Medicine Lodge, Kansas

Medicine Lodge, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Detailed map of Medicine Lodge, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barber
Founded 1873
Incorporated 1879
Area
 – Total 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 – Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,496 ft (456 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 – Total 2,009
 – Density 1,674.2/sq mi (646.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67104
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-45500[2]
GNIS feature ID 0470446[3]
Website City website

Medicine Lodge is the most populous city in and the county seat of Barber County, Kansas, United States.[4] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,009.[1]

Contents

History

19th century

The particular medicine lodge, mystery house or sacred tabernacle from which the Medicine Lodge River received its name was in reality an arbor-like shelter of tree trunks and leafy branches which was erected by the Kiowa people for the celebration of their annual sun dance in the summer of 1866. It was located in the valley of the Medicine Lodge River, several miles below the present town of Medicine Lodge, which is at the mouth of Elm Creek. In their own language, the Kiowa people called this stream A-ya-dalda P’a, meaning "Timber-hill River." [5] The Kiowa had considered the site sacred due to the high content of Epsom salts in the river.[6]

The Medicine Lodge Treaty was a set of three treaties signed between the United States of America and the Kiowa, Comanche, Plains Apache, Southern Cheyenne, and Southern Arapaho in October 1867. The site of the Peace Council camp was about three miles above that of the future town and on the same side of the river.[5] A Peace Treaty Pageant, first presented in 1927 in an outdoor amphitheater on a quarter section of Kansas prairie, commemorates this significant event in Western history.[7]

Settlers led by a man named John Hutchinson founded the town of Medicine Lodge north of the confluence of Elm Creek and the Medicine Lodge River in February 1873.[8] The community grew rapidly with a hotel, stores, and a post office established within a year.[8]

In 1874, in response to Native raids in the region, residents and the state militia constructed a stockade. A group of Osage killed three settlers within a few miles of the compound, but no direct attack on the fortifications occurred.[9] Medicine Lodge was incorporated as a city in 1879.[8]

Temperance activist Carrie Nation launched her crusade against the sale of alcohol while living in Medicine Lodge in 1900.[10] Her home and a reproduction of the 1873 stockade are open to the public.[11]

Geography

Medicine Lodge is located at 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111 (37.284352, -98.580977) in south-central Kansas in the Red Hills region of the Great Plains.[12] The city sits immediately north of the confluence of the Medicine Lodge River and Elm Creek. The city is on the northeast side of the river. Elm Creek flows south around the eastern and southern sides of the city. A tributary of Elm Creek, which flows south through Medicine Lodge, has been dammed immediately north of the city to form a reservoir, Barber County State Lake.

The city is located at the junction of U.S. Routes 160 and 281.[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land.

Climate

Medicine Lodge has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature in Medicine Lodge is 57.3 °F (14 °C), and the average yearly precipitation is 26.2 inches (660 mm).[14] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and June is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Medicine Lodge was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936; the coldest temperature recorded was -22 °F (-30 °C) in 1905.[15]

Climate data for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
91
(33)
98
(37)
100
(38)
106
(41)
113
(45)
115
(46)
118
(48)
113
(45)
100
(38)
90
(32)
85
(29)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 43
(6)
50
(10)
59
(15)
69
(21)
78
(26)
88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
84
(29)
72
(22)
57
(14)
46
(8)
69.3
(20.7)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
22
(−6)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
53
(12)
63
(17)
67
(19)
66
(19)
57
(14)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
42.8
(6.0)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−22
(−30)
−7
(−22)
14
(−10)
20
(−7)
39
(4)
47
(8)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
9
(−13)
0
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−22
(−30)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.72
(18.3)
0.97
(24.6)
2.50
(63.5)
2.70
(68.6)
3.93
(99.8)
4.08
(103.6)
3.03
(77)
3.06
(77.7)
2.47
(62.7)
2.34
(59.4)
1.84
(46.7)
0.87
(22.1)
28.51
(724.2)
Source: The Weather Channel[15]

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 373
1890 1,095 193.6%
1900 917 −16.3%
1910 1,229 34.0%
1920 1,305 6.2%
1930 1,655 26.8%
1940 1,870 13.0%
1950 2,288 22.4%
1960 3,072 34.3%
1970 2,545 −17.2%
1980 2,384 −6.3%
1990 2,453 2.9%
2000 2,193 −10.6%
2010 2,009 −8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

Medicine Lodge's population was estimated to be 2,036 in the year 2006, a decrease of 147, or -6.7%, over the previous six years.[16]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,193 people, 922 households, and 609 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,823.7 people per square mile (705.6/km²). There were 1,085 housing units at an average density of 902.3 per square mile (349.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.08% White, 0.36% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 922 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,262, and the median income for a family was $41,053. Males had a median income of $30,319 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,231. About 7.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Medicine Lodge has a mayor-council form of government. The city council consists of five members.[17]

Education

USD 254 Barber County North provides public primary and secondary education with two schools in Medicine Lodge: Medicine Lodge Grade School (Grades Pre-K-6) and Medicine Lodge Junior-Senior High School (7-12).[18]

Transportation

U.S. Route 281, which runs north-south, and U.S. Route 160, which runs east-west, intersect in the southwest corner of the city.

