- Stockholm County
— County of Sweden —
Coat of arms
Country Sweden Capital Stockholm Government – Governor Katarina Kämpe – Council Stockholm County Council Area – Total 6,488 km2 (2,505 sq mi) Population (March 31 2011) – Total 2,063,945 – Density 318.1/km2 (823.9/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) GDP/ Nominal SEK 669,900 million (2004) GDP per capita SEK 482,500 (2010) NUTS Region SE110
Stockholm County (Stockholms län) is a county or län (in Swedish) on the Baltic sea coast of Sweden. It borders Uppsala County and Södermanland County. It also borders Mälaren and the Baltic Sea. The city of Stockholm is the capital of Sweden. Stockholm County is divided by the historic provinces of Uppland (Roslagen) and Södermanland (Södertörn). More than one fifth of the Swedish population lives in the county. Stockholm County is also one of the statistical riksområden (national areas) according to NUTS:SE, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics within the EU.
The Stockholm County was established in 1714. The City of Stockholm constituted its own administrative entity under the Over-Governor of Stockholm, and was not a part of Stockholm County. The City of Stockholm, yet outside the Stockholm County, was the seat of the last mentioned county.
On 1 January 1968, the Stockholm County was united with the City of Stockholm. At the same time, the borders were redrawn in other directions too; Upplands-Bro Municipality was transferred from Uppsala County and a large part of the modern day Östhammar Municipality was transferred to Uppsala County.
Arms granted in 1968. The arms for the County of Stockholm is a combination of the arms of Uppland, Södermanland and the City of Stockholm. When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board.
County Administrative Board
Prior to 1968 the County of Stockholm did not include the City of Stockholm. The City was instead under the Over-Governor's Office, and the County included the surrounding countryside. The County had its separate Governor of Stockholm County.
The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Parliament and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor.
See List of Stockholm Governors.
County officials Governor Per Unckel 1 January 2002 Deputy Governor Bo Hansson 1 January 2002 Commissioner of Finance Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd 12 February 2008 Police Commissioner Carin Götblad 5 May 2003 President of the County Council Inger Linge 7 November 2006
The County Council has 149 members elected by proportional representation through elections held in conjunction with the national parliamentary elections every four years. The County Council itself elects the county's executive committee.
The president of the committee also holds the title Commissioner of Finance. The current[update] commissioner is Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd, of the Moderate Party. The members of the executive committee (landstingsstyrelsen) represent both the political majority and the opposition, with responsibility for implementing policies approved by the County Council.
Stockholm County contains two multi-seat constituencies for county council elections, the Stockholm Municipality makes up the first constituency while the second makes up the rest of the county.
The council election results for 2010:
Party Seats Moderate Party 57 Liberal Party 15 Christian Democratic Party 7 Centre Party 6 Social Democrats 39 Leftist Party 10 Environmental Party 15 Total 149
Election results for 2006:
Party Seats Moderate Party 55 Liberal Party 16 Christian Democratic Party 9 Centre Party 6 Social Democrats 43 Leftist Party 10 Environmental Party 10 Total 149
Election results for 2002:
Party Seats Social Democrats 54 Moderate Party 37 Liberal Party 26 Christian Democratic Party 11 Leftist Party 14 Environmental Party 7 Total 149
The county council operates most of the hospitals in the county, some of the major facilities are:
- Karolinska University Hospital. The hospital contains two major facilities; one in Solna and one in Huddinge (since the merger with Huddinge University Hospital in 2004).
- Danderyd Hospital
- Södertälje Hospital
- Norrtälje Hospital
- S:t Erik Ocular Clinic
The county council is responsible for the public transport in Stockholm. The main organizer of the transportation system is two corporations owned by the county. Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, SL, handles the bus, tram and train services while the boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget. The operation and maintenance of the public transport systems is delegated by the companies to several contractors.
Culture and education
The county council operates, besides the health and transportation services, the Stockholm County Museum, and two education institutions; Berga and Säbyholm Agricultural High Schools.
Stockholm County constitutes the area of jurisdiction to the Stockholm County Police Department(Polismyndigheten i Stockholms Län), which is a division of the Swedish Police Service. The police department is headed by a County Police Commissioner.
The principal agency for the police department is the Stockholm County Police Authority (Polisstyrelsen i Stockholms Län), a government-appointed body consisting of local councillors from the county, and the Commissioner.
References and notes
- Stockholm County Museum
- List of metropolitan areas in Sweden
- Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries
- Stockholm County Administrative Board
- Stockholm County Council
- Stockholm Regional Association of Local Authorities
- 2006 Election Results
Counties (län) of Sweden Municipalities and seats of Stockholm County Municipalities Municipal seats National Areas (Riksområden) of Sweden
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