Valid claim

In Law, a valid claim is a "grievance that can be resolved by legal action." [ [http://www.lectlaw.com/def2/u018.htm Lectric Law Dictionary] ] [ [http://www.watertowninjury.com/tort_legal_glossary/tort_legal_glossaryv.html Scott C. Gottlied, LLC web site] ] It is a claim that is not frivolous, [ [http://www.photoattorney.com/2007/04/you-dont-have-a-valid-claim Photo Attorney web site] ] nor is based on fraud. [Note, "Insurers struggle with arson law", found at [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3615/is_199811/ai_n8822854 Find-Articles.com] ]

In some state court systems, a valid claim is called a Claim for relief or a Claim and delivery. Fact|date=September 2007

United States (Federal) law

Valid claim is used in a number of different contexts in Federal law.

Under US bankruptcy law, a creditor must have a valid claim in order to attend the creditors' meeting and to collect all or part of a debt.

A valid claim is used to describe beneficial interest in antiquities under the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) of 1990. [Note, "Does museum have valid claim to native antiquities?", The Honolulu Advertiser, August 8, 2004, found at [http://www.moolelo.com/museum-native-policy.html moolelo.com web site] . Retrieved September 5, 2007.]

Patent law

Under patent law, a claim must have a valid basis. [Note, "European Patent Office (EPO) - Requirements for a Valid Claim to Convention Priority", found at [http://www.ladas.com/BULLETINS/2002/0202Bulletin/EPOConventionPriority.html Ladas law Firm web site] ] [Note, "Patent Infringement", found at [http://www.patent-ideas.com/pinfringement.htm Neustel Law Offices LTD web site] . Retrieved September 5, 2007.]

The United States Supreme Court took up the issue in "LabCorp v. Metabolite", in which a patent claim for testing for homocysteine was ruled valid by a United States District Court and the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. [Note, "Supreme Court: LabCorp Briefing Round I" on "LabCorp v. Metabolite", found at [http://patentlaw.typepad.com/patent/2005/12/supreme_court_l.html Patently O, a patent law blog] ] [ [http://www.law.duke.edu/publiclaw/supremecourtonline/labvmet.html Duke Law School web site] ] This concerned the pharmaceutical industry. [Andrew Bridges,The Associated Press, "B Vitamin Supreme Court Case Could Prove Tough Medicine for Patent Lawyers", March 21, 2006, found at [http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1142862089448 law.com] . Retrieved September 5, 2007.] The high court ruled that it had granted a "writ of certiorari" "improvidently", leaving intact the lower court decisions. ["LabCorp v. Metabolite", 548 U.S. __ (2006), found at [http://www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/05pdf/04-607.pdf US Supreme Court official web site] .] For a fuller discussion of this case, see LabCorp v. Metabolite, Inc.

Liens

A lien must be based on a valid claim. Fact|date=September 2007 Under Texas law, a mechanic's lien must have a valid basis. [David D. Peden, "Texas Mechanic's Lien and Bond Claim Law: The Construction Lien", found at [http://library.findlaw.com/1999/Oct/1/126219.html Findlaw Library web site] ] Under New York law, a lis pendens, or notice of pendency of a claim against real property, must be valid, such as a pending divorce lawsuit. Fact|date=September 2007 Under the law of most states, a claim against an estate must be proven or validated. [See, "e.g.", "Wallace v. Hill, 249 P.2d 452, 1952 OK 325 (1952). Found at [http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=ok&vol=/supreme/1952/&invol=1952OK325 Lindlaw.com web site] ]

References

ee also

*Claim (patent)
*Federal Tort Claims Act
*Replevin


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