Joan Fuster

Joan Fuster i Ortells (Sueca, Spain, b. 1922 – d. June 21, 1992) was a Valencian writer, who published mostly in Catalan.

Despite having written also a number of fiction pieces, he is best known for his essays, especially the political ones. His most influential work by far was the book "Nosaltres els valencians" ("We the Valencians") (1962), whereas other titles such as "Qüestió de Noms" ("Matter of Names") and "Diccionari per a Ociosos" ("Dictionary for Idlers") (1963) are well-known Catalan nationalism . He became the intellectual leader of Valencian nationalism by the end of the 20th century, and was central in proposing the "Països Catalans" concept, which advocated for union with Catalan culture as proposed by Catalan nationalists. In these books Fuster asserted that it was necessary to strength Valencia's relationships with the other Catalan speaking territories for there to be any chance of defending the autochthonous culture of Valencia. In this way he sought to bring a Catalan-based cultural community into existence.

In this sense, Fuster is, for some, the most remarkable political essayist in Catalan of the generations that appeared after the Spanish Civil WarFact|date=July 2008.

In 1947 he graduated in law and he received a doctoral degree in Catalan philology in 1985. From 1946 to 1956 he co-directed the magazine "Verb". Of his first books, all of which are poetry, the highlight is "Escrit per al silenci" ("Written for the Silence") (1954). In 1952 he began his collaborations with the press of "Valencia" in "Levante": this would be one of his more prominent facets and one he would continue on with in "Destino" and in "La Vanguardia".

With "El descrèdit de la Realitat" ("The Discredit of Reality") (1955) he started a notable career as an essayist of vast thematic breadth and whose incisive style was noted for its precise use of adjectives.Fact|date=December 2007 Another aspect of his work was his erudition and concern with the craft of storytelling and he worked greatly to maintain a literary reviewal he pushed forward in anthologies. His dedication to Valencian themes culminated in 1962 with the publication of what remained as his most known work: "Nosaltres els valencians" ("We, the Valencians"), also "Qüestió de Noms" ("Matter of Names") and "El País Valenciano" ("The Valencian Country"), basic books on the history, culture and national identity problem of the Valencian Community from a Catalanist point of view.

He continued on with this subject matter with the release of "Raimon" (1964), "Combustible per a falles" ("Combustible for Falles") (1967) and "Ara o Mai" ("Now or Never") (1981), among others. These, parts of his numerous studies and erudite historical and biographical articles, have been picked up in the I and III tomes of the "Obres completes" ("Complete Works"). The "Diari" ("Day-to-Day Works") (1952–1960) occupy the second volume.

Within the realm of essay writing, he published "Figures del temps" ("Figures of Times"), Yxart award (1957), "Judicis Finals" ("Final Judgments") (1960), "Diccionari per a ociosos" ("Dictionary for Idlers") (1964), "Causar-se d'esperar" ("Causing Oneself to Wait") (1965) , "L'home, mesura de totes les coses" ("The Man, Measure of All Things") (1967), and others -- always within the tradition moral root of classical humanism, close in spirit to the moralists and French reformers (from Montaigne on to the encyclopedists), as a critic and skeptic noted for his acid humor. Within his works on history, criticism and literary production, he published "La Poesia Catalana" ("Catalan Poetry") (1956), "Poetes, Moriscos i Capellans" ("Poets, Moorish and Cures") (1962), "Heretgies, Revoltes i Sermons" ("Heresies, Revolts and Sermons") (1968) and "Literatura Catalana Contemporània" ("Contemporary Catalan Literature") (1972), in addition to three extensive prologues for the works of Joan Salvat Papasseit (1962), Salvador Espriu (1963) and Josep Pla (1966), joined together to "Contra el Noucentisme" ("Against Noucentisme") (1978). He occasionally wrote song lyrics for Lluís Llach.

He received the "Premi d’Honor de les Lletres Catalanes" ("Catalan Letters Award") (1975) and also, the year 1983, the "Medalla d’Or de la Generalitat de Catalunya" ("Gold Medal of Catalonia's Generality"). In 1984 he was named doctor honoris causa by the University of Barcelona and in 1986 he was named a professor of literature in the University of Valencia. In 1987 he collected his poetry into "Set llibres de versos" ("Seven Books of Verses"). The studies joined together in "Llibres i problemes del Renaixentisme" ("Books and problems of the Renaissance") (1989) are the fruit of the research carried out in his last few years. In 1994 the works "Fuster Inèdit" ("Unpublished Fuster") and "Fuster Sabàtic" ("Sabbatical Fuster") were edited.

External links

* [ Webpage devoted to Joan Fuster (lletrA (UOC), Catalan Literature Online)] en_icon

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  • Joan Fuster — i Ortells (Sueca, Comunidad Valenciana, 23 de noviembre de 1922 ídem, 21 de junio de 1992), fue un escritor español en lengua valenciana, figura clave en el nacionalismo valenciano contemporáneo y en la definición de los denominados Países… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joan Fuster — i Ortells Joan Fuster i Ortells (ʒuˈam fusˈteɾ j oɾˈteʎs) (* 23. November 1922 in Sueca, Valencia; † 21. Juni 1992) war ein spanischer Schriftsteller, der hauptsächlich auf Katalanisch veröffentlicht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joan Fuster — i Ortells. (Sueca, Ribera Baja, Comunidad Valenciana, España; 23 de noviembre de 1922 Sueca, 21 de junio de 1992), escritor valenciano en lengua catalana. Aunque fue más reconocido popularmente por su principal obra, el ensayo Nosaltres els… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joan Fuster — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuster. Portrait de Joan Fuster. Joan Fuster i Ortells (Sueca, Pays valencien, 23 novembre 1922 íde …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joan Fuster i Ortells — Joan Fuster Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fuster. Joan Fuster i Ortells (Sueca, Communauté Valencienne, 23 novembre 1922 ídem, 21 juin 1992) était un écrivain valencien de langue catalane. Bien qu il fût largement reconnu pour son essai,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joan Francesc Mira — i Casterà Joan Francesc Mira i Casterà (Valencia, 1939) es un escritor, antropólogo y sociólogo valenciano. Es miembro de la Asociación de Escritores en Lengua Catalana y fue presidente de Acció Cultural del País Valencià. El el año 1991 recibió… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fuster — puede hacer referencia a: Miguel Fuster (piloto), piloto español de rallyes. Miguel Fuster (historietista), historietista español. Valentín Fuster Carulla, cardiólogo español. Joan Fuster, escritor en lengua catalana. Jaume Fuster, escritor y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fuster — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Fuster (* 1982), spanischer Fußballspieler Eugenio Fuster Chepe (1943–2010), kubanischer Agrarfachmann und Funktionär Joan Fuster (1922–1992), spanischer Schriftsteller Joaquín Fuster (1912– 2006),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joan Salvat-Papasseit — Estatua en honor a Joan Salvat Papasseit en el Moll de la Fusta, donde trabajó de vigilante nocturno. En el pedestal hay una placa con el poema Nocturn per a acordió. La escultura es obra del arquitecto luxemburgués Robert Krier …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joan Ridao — Secretario General de ERC 7 de junio de 2008 – 17 de septiembre de 2011 …   Wikipedia Español

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