Holographic Versatile Disc


Holographic Versatile Disc

Infobox media
name = Holographic Versatile Disc



caption =Picture of an HVD by Optware
type = Ultra-high density optical disc
encoding = MPEG-2, MPEG-4 AVC (H.264), and VC-1
capacity = theoretically up to 3.9 TB
read =
write =
standard =
owner = HSD Forum
use = Data storage,
High-definition video,
& the possibility of ultra high definition video
extended from =
extended to =
The Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) is an optical disc technology that would hold up to 3.9 terabytes (TB) of information. It employs a technique known as collinear holography, whereby two lasers, one red and one green, are collimated in a single beam. The green laser reads data encoded as laser interference fringes from a holographic layer near the top of the disc while the red laser is used as the reference beam and to read servo information from a regular CD-style aluminum layer near the bottom. Servo information is used to monitor the position of the read head over the disc, similar to the head, track, and sector information on a conventional hard disk drive. On a CD or DVD this servo information is interspersed amongst the data.

A dichroic mirror layer between the holographic data and the servo data reflects the green laser while letting the red laser pass through. This prevents interference from refraction of the green laser off the servo data pits and is an advance over past holographic storage media, which either experienced too much interference, or lacked the servo data entirely, making them incompatible with current CD and DVD drive technology. [cite web|url=http://www.optware.co.jp/english/what_040823.htm|title=What's New|date=2004-08-23|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20041009144100/http://www.optware.co.jp/english/what_040823.htm|archivedate=2004-10-09] These discs have the capacity to hold up to 3.9 terabytes (TB) of information, which is approximately 5,800 times the capacity of a CD-ROM, 850 times the capacity of a DVD, 160 times the capacity of single-layer Blu-ray Discs, and about twice the capacity of the largest computer hard drives as of August 2008. The HVD also has a transfer rate of 1 Gbit/s (125 MB/s). Optware was expected to release a 200 GB disc in early June 2006, and Maxell in September 2006 with a capacity of 300 GB and transfer rate of 20 MB/s. [cite web|url=http://news.com.com/Maxell+focuses+on+holographic+storage/2100-1015_3-5973868.html|date=2005-11-28|work=CNET News.com|title=Maxell focuses on holographic storage|accessdate=2007-05-28] On June 28, 2007 HVD standards have been approved and published. [http://www.hvd-forum.org/news/hotnews/n20070628.html]

Technology

thumb|300px|">Holographic Versatile Disc structure
1. Green writing/reading laser (532 nm)
2. Red positioning/addressing laser (650 nm)
3. Hologram (data)
4. Polycarbon layer
5. Photopolymeric layer (data-containing layer)
6. Distance layers
7. Dichroic layer (reflecting green light)
8. Aluminium reflective layer (reflecting red light)
9. Transparent base
P. PIT

Current optical storage saves one bit per pulse, and the HVD alliance hopes to improve this efficiency with capabilities of around 60,000 bits per pulse in an inverted, truncated cone shape that has a 200 micrometer diameter at the bottom and a 500 micrometer diameter at the top. High densities are possible by moving these closer on the tracks: 100 GB at 18 micrometers separation, 200 GB at 13 micrometers, 500 GB at 8 micrometers and a demonstrated maximum of 3.9 TB for 3 micrometer separation on a 12 cm disc.

The system uses a green laser, with an output power of 1 watt, a high power for a consumer device laser. So a major challenge of the project for widespread consumer markets is to either improve the sensitivity of the polymer used, or develop and commoditize a laser capable of higher power output and suitable for a consumer unit.Fact|date=April 2007

Competing technologies

HVD is not the only technology in high-capacity, optical storage media. InPhase Technologies is developing a rival holographic format called Tapestry Media, which they claim will eventually store 1.6 TB with a data transfer rate of 120 MB/s, and several companies are developing TB-level discs based on 3D optical data storage technology. Such large optical storage capacities compete favorably with the Blu-ray Disc format. However, holographic drives are projected to initially cost around US$15,000, and a single disc around US$120–180, although prices are expected to fall steadily. [cite web|url=http://www.dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=3641|work=DailyTech|title=Hitachi-Maxell to Ship Holographic Storage this Year|date=2006-08-03|accessdate=2007-05-28] The market for this format is not initially the common consumer, but enterprises with very large storage needs.

