- Horniman Circle Gardens
The Horniman Circle Gardens is a large park in
South Mumbai, Indiawhich encompasses an area of 12,081 square yards (10,101 m²). It is situated in the Fort district of Mumbai, and is surrounded by office complexes housing the country's premier banks. Designed to be a large open space with grand buildings in the middle of the walled city, the area had been known as "Bombay Greens" in the 18th century.
In 1842, the area had been just a dump of
coconutshells and debris. The Police Commissioner, Charles Forjett, thought of converting the Green into a circle surrounded by buildings. He was supported by governors Lord Elphinstoneand Sir Bartle Frère. The garden was laid out in 1869 and completed in 1872 with well laid out walkways and trees planted all around. The whole complex was then renamed "Elphinstone Circle" after the Governor, Lord John Elphinstone. An ornamental fountain was placed in the centre, but it was replaced by a modern art decoiron pipes design.
The park was a favourite social venue of the Parsi community. In the pre-independence era, a band used to perform there every evening. The gardens overlook the
Asiatic Society of Bombay, a key landmark of the city.
Following India's independence in 1947, the area was renamed after Benjamin Horniman, editor of the "
Bombay Chronicle", who supported Indian independence.
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