The most common etymology is that meaning
meadow("larre") of the he-goat("aker"). An alternative explanation could be that it originally was "alkelarre", "alka" being a local name for the herb Dactilis hispanica. In this case, the first etymology would have been a manipulation of the Inquisition [J. Dueso, Brujería en el País Vasco. Orain, 1996. ISBN 84-89077-55-X] .
Nevertheless the black he-Goat or "Akerbeltz" is known in
Basque mythologyto be an attribute of goddess Mari and is found in a Roman age slab as a votive dedication: "Aherbelts Deo" (to the god Aherbelts) (see: Aquitanian language).
Places called Akelarre
*Akelarre: a field of
*Akelarrenlezea: a large cave of
Zugarramurdi( Navarre). Actually the witches met outside the cave in the place of Berroskoberro.
Other expressive names used for sabbat meeting places in Basque culture include:
*"Eperlanda": partridges' field (in
*"Bekatu-larre": sinful meadow (in Ziordi, Navarre)
*"Sorgintxulo": witches hole, a cave in
Hernani( Guipuscoa). There is another Sorginzulo in Zegamaand still another one in Ataun, both in Guipuscoa.
*"Dantzaleku": dancing place, in Ataun.
*"Atsegin Soro": pleasure orchard. This was the name by which witches themselves called the field of Matxarena in
Errenteria(Guipuscoa), according to inquisitorial records.
*"Basajaunberro": site of
Basajaun(the wild man of the woods), in Auritz (Navarre).
*"Sorginerreka": witches' creek, in
*"Edar Iturri": Beautiful Spring, also in Tolosa.
In 1610, the
Spanish Inquisitiontribunal of Logroñoinitiated a large witch-hunt in Navarre that ended with 12 supposed witches burnt at the stake(5 of them symbolically, as they had been killed by torture earlier). It was possibly as a result of these major trials that the term "akelarre" became synonymous with the word "sabbat" and spread into common parlance in both Basque and Spanish.
*"Brujería en el País Vasco", José Dueso, Orain S.A., 1996. ISBN 84-89077-55-X
*"Guía del Akelarre Vasco", José Dueso, ROGER Ed., 2000. ISBN 84-8490-001-0
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Akelarre — is Basque for meadow of the he goat can mean: * a meadow in Zugarramurdi * Akelarre (witchcraft), Basque and Spanish ( aquelarre ) name for sabbath. * Akelarre (cipher), a block cipher * Aquelarre, a former Argentinian rock group. * Akelarre… … Wikipedia
Witchcraft — For other uses, see Witchcraft (disambiguation). Witch redirects here. For other uses, see Witch (disambiguation). The classic image of the witch astride a besom broom … Wikipedia
Witchcraft and divination in the Hebrew Bible — This article discusses the Hebrew Bible. See Christian views on witchcraft for Christian interpretations. Various forms of witchcraft and divination are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, generally with a disapproving tone. The masoretic text of the… … Wikipedia
European witchcraft — For other uses, see Witchcraft (disambiguation). Hans Baldung Grien s Three Witches, c. 1514 European Witchcraft is witchcraft and magic that is practised primarily in the locality of Europe. Contents … Wikipedia
Contemporary witchcraft — This article is about contemporary witchcraft, including, but not limited to, Wicca. Contemporary witchcraft refers to many different types of witchcraft practices of the 21st century. One of the most widely known witchcraft practices is Wicca, a … Wikipedia
Basque witch trials — Francisco de Goya s Witches Sabbat, 1798 The Basque witch trials of the 17th century represent the most ambitious attempt at rooting out witchcraft ever undertaken by the Spanish Inquisition. The trial of the Basque witches at Logroño, near… … Wikipedia
Sorginak — (radical: sorgin , sing. (nom. int.): sorgina ) are the assistants of the goddess Mari in Basque mythology. It is also the Basque name for witches or pagan priestesses (though they could also be male), being difficult to discern between the… … Wikipedia
Witches' Sabbath — The Witches Sabbath or Sabbat is a supposed meeting of those who practice witchcraft, Satanism, or other rites. European records tell of innumerable cases of persons being accused or tried for taking part in Sabbat gatherings, from the Middle… … Wikipedia
Cunning folk in Britain — A model of a nineteenth century cunning woman in her house, at the Museum of Witchcraft, Boscastle in England. The cunning folk in Britain were professional or semi professional practitioners of magic active from the Medieval period through to… … Wikipedia
Malleus Maleficarum — For the album, see Malleus Maleficarum (album). For the 2006 English action/horror film by James Eaves, see The Witches Hammer. For the 1969 Czech film by Otakar Vávra, see Witchhammer. For the Supernatural episode, see Malleus Maleficarum… … Wikipedia