Medicine Lodge Airport, which hosts general aviation, is located approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southeast of the city.

Medicine Lodge is the western terminus of the Medicine Lodge line of the V&S Railway.[19] The rail line runs northwest-southeast through the southwestern part of the city.

Media

Print

Newspapers

  • The Barber County Index, semi-weekly[20]
  • The Gyp Hill Premiere, weekly[21]

Radio

The following radio stations are licensed to Medicine Lodge:

FM

Frequency Callsign[22] Format[23] Notes
91.5 KSNS Contemporary Christian -
101.7 KREJ Christian -

Culture

Triennially, Medicine Lodge holds a pageant to commemorate the 1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty, signed near the city's present-day location. The city first held the pageant in 1927 and has held it every three years since 1961.[24]

Area attractions
  • Carry A Nation Home.
  • Stockade House.
  • Peace Treaty Statue, located on North Main Street.
  • Wisner Fountain, originally used to water horses on North Main Street.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST13&prodType=table. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/v002/v002p098.html
  6. ^ Medicine Lodge. (2010). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 21, 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/372512/Medicine-Lodge
  7. ^ http://www.peacetreaty.org/
  8. ^ a b c Cutler, William G. (1883). "Barber County, Part 2". History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A.T. Andreas. http://www.kancoll.org/books/cutler/barber/barber-co-p2.html#MEDICINE_LODGE. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  9. ^ "This site is dedicated to Medicine Lodge and Barber County". Cyber Lodge Internet Services. http://www.cyberlodg.com/mlcity/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  10. ^ "Carry A. Nation". Kansas Heritage Group. http://www.kansasheritage.org/medicine/carry.html. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  11. ^ http://www.travelks.com/s/index.cfm?LID=502
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. 4th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2009, p. 72-73. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  14. ^ "Historical Weather for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=371541&refer=&units=us. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  15. ^ a b "Average weather for Medicine Lodge, KS". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USKS0379. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  16. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-06-28. Population change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  17. ^ "Government". Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Cyber Lodge Internet Services. http://www.cyberlodg.com/mlcity/government.html. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  18. ^ "USD 254". USD 254. http://www.usd254.org/. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  19. ^ "V&S Railroad - Medicine Lodge Division". V&S Railway. http://www.vsrailway.com/medicine_lodge.html. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  20. ^ "About this Newspaper: Barbour County index". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015080/. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  21. ^ "Gyp Hill Premiere". Mondo Times. http://www.mondotimes.com/1/world/us/16/932/2406. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  22. ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/mb/audio/fmq.html. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  23. ^ "Radio Stations in Medicine Lodge, Kansas". Radio-Locator. http://www.radio-locator.com/cgi-bin/locate?select=city&city=Medicine+Lodge&state=KS&x=0&y=0. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  24. ^ "The History of the Medicine Lodge Indian Peace Treaty". Indian Peace Treaty Pageant. http://www.peacetreaty.org/history.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 

Further reading

Medicine Lodge
  • Yost, Nellie Snyder. Medicine Lodge: The Story of a Kansas Frontier Town. Sage Books: Chicago, 1970.
Kansas

External links

City
Schools
Events
Historical
Maps

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Medicine Lodge (Kansas) — Medicine Lodge Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge — may refer to: Medicine Lodge, Kansas, United States Medicine lodge (sauna), a ceremonial sauna See also Medicine Lodge River Medicine Lodge Township Medicine Lodge Treaty This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same tit …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge Treaty — The Medicine Lodge Treaty is the overall name for three treaties signed between the United States government and southern Plains Indian tribes in October 1867, intended to bring peace to the area by relocating the Native Americans to reservations …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge River — Map of the Salt Fork Arkansas watershed showing the Medicine Lodge River The Medicine Lodge River is a 130 mile long (210 km)[1] tributary of the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma in the United State …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge Township, Barber County, Kansas — Medicine Lodge Township   Township   Location in Barber County …   Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge River — Lage des Medicine Lodge River im Einzugsgebiet des Salt Fork Arkansas River …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge — Lage in Kansas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medicine Lodge — Medicine Lodge, KS U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 2193 Housing Units (2000): 1085 Land area (2000): 1.202531 sq. miles (3.114540 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.202531 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Medicine Lodge, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 2193 Housing Units (2000): 1085 Land area (2000): 1.202531 sq. miles (3.114540 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.202531 sq. miles (3.114540 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.