Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar

Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar (died in 1087) ( _ar. أبو بكر بن عمر) was an Al-Murabitoon ruler. He was appointed General of the Al-Murabitoon movement by its leader Abdallah ibn Yasin on the death of his brother Yahya ibn Ibrahim in 1056 . He captured Sūs and its capital Aghmat in southern Morocco in 1057, and became leader of the Murabitūn on the death of Ibn Yasin in battle with the Berghwata Berbers in 1059. He married the wealthiest woman in Aghmat, Zaynab an-Nafzawiyyat, and began to found a new capital at Marrakech in 1070. On being recalled to the Sahara in 1071 to put down a rebellion, he left control of the Sūs to his cousin Yusuf ibn Tashfin while his son Ismail was given charge of Sijilmassa. He divorced Zaynab before he left and advised her to marry Yusuf, knowing that she was not suited to a life of jihad in the Sahara.

After suppressing the rebellion, he wanted to return to take up his former position. However, Yusuf had taken a liking to power. Acting on Zaynab's advice Yusuf was able to turn back Abu-Bakr using diplomacy rather than force. As a courtesy to his former leader, Yusuf kept Abu-Bakr's name on the Al-Murabitoon coinage until his death.

Abu-Bakr returned to the Sahara. He is said to have attacked ancient Ghana in 1076 and is often credited with initiating the spread of Islam on the southern periphery of the Sahara [However, there is considerable controversy about this (see [http://www.uta.fi/~hipema/Venus.htm this review article] ). Even before Abu-Bakr's time, Muslim traders had already propagated Islam over much of the south of the Sahara.] . Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar died shortly after receiving news of Yusuf Ibn Tashfin's victory at battle of az-Zallaqah near Badajoz (in modern Spain), in 1087.

A leader of remarkable ability, he fused his tribes with a religious reform movement; his remarkable tolerance of Yusuf ibn Tashfin's insubordination preserved the infant Al-Murabitoon state and permitted its rapid expansion into the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) and most of North Africa as well.



*Ibn Idhari, "Al-bayan al-mughrib" Part III, annotated Spanish translation by A. Huici Miranda, Valencia, 1963.
* N. Levtzion & J.F.P. Hopkins, "Corpus of early Arabic sources for West African history", Cambridge University Press, 1981, ISBN 0521224225 (reprint: Markus Wiener, Princeton, 2000, ISBN 1-55876-241-8). Contains English translations of extracts from medieval works dealing with the Almoravids; the selections cover some (but not all) of the information above.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abu Bakr ibn Umar — (arabisch ‏أبو بكر بن عمر‎, DMG Abū Bakr b. ʿUmar; † 1087) war 1056 1087 Führer der Almoraviden. Abu Bakr ibn Umar war der Bruder von Yahya ibn Umar, dem Führer der Lamtuna, einem Sanhadscha Stamm in der westlichen Sahara. Als der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakr Ibn Umar — (Abu Bekr ibn Omar, Abu Bakr Ibn Omar o Abou Bakr Ben Omar), en árabe أبو بكر بن عمر, (muerto hacia 1088) era jefe de los Almorávides. Era originario de la tribu bereber de los Lemtuna, que formaban parte de la confederación Sanhaja, más conocida …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abu Bakr Ibn Omar — (en arabe : أبو بكر بن عمر) aussi appelé Abou Dardai (mort vers 1088) était un chef et Roi Almoravide. Il est originaire de la tribu berbère des Lemtuna, faisant partie de la confédération Sanhadja, la plus puissante des tribus berbères. Il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad — (reigned 1525 1526) was a sultan of Adal. Pankhurst credits Abu Bakr with founding the city of Harar, [Richard Pankhurst, History of Ethiopian Towns (Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1982), p. 49.] which he made his military headquarters in… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Hazm — ( ar. أبو بكر بن محمد بن حزم) (d. 120/737) was a 8th century Sunni Islamic scholar [http://thetruereligion.org/modules/wfsection/article.php?articleid=259 page=10] He is among those who compiled hadiths at Umar II’s behest.… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakr (name) — Abu Bakr is a male Arabic name that means Father of Bakr , usually used after Abu Bakr, the first Sunni Muslim Caliph. Other transliterations include Abu Bakar, Abubakar or Abu Bekr.Bakr is a given name in Arabic and it means the firstborn child… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakr (Begriffsklärung) — Abu Bakr ist der Name mehrerer muslimischer Herrscher: Abu Bakr (632–634), erster Kalif und Nachfolger des Propheten Muhammad Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al Razi (864–930), persischer Arzt, Naturwissenschaftler, Philosoph und Schriftsteller… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakr (Name) — Abu Bakr ist ein männlicher Vorname und auch ein Familienname. Namensträger Abu Bakr (632–634), erster Kalif und Nachfolger des Propheten Muhammad Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al Razi (864–925), persischer Arzt, Naturwissenschaftler, Philosoph… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah — Abu Ubaidah redirects here. For other uses, see Abu Ubaidah (disambiguation). Aamir Tomb of Abu Ubaidah in Balqa Governorate, Jor …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Yahya Abu Bakr — ibn Abdalhaqq (arabisch ‏أبو يحيى أبو بكر بن عبد الحق‎, DMG Abū Yaḥyā Abū Bakr b. ʿAbd al Ḥaqq; † 1258) war der erste Sultan der Meriniden in Marokko (1244–1258). Nachdem die Meriniden schon seit Beginn des 13. Jahrhunderts mit den Almohaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.