Manrico Ducceschi

Manrico Ducceschi
Nickname "Pippo"
Born Capua
Died Pistoia
Allegiance  Kingdom of Italy
Service/branch Regio Esercito, Italian Resistance
Years of service 1940-1945
Unit 5th Alpini Regiment
Commands held 11 Partisan Zone
Battles/wars Italian Campaign
Awards
Bronze Star ribbon.svg
Bronze Star Medal

Manrico Ducceschi, a.k.a. Pippo, was born on September 11, 1920 in Capua (Caserta), the son of Fernando Ducceschi and Matilde Bonaccio. The family originated in Pistoia, the town in which Manrico grew up and completed his studies until he went to university at the Faculty of Lettere e Filosofia (Arts).

He was however forced to interrupt his studies with the onset of World War II. After the armistice of September 8, 1943, the Italian Army dissolved and he was able to walk home from Tarquinia, skirting the main roads in order to avoid capture by the Germans.

Thanks to the military experience acquired in the Alpini Cadet Officer Course he had attended, he immediately got in touch with the Florentinian branch of the Giustizia e Libertà (Justice and Liberty) movement, and formed a mobile group of partisans with the purpose of hampering German military operations in Italy. His exceptional leadership abilities inspired teams of young people to join his ranks, forming one of the most organized and combative partisan formations in Italy. The XI Partisan Zone was one of the very few Resistance outfits that did not suffer any military defeat.

Ducceschi's role in partisan activities put him at the top of the Germans' "most wanted" list, endangering not only himself but also his relatives, who were forced to go into hiding for the rest of the war.

Loved by his people, "Pippo" was one of the few to arrive to Milan with his team. He was decorated with the Bronze Star Medal by the Allies due to the aid he supplied to the Anglo-American Forces. In spite of this, Ducceschi's contributions were never officially acknowledged by either partisan organizations, mostly led by communist militants, or the Italian State. His threats to denounce certain abuses committed by members of the Resistance were never fulfilled, as he was found hanged in his house on August 26, 1948. His death was officially ruled out as suicide, although Ducceschi's closest friends were never fully convinced and the subject remains controversial.

Bibliography

  • Carlo Francovich, Relazioni sull'attività militare svolta dalle formazioni patriottiche operanti alle dipendenze del Comando XI Zona dell'Esercito di Liberazione Nazionale, in Il Movimento di Liberazione in Italia - Rassegna Bimestrale di Studi e Documenti, a cura dell'Istituto Nazionale per la Storia del Movimento di Liberazione in Italia, nn. 44-45, 46, 47, Milano 1956-57
  • Giorgio Petracchi, Intelligence Americana e Partigiani sulla Linea Gotica - I documenti segreti dell'OSS, Bastogi Editrice Italiana, Foggia 1992
  • Giorgio Petracchi, Al tempo che Berta filava - Alleati e patrioti sulla Linea Gotica (1943-1945)", Mursia Editore, Milano 1995
  • L.C., Due partigiani scomodi, in La Nazione, cronaca di Pistoia, 9 aprile 2005
  • Rolando Anzilotti, Una visita a "Pippo" - Manrico Ducceschi, un autentico capo senza gradi né spalline, in Documenti e Studi, Rivista dell'Istituto Storico della Resistenza e dell'Età Contemporanea in Provincia di Lucca, n. 25/26 ottobre 2005
  • Carlo Gabrielli Rosi, Ricordi di Guerra e di Pace, Tipografia Tommasi, Lucca 2006

External links


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  • Manrico Ducceschi — Manrico Ducceschi, genannt Pippo, (* 11. September 1920 in Capua (Caserta); † 24. August 1948) war ein italienischer Partisanenführer. Leben Manrico Ducceschi wuchs in Pistoia auf. Er begann an der Universität Florenz Literatur und Philosophie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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