Holography System Development Forum

The Holography System Development Forum (HSD Forum; formerly the HVD Alliance and the HVD FORUM) is a coalition of corporations purposed to provide an industry forum for testing and technical discussion of all aspects of HVD design and manufacturing. By cooperating, members of the Forum hope to expedite development and engender a market receptive to HVD technology.

As of February 2006, the HVD Forum comprised these corporations:
*Alps Electric Corporation, Ltd.
*CMC Magnetics Corporation
*Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc. (DIC)
*EMTEC International (subsidiary of the MPO Group)
*Fuji Photo Film Company, Ltd.
*Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.
*LiteOn Technology Corporation
*Mitsubishi Kagaku Media Company, Ltd. (MKM)
*Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd.
*Nippon Paint Company, Ltd.
*Optware Corporation
*Pulstec Industrial Company, Ltd.
*Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation
*Software Architects, Inc. (?)
*Suruga Seiki Company, Ltd.
*Targray Technology International, Inc.
*Teijin Chemicals, Ltd.
*Toagosei Company, Ltd.
*Tokiwa Optical Corporation

tandards

On December 9, 2004 at its 88th General Assembly the standards body Ecma International created Technical Committee 44, dedicated to standarizing HVD formats based on Optware's technology.On June 11, 2007, TC44 published the first two HVD standards:cite web|url=http://www.ecma-international.org/news/PressReleases/HVD-R%20Standards.htm|work=Ecma press release|title=Ecma releases new Holographic Information Storage Standards|date=2007-07-04] ECMA-377,cite web|url=http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-377.htm|work=ECMA-377|title=Information Interchange on Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) Recordable Cartridges – Capacity: 200 Gbytes per Cartridge] defining a 200 GB HVD "recordable cartridge" and ECMA-378,cite web|url=http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-378.htm|work=ECMA-378|title=Information Interchange on Read-Only Memory Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD-ROM) – Capacity: 100 Gbytes per disk] defining a 100 GB HVD-ROM disc. Its next stated goals are 30 GB HVD cards and submission of these standards to the International Organization for Standardization for ISO approval.cite web|url=http://www.ecma-international.org/news/TC44_PR_Jan2005.pdf|work=Ecma press release|title=Ecma standardizes Holographic Information Storage|date=2005-01-26]

References

ee also


* DVD
* Blu-ray Disc (BD)
* HD DVD (HDDVD)
* Ultra Density Optical (UDO)
* Professional Disc for DATA (PDD or ProDATA)
* Holographic memory
* Tapestry Media
* 3D optical data storage
* Protein-coated disc
* Magneto-optical drive (MO)
* Holographic Versatile Card
* Stacked Volumetric Optical Disk (SVOD)
* InPhase Technologies – developer of competing holographic disc

External links

* [http://www.datarius.com/PR-DaTARIUS-InPhase.htm DaTARIUS signs agreement] with [http://www.inphase-technologies.com/products/professional/index.html InPhase Technologies to be their sole sales, service and support supplier] of Tapestry Media hardware and media to ship starting in 2007 (300 GB WORM discs) with 600 GB discs and re-writable technology in 2008 as well as 1.6 TB media available in 2010.
* [http://www.hvd-forum.org/ HVD Forum] standards consortium.
* [http://www.optware.co.jp/ Optware] , creator of HVD format.
* [http://www.inphase-technologies.com InPhase] , a company developing a competing holographic storage format (*See Above).
* [http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,1759,2024551,00.asp?kc=PCRSS05079TX1K0000995 Video explaining holographic storage] – PC Magazine, October 4, 2006
* [http://www.eetimes.com/news/latest/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=180206971 Holography system rides single beam] EE Times, 27 February 2006 – interview with Hideyoshi Horimai and Yoshio Aoki of Optware Corp.
* [http://www.eetimes.com/news/latest/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=60403531 Holographic storage standards eyed] EE Times, 28 February 2006 – article about the upcoming technical committee meeting to begin standardization of HVD.
* [http://www.electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd How stuff works] explains how HVD works.
* [http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120285999714463727.html Elusive Green Laser Is Missing Ingredient] Wall Street Journal 13 February 2008


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