Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

Infobox Airport
name = Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport





caption2 = FAA airport diagram for PHX
IATA = PHX
ICAO = KPHX
FAA = PHX
type = Public
owner = City of Phoenix
operator = Phoenix Airport System
city-served = Phoenix, Arizona
elevation_ft = 1,135
elevation_m = 346
coordinates = coord|33|26|03|N|112|00|42|W|type:airport_region:US-AZ
website = [http://phoenix.gov/skyharborairport/index.html phoenix.gov/skyharborairport]
r1-number = 7L/25R
r1-length-f = 10,300
r1-length-m = 3,139
r1-surface = Concrete
r2-number = 7R/25L
r2-length-f = 7,800
r2-length-m = 2,377
r2-surface = Concrete
r3-number = 8/26
r3-length-f = 11,489
r3-length-m = 3,502
r3-surface = Concrete
stat-year = 2006
stat1-header = Aircraft operations
stat1-data = 555,256
stat2-header = Passenger boardings
stat2-data = 20,315,544
stat3-header = Passenger volume
stat3-data = 41,439,819
stat4-header = Cargo tonnage
stat4-data = 286,798
footnotes = Source: Federal Aviation AdministrationFAA-airport|ID=PHX|use=PU|own=PU|site=00754.*A, effective 2007-07-05]

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport Airport codes|PHX|KPHX|PHX is a joint civil-military public airport located three miles (5 km) east of the central business district of Phoenix, a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is Arizona's main international airport and one of the largest aviation facilities in the American Southwest. Currently, Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is the ninth busiest airport in the United States in terms of traffic.

Sky Harbor has been operating under its current name since prior to 1935, when it was purchased by the city of Phoenix. In the 1950s it was serviced by four airline companies. Today, the airport is the primary hub for Tempe-based US Airways, the third largest hub for Great Lakes Airlines and is also the third-largest departure point for Southwest Airlines, the airport's second largest operator. Since beginning service in 1982, Southwest has grown to capture more than 34 percent of the market share. Since 1990, Southwest traffic from PHX has increased more than 352 percent. US Airways and Southwest Airlines currently share Sky Harbor's Terminal 4, which handles about 75 percent of the traffic through the airport. [ [http://destinations.usatoday.com/phoenix/2007/09/phoenix-sky-har.html USA Today] ]

British Airways provides the only service outside of North America and Hawaii at the airport, to London-Heathrow.

Federal Aviation Administration records show the airport had 20,315,544 commercial passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2005 and 20,591,906 enplanements in 2006. [ [http://www.faa.gov/airports_airtraffic/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/passenger/ FAA Passenger Boarding Data] ]

In 2006, the airport served 41,439,819 passengers, making it the eighth busiest in the United States [http://www.aci-na.org/asp/traffic.asp?art=215 North America's largest airports by number of passengers.] Retrieved on September 12 2006.] , and eighteenth busiest airport in the world, [http://www.aci.aero/cda/aci/display/main/aci_content.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-5-54-55-2812_9_2__ World's largest airports by number of passengers.] Retrieved on September 12 2006.] in terms of passengers. City of Phoenix officials have estimated that Sky Harbor also served 42 million passengers in 2007, and that they anticipate serving 50 million passengers by 2015. [ [http://phoenix.gov/skyharborairport/about/condev.html City of Phoenix airport statistics] ] On a daily basis the airport handles 1,486 aircraft that arrive and depart, along with 108,887 passengers daily. Sky Harbor has grown so rapidly that Phoenix is in the process of utilizing Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport in Mesa as a secondary airport.

Because of Phoenix's consistent wind patterns, Sky Harbor is one of the largest airports in the world with all runways running parallel.

Sky Harbor's private airplane area also serves as one of eight service centers for the Medevac airline Air Evac.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport provides 121 aircraft gates throughout three Terminals (2, 3, 4). Terminal 1, the original terminal from 1952, was torn down in 1990. The airport administration states that the designation Terminal 1 has been "retired", and that it did not wish to renumber the other terminals since passengers were already familiar with the numbers in place.

For complete information on flights to and from Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, please see the airport's Flights and Information Page [http://phoenix.gov/skyharborairport/airlines_flights/index.html] .

Free wireless Internet access is available in all terminals.

Control Tower

The new ATC tower at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport began operations at midnight on January 14, 2007, and is currently the world's fifth tallest control tower after Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Munich and Atlanta, at convert|335|ft|m. The new tower stands just east of Terminal 3. The tower also houses the new Phoenix TRACON.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, opened in 1962, provides 17 gates on one concourse (C, D, 1A, 1B, 2 - 5, 6A, 6B, 7 - 13), and the Red Carpet Club, operated by United Airlines. The terminal was designed by Fred Weaver, FAIA, Dick Drover, AIA of the Phoenix architectural firm, Weaver & Drover, along with their senior staff member, Herman Jacobi. This terminal included a mural by French-American artist Paul Coze.

