Bad Mergentheim

Bad Mergentheim
Bad Mergentheim Hans-Heinrich-Ehrler-Platz.jpg
Coat of arms of Bad Mergentheim
Bad Mergentheim is located in Germany
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Bad Mergentheim
Coordinates 49°30′0″N 9°46′0″E / 49.5°N 9.766667°E / 49.5; 9.766667Coordinates: 49°30′0″N 9°46′0″E / 49.5°N 9.766667°E / 49.5; 9.766667
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Main-Tauber-Kreis
Town subdivisions Kernstadt and 13 Stadtteile
Lord Mayor Udo Glatthaar (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 129.97 km2 (50.18 sq mi)
Elevation 206 m  (676 ft)
Population 22,394 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 172 /km2 (446 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate TBB
Postal code 97980
Area code 07931
Website www.bad-mergentheim.de

Bad Mergentheim (Mergentheim until 1926) is a town in the Main-Tauber district in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Contents

History

Mergentheim is mentioned in chronicles as early as 1058, as the residence of the family of the counts of Hohenlohe, who early in the 13th century assigned the greater part of their estates in and around Mergentheim to the Teutonic order. In 1340 Mergentheim got Town privileges. It rapidly increased in fame, and became the most important of the eleven commanderies of that society. On the secularization of the Teutonic Order in Prussia in 1525, Mergentheim became the residence of the grand master, and remained so until the final dissolution of the order in 1809 by Napoleon.

Bad Mergentheim's fortunes were reversed in 1826, when a shepherd by the name of Franz Gehring discovered rich mineral springs in the surrounding area, during the time when spas were expanding in Germany at a rapid pace. The water turned out to be the strongest sodium-sulfate water in all of Europe, especially effective for the treatment of digestive disorders.

In the 1970s several neighbouring villages were incorporated during the "Gemeindereform".

Year Population
1660 1,064
1855 2,917
1900 4,372
1933 6,191
1945 9,300
1950 10,184
1961 11,608
1975 19,895
1990 21,567
2005 22,486

Villages

(inhabitants)
Althausen (600), Apfelbach (350), Dainbach (370), Edelfingen (1.400), Hachtel (360), Herbsthausen (200), Löffelstelzen (1,000), Markelsheim (2,000), Neunkirchen (1,000), Rengershausen (480), Rot (260), Stuppach (680), Wachbach (1,300)

Main sights

Deutschordenschloss
Deutschordenschloss - Interior including Deutschordensmuseum and Schlosskirche Towers.

The most interesting sight in Bad Mergentheim is the Deutschordenschloss, the medieval castle where the Teutonic Knights once had their home base. It is a complex of buildings built over a period of eight hundred years. The first buildings of the castle were probably erected as early as the 12th century. The castle was expanded in the late 16th century under Grand Master Walter von Cronberg. Over the course of time a representative Renaissance complex was built by connecting the individual buildings in the inner palace courtyard to a closed ring of buildings. In 1574, the main architect, Blasius Berwart, also constructed the spiral staircase between the west and north wing still famous today. Today the castle houses the Deutschordensmuseum (Museum of the Teutonic Order).

The castle complex is dominated by the Schlosskirche (Castle Church), built in 1730 in Baroque style. Its Rococo interior features elaborate ceiling frescos by the court painter Nikolaus Gottfried Stuber, depicting The Defense of Faith, the Glorification of the Cross in Heaven and on Earth and the Emperor Constantine's Vision of the Cross. Almost 200 years ago the Schlosskirche became a Protestant church.

Modern facilities

  • Löffelstelzen Transmitter

Twin towns — sister cities

Bad Mergentheim is twinned with:

Notable residents and natives

Spiral staircase in the Deutschordensmuseum.

Notes

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. 31 December 2009. http://www.statistik-bw.de/Veroeffentl/Statistische_Berichte/3126_10001.pdf. 
  2. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

See also


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  • Bad Mergentheim — ▪ Germany       city, Baden Württemberg Land (state), south central Germany. It lies on the Tauber River, about 60 miles (100 km) west of Nürnberg. An ancient settlement, it became the property of the Knights of the Teutonic Order in 1219 and was …   Universalium

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