Andronicus of Rhodes
Andronicus of Rhodes (lived c.
60 BC), was an ancient Greekphilosopher from Rhodeswho was also the eleventh scholarchof the Peripatetics. [Ammonius, "In de Int." 5.24]
He was at the head of the Peripatetic school at
Rome, about 58 BC, and was the teacher of Boethus of Sidon, with whom Strabostudied. [Strabo, xiv.; Ammonius, "in Aristot. Categ.".] We know little more of the life of Andronicus, but he is of special interest in the history of philosophy, from the statement of Plutarch, [Plutarch, "Sulla" c. 26] that he published a new edition of the works of Aristotleand Theophrastus, which formerly belonged to the library of Apellicon, and were brought to Romeby Sulla with the rest of Apellicon's library in 84 BC. Tyranniocommenced this task, but apparently did not do much towards it. [Comp. Porphyry, "Vit. Plotin." c. 24; Boethius, "ad Aristot. de Interpret."] The arrangement which Andronicus made of Aristotle's writings seems to be the one which forms the basis of our present editions and we are probably indebted to him for the preservation of a large number of Aristotle's works.
Andronicus wrote a work upon Aristotle, the fifth book of which contained a complete list of the philosopher's writings, and he also wrote commentaries upon the "Physics", "Ethics", and "Categories". None of these works is extant. Two treatises are sometimes erroneously attributed to him, one "On Emotions", the other a commentary on Aristotle's "Ethics" (really by
Constantine Palaeocappain the 16th century, or by John Callistusof Thessalonica).
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