In November 2006, a Military and Veterans Hospitality Room was opened on the mezzanine level of Terminal 2. The Hospitality Room is sponsored by the Phoenix Military and Veterans Commission.

*Air Canada Gate 7 (Calgary [seasonal] , Toronto-Pearson)
*Alaska Airlines Gates 10 and 11 (Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma)
*Continental Airlines Gates 6A, 6B and 8 (Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark)
**Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines (Houston-Intercontinental)
*Great Lakes Airlines Gate D (Page, Prescott, Show Low)
*United Airlines Gates C, D, 1, 3, 5 and 7 (Washington-Dulles)
**Ted operated by United Airlines (Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco)
**United Express operated by SkyWest Airlines (Los Angeles)

Terminal 3

Terminal 3 opened in 1979 and provides 16 gates on 2 concourses, and the Crown Room Club, operated by Delta Air Lines. Designed by the Phoenix architectural firm, Drover, Welsh, and Lindlan [formerly Weaver & Drover] . The Crown Room Club in Phoenix permanently closed on April 30, 2008, due to cost cutting moves at Delta Air Lines.

North Concourse

The North Concourse of Terminal 3 has 10 Gates: 15 - 20, 23 - 26
*AirTran Airways Gate 19 (Atlanta, Milwaukee [seasonal] )
*Delta Air Lines Gates 15-18 (Atlanta, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, New York-JFK, Salt Lake City)
**Delta Connection operated by SkyWest Airlines (Salt Lake City)
*Frontier Airlines Gate 20 (Denver)
*Northwest Airlines Gates 23-26 (Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul)
** Northwest Airlink operated by Compass Airlines (Memphis)
*Sun Country Airlines Gate 18 (Minneapolis/St. Paul)

outh Concourse

The South Concourse of Terminal 3 has 6 Gates: 2, 4 - 7, 9
*American Airlines Gates 2, 4 and 6 (Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami)
*Hawaiian Airlines Gate 5 (Honolulu)
*JetBlue Airways Gate 5 (New York-JFK)
*Midwest Airlines Gate 5 (Milwaukee)

Terminal 4 (Barry M. Goldwater Terminal)

Terminal 4, opened in 1990 and named after former Arizona Senator and 1964 Presidential candidate Barry M. Goldwater, provides 88 gates on four concourses. There are three US Airways Clubs in Terminal 4: at gates A7, A19 and B5. British Airways also operates an Executive Club Lounge between gates B23 and B25. The terminal was originally built with five concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994, the N4 International Concourse was opened, adding 10 new gates and a sterile walkway connecting it to the S4 concourse. In 1997, construction began on the 14-gate N1 concourse, for America West Airlines. It was completed in June 1998 at a cost of $50 million [ [http://www.landrum-brown.com/assets/Profiles/Terminal%20Planning.pdf Project Profile ] ] , completing the expansion of the north side of the terminal. On the south side of the terminal, construction began in 2002 on the eight-gate S2 concourse for

Concourse A

Note: All international arrivals are handled in Concourse B.Concourse A has 28 Gates: A1 - A14, A17 - A30
*US Airways (Acapulco, Albuquerque, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Boise, Boston, Burbank, Cabo San Lucas, Calgary, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland [ends December 3] , Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Edmonton, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, Guadalajara, Hartford/Springfield [ends December 1] , Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului, Kansas City, Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, Los Angeles, Manzanillo [seasonal] , Mazatlán, Mexico City, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, Newark, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), Santa Ana/Orange County, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, St. Louis, Tampa, Toronto-Pearson [ends December 1] , Tucson [seasonal] , Vancouver, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan)

Concourse B

Concourse B has 32 Gates: B1 (A,B,C) - B14, B15 (A,B,C) - B28
*Aeroméxico (Hermosillo, Mexico City)
*British Airways (London-Heathrow)
*US Airways (See Concourse A)
**US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines (Aspen [seasonal] , Austin, Bakersfield, Burbank, Cabo San Lucas, Calgary, Colorado Springs, Denver, Des Moines, Durango, El Paso, Flagstaff, Fresno, Grand Junction, Guadalajara, Guaymas, Hermosillo, Houston-Intercontinental, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Memphis, Monterey, Oakland, Omaha, Ontario, Palm Springs, Puerto Vallarta, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Ana/Orange County, Santa Barbara, Tucson, Wichita, Yuma)
*WestJet (Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg) [seasonal]

