Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine

Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine.

Charles Louis, (German: Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England (James VI of Scotland).



The young Prince Charles Louis with his old teacher Volrad von Plesse, painting by Jan Lievens, 1631.

After the death of his older brother in 1629, and of his father in 1632, Charles Louis inherited his exiled father's possessions in the Palatinate. Along with his younger brother Prince Rupert, he spent much of the 1630s at the court of his uncle in England, hoping to enlist English support for his cause. The young Elector Palatine was largely unsuccessful in this, and became gradually estranged from the King, who feared that Charles Louis might become a focus for opposition forces in England. Indeed, in the English crisis leading up to the outbreak of the English Civil War, Charles Louis had considerable sympathy for the parliamentary leaders, especially the Earl of Essex, feeling them more likely to come to the aid of the Palatinate on the continent. The Prince Palatine supported the execution of Strafford. Although Charles Louis was involved in the early stages of the Civil War with his uncle, he was mistrusted for his parliamentary sympathies, and soon returned to his mother in The Hague. There he distanced himself from the royalist cause in the Civil War, fearing that Charles would sell him out for Spanish support.

In 1644, Charles Louis returned to England at the invitation of Parliament. He took up residence in the Palace of Whitehall and took the Solemn League and Covenant, even though his brothers, Rupert and Maurice, were Royalist generals. Contemporaries (including King Charles) and subsequent generations believed that Charles Louis' motive in visiting Roundhead London was that he hoped that Parliament would crown him King, in place of his uncle. Charles Louis' endorsement of the Parliamentary party was a cause of enmity between uncle and nephew, and when a captive Charles I met his nephew once again in 1647, the elder Charles accused the Prince of angling after the English throne. Charles Louis was still in England in October 1648 when the Peace of Westphalia restored the Lower Palatinate to him (the Upper Palatinate, to his great disappointment, remained under the Elector of Bavaria). He remained in England long enough to see the execution of his uncle Charles I in January 1649, which appears to have come as a shock (nevertheless, the two had not reconciled prior to the King's death - Charles refused to see his nephew before his execution).

After this unhappy dénouement to Charles Louis's dubious participation in English politics, he at last returned to the now devastated Palatinate in the autumn of 1649. Over the more than thirty years of his reign there, he strove with some success to rebuild his shattered territory. In foreign affairs, he pursued a pro-French course, marrying his daughter Elizabeth Charlotte to Monsieur, Louis XIV's brother, in 1671. After his restoration, his relations with his relatives continued to deteriorate - his English relations never forgave him for his equivocal course in the Civil War, while his mother and siblings resented his parsimony.

The most notable facet of his reign was probably his unilateral divorce of his wife, Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, and subsequent bigamous marriage to Marie Luise von Degenfeld. This second wife was given the unique title of Raugravine (Raugräfin, countess of uninhabited or uncultivated lands), and their children were known as the Raugraves.



Partner 1 Unknown
Children 1. Ludwig von Seltz (1643–1660)
Wife 1 Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, 20 November 1627-16 March 1686, Kassel
Married 22 February 1650 Kassel
1. Charles II, Elector Palatine (31 March 1651 - 26 May 1685)
2. Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate (May 27, 1652 - 8 December 1722, Heidelberg)
3. Friedrich von der Pfalz, (12 May 1653 - 13 May 1653)
Wife 2 Marie Luise von Degenfeld, 28 November 1634-18 March 1677, Strasbourg
Married 6 January 1658 Schwetzingen
1. Karl Ludwig von der Pfalz (15 October 1658 - 12 August 1688)
2. Karoline von der Pfalz (19 November 1659 - 28 June 1696), married Meinhardt Schomberg, 3rd Duke of Schomberg
3. Luise von der Pfalz (25 January 1661 - 6 February 1733)
4. Ludwig von der Pfalz (b&d 1662)
5. Amalie Elisabeth von der Pfalz (1 April 1663 - 13 July 1709)
6. George Ludwig von der Pfalz (30 March 1664 - 20 July 1665)
7. Frederike von der Pfalz (7 July 1665 - 7 August 1674)
8. Friedrich Wilhelm von der Pfalz (25 November 1666 - 29 July 1667)
9. Karl Eduard von der Pfalz (19 May 1668 - 2 January 1690)
10. Sophie von der Pfalz (b&d 1669)
11. Karl Moritz von der Pfalz (9 January 1671 - 13 June 1702)
12. Karl August von der Pfalz (19 October 1672 - 20 September 1691)
13. Karl Kasimir von der Pfalz (1 May 1675 - 28 April 1691)
Wife 3 Elisabeth Hollander von Bernau, 1659 - 8 March 1702 Schaffhausen
Married 11 December 1679
Children 1. Charles Louis von der Pfalz (born 17 April 1681, Schaffhausen)
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
Cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach
Born: 22 September 1617 Died: 28 August 1680
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick V
Elector Palatine
1648 (1632)-1680
Succeeded by
Charles II


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine — (Neuburg, 4 November 1661 – Mannheim, 31 December 1742) was a ruler from the house of Wittelsbach. He was Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Elector Palatine — Charles II, Elector Palatine. Charles II (German: Karl II.; 31 March 1651, Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse Kassel. Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis V, Elector Palatine — Louis V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (b. 2 July 1478 in Heidelberg; d. 16 March 1544 in Heidelberg); a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty was prince elector of the Palatinate.His parents were Philip, Elector Palatine, and Margaret, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis VI, Elector Palatine — In the history of the Holy Roman Empire, Louis VI, Elector Palatine (Simmern, 4 July 1539 ndash; 22 October 1583, Heidelberg) was an Elector from the Palatinate Simmern branch of the house of Wittelsbach. He was the first born son of Frederick… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick V, Elector Palatine — Frederick V ( de. Friedrich V.) (August 26 1596 – November 29 1632) was Elector Palatine (1610–23), and, as Frederick I ( cs. Fridrich Falcký), King of Bohemia (1619–20, for his short reign here often nicknamed the Winter King, Czech Zimní král ) …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick I, Elector Palatine — Frederick I , Count Palatine of the Rhine (1 August 1425, Heidelberg ndash; 12 December 1476, Heidelberg) was an Elector Palatine from the House of Wittelsbach in 1451 1476. He was a son of Louis III, Elector Palatine and his second wife Matilda… …   Wikipedia

  • Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine — Philip William ( de. Philipp Wilhelm) of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 ndash; 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick II, Elector Palatine — Frederick II, Count Palatine of the Rhine (9 December 1482 in Winzingen Castle near Neustadt an der Weinstraße – 26 February 1556 in Alzey), a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Prince elector of the Palatinate from 1544 to 1556.Frederick was… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Louis — may refer to: Nobility: Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine (1617 1680) Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle Isle (1684 1761), French general and statesman Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg Mirow (1708 1752), father of Queen… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles I — may refer to: In Kings and Emperors: Charles I, Holy Roman Emperor or Charlemagne (742–814) Charles I of Naples, King of Sicily (1226–1285) Charles I of Hungary, King of Hungary (1288–1342) Charles I of Bohemia or Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.