]
Discards from "Nephrops norvegicus" fishery may account for up to 37% of the energy requirements of certain marine
scavengers, such as the hagfish" Myxine glutinosa". [cite journal | quotes=no |title=Importance of discards from the English "Nephrops norvegicus" fishery in the North Sea to marine scavengers |journal= Marine Ecology— Progress Series |volume=313 |pages=215–226 |year=2006 |url=http://www.cefas.co.uk/publications/publication-abstract.aspx?abstract=4321 |format=abstract |author=Catchpole, T. L., C. L. J. Frid & T. S. Gray |doi=10.3354/meps313215] Boats involved in "Nephrops" fishery also catch a number of fish species such as plaice and sole, and it is thought that without that revenue, "Nephrops" fishery would be economically unviable. [cite journal | quotes=no |title=A study of the options for utilization of bycatch and discards from marine capture fisheries: 9.1.2 "Nephrops" |author=Ivoe Clucas |year=1997 |journal=FAO Fisheries Circular |volume=No. 928 |pages=FIIU/C928 |url=http://www.fao.org/docrep/W6602E/w6602E09.htm]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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