Concourse C

Concourse C has 20 Gates: C1 - C20
*Southwest Airlines (Albuquerque, Austin, Baltimore/Washington, Birmingham (AL) [ends January 11] , Buffalo, Burbank, Chicago-Midway, Columbus (OH), Denver, Detroit, El Paso, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Manchester (NH), Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orlando, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Santa Ana/Orange County, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Louis, Tampa, Tulsa)

Concourse D

Concourse D has 8 Gates: D1 - D8
*Southwest Airlines (See Concourse C)

Possible new airline service

As of 2008, Phoenix was in the process of negotiating a deal with Emirates Airlines that could possibly bring service from Phoenix to Dubai by 2009 or 2010. [ [http://phoenix.bizjournals.com/phoenix/stories/2008/04/07/daily63.html?surround=lfn Phoenix hoping to attract international flight on Dubai's Emirates airline - Phoenix Business Journal: ] ] .

Lufthansa has stated reopening its route to Phoenix is on the agenda. The city is also in discussions with the airline about reopening the route. [ [http://atwonline.com/news/story.html?storyID=13219 Lufthansa may reopen Phoenix gateway - ATW Online: ] ] [http://phoenix.gov/skyharborairport/about/PAAB_Agenda_Packet-Jun2008.pdf]
Virgin America and Mexicana have also expressed interest in starting service to Phoenix in the future.

Ground transportation

Currently, the Red Line and #13 Valley Metro buses serve the airport.

When Phoenix's METRO Light Rail is completed in December 2008, there will be a free shuttle bus between the airport and the nearby 44th St. / Sky Harbor station. In the future, this is planned to be replaced by the Sky Harbor Airport Automated People Mover.

Airport security

On 23 February 2007, Sky Harbor became the first airport to operationally use backscatter X-ray technologies for screening passengers. [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17296248/ Powerful X-ray machine debuts in Phoenix: ‘Backscatter’ visually strips off clothing, to be used on voluntary basis] , Associated Press story on "MSNBC.msn.com", 23 February 2007, accessed on 28 June 2007.] This technology allows screeners to tell if passengers are carrying hidden weapons, explosives or drugs by allowing them to see through passengers' clothing. For this reason, these devices, which are available both as freestanding equipment and mobile 'cameras' have been dubbed 'naked machines' by some civil rights advocates [http://www.wired.com/politics/security/news/2004/05/63450?currentPage=all "Getting Naked for Big Brother", "Wired", by Kim Zetter] , 17 May 2004, link accessed 28 June 2007.] concerned that the devices essentially show screeners nude images of passengers and have been deployed without making passengers aware of this infringement on their privacy.

Airline Lounges

British Airways
* Executive Club
United Airlines
* Red Carpet Club
US Airways
* US Airways Club

Military Facilities

PHX is also home to Phoenix Air National Guard Base and the 161st Air Refueling Wing (161 ARW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC)-gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard flying the KC-135R Stratotanker.

Aircraft accidents and incidents

Sky Harbor has not had any major accidents occur at or near the airport. On August 16, 1987, Northwest Airlines Flight 255, which was flying from Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport to John Wayne Airport in Santa Ana, California, with an intermediate stop at Sky Harbor, crashed on takeoff in Detroit, killing all of the passengers − including a large number of Phoenix-area residents – except for a young girl.

Future Plans

* A new, 33 gate West Terminal (including demolition of Terminal 2)
* Automated People Mover – Stage 2 (Stage 1 has been previously approved.)
** Stage 1 (44th and Washington streets would shuttle travelers to Terminal 4 beginning in 2013) commenced construction in April 2008, expected to be completed by 2013.
** Stage 2 (second phase that stretches from 44th Street to Terminal 2 on the western end of the airport won't be ready until 2020.)
* Re-alignment of Sky Harbor Blvd. west of Terminal 3 & two new taxiways
* Improvements to the Terminal 4 International Concourse
* New and final concourse at Terminal 4
*Information: [http://www.azcentral.com/business/articles/0614ar-airporttrain14-ON.html]

ee Also

*161st Air Refueling Wing

References

External links

* [http://phoenix.gov/skyharborairport/ Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport] (Official site)
* [http://www.azdot.gov/aviation/airports/airports_list.asp?FAA=PHX Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport] at Arizona DOT
*
* [http://www.PhoenixMVHR.org/ Phoenix Military & Veterans Hospitality Room]
* [http://www.airportwifiguide.com/phx-phoenix-sky-habor-international-airport/ Sky Harbor Airport WiFi]
* [http://www.airportmonkey.com/PHXAirportPark.htm Sky Harbor Airport Parking]
*
*


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