List of New York City Subway lines

The New York City Subway is a heavy-rail public transit system serving four of the five boroughs of New York City. The present New York City Subway system inherited the systems of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT), Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT), and the Independent Subway System (IND). New York City has owned the IND since its inception; the BMT and IRT were taken over by the city in 1940. The former IRT system is now known as the A Division, while the B Division is the combined former BMT and IND systems.

Primary Trunk line Color[1][2] Pantone [3] Service bullets
BMT Broadway Line Sunflower yellow PMS 116 NYCS N NYCS Q NYCS R
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line Tomato red PMS 185 NYCS 1 NYCS 2 NYCS 3
BMT Canarsie Line Light slate gray 50% black NYCS L
IND Crosstown Line Lime green PMS 376 NYCS G
IND Eighth Avenue Line Vivid blue PMS 286 NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E
IRT Flushing Line Raspberry PMS Purple NYCS 7 NYCS 7d
IRT Lexington Avenue Line Apple green PMS 355 NYCS 4 NYCS 5 NYCS 6 NYCS 6d
BMT Nassau Street Line Terra cotta brown PMS 154 NYCS J NYCS Z
Shuttles Dark slate gray 70% black NYCS S
IND Sixth Avenue Line Bright orange PMS 165 NYCS B NYCS D NYCS F NYCS M

In the nomenclature of the Subway, the terms "line" and "service" are not interchangeable with each other. While in popular usage the word "line" is often used synonymously with "service", this list will use the formal usage of the term "line."

A line is the physical structure and tracks that trains run over. Each section of the system is assigned a unique line name that is paired with its original division (IRT, BMT or IND). For example, the line under Eighth Avenue is the IND Eighth Avenue Line. Some lines have changed names (and even divisions), but this happens relatively infrequently.

By contrast, a service refers to the route that a train takes across the various lines. A service can operate along several lines and even along different divisions. For example, the R operates along the IND Queens Boulevard Line as well as the BMT Broadway Line and the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. Each service is also assigned a color. Since 1979, each service's color corresponds to the line it primarily uses in Midtown Manhattan—defined as the trunk line—with these exceptions: the IND Crosstown Line, which doesn't carry services to Manhattan, is colored light green; and all shuttles are colored dark gray.[4] The list of trunk lines and colors is shown in the table on the right.

Contents

Lines in service

There are currently 34 rail lines in service, one (the BMT 63rd Street Line) not in revenue service, and one (the Second Avenue Subway) is under construction. The Archer Avenue Line and the 63rd Street Line are classified as two separate lines each due to their structure: both lines are able to serve two divisions (the BMT and the IND) on distinct sections of track.

In the list below, lines in italics indicate trunk lines, which determine the colors that are used for service's route bullets and diamonds. The opening date refers to the opening of the first section of track for the line. In the "division" column, the current division is followed by the original division in parentheses.

Division Line Borough(s) Service(s) Opened Structure
B (IND) 02Second Avenue Line Manhattan N/A under construction underground
B (BMT) 04Fourth Avenue Line Brooklyn       D all times
      N all times
      R all except late nights
01915-06-22June 22, 1915[5] underground
B (IND) 06Sixth Avenue Line Manhattan
Brooklyn
      B weekdays until 9:30 p.m.
      D all times
      F all times
      M weekdays until 11 p.m.
01936-01-01January 1936[6] underground
B (IND) 08Eighth Avenue Line Manhattan
Brooklyn
      A all times
      C all except late nights
      E all times
01932-09-10September 10, 1932[7] underground
A (IRT) 42nd Street Shuttle Manhattan       S all except late nights 01904-10-27October 27, 1904[8] underground[a]
B (BMT) 63rd Street Line Manhattan no regular service 01989-10-29October 29, 1989[7] underground
B (IND) 63rd Street Line Manhattan
Queens
      F all times 01989-10-29October 29, 1989[7] underground
B (BMT) Archer Avenue Line Queens       J all times
      Z rush hours, peak direction
01988-12-11December 11, 1988[5][7] underground
B (IND) Archer Avenue Line Queens       E all times 01988-12-11December 11, 1988[7] underground
B (BMT) Astoria Line Queens       N all times
      Q weekdays
01917-04-21April 21, 1917 elevated
B (BMT) Brighton Line Brooklyn       B weekdays until 11 p.m.
      Q all times
01878-07-02July 2, 1878[9] underground, open cut, at-grade, embankment, elevated
B (BMT) Broadway Line Manhattan       N all times
      Q all times
      R all hours except late nights
01917-09-04September 4, 1917[5] underground
A (IRT) Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line Bronx
Manhattan
Brooklyn
      1 all times
      2 all times
      3 all times
01904-10-27October 27, 1904[8] underground, elevated[a]
B (BMT) Canarsie Line Manhattan
Brooklyn
      L all times 01865-10-21October 21, 1865 underground, elevated, at-grade
B (IND) Concourse Line Bronx
Manhattan
      B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
      D all times
01933-07-01July 1, 1933[7] underground
B (IND) Crosstown Line Brooklyn
Queens
      G all times 01933-08-19August 19, 1933[7] underground
B (IND) Culver Line Brooklyn       F all times
      G all times
01919-03-16March 16, 1919[5] underground, elevated[c]
A (IRT) Dyre Avenue Line Bronx       5 all times 01941-05-15May 15, 1941 at-grade, underground, elevated[b]
A (IRT) Eastern Parkway Line Brooklyn       2 all times
      3 all except late nights
      4 all times
      5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
01908-01-09January 9, 1908[8] underground
A (IRT) Flushing Line Manhattan
Queens
      7 all times <7>rush hours until 10:00 p.m., peak direction 01915-06-22June 22, 1915[8] underground, elevated
B (BMT) Franklin Avenue Shuttle Brooklyn       S all times 01878-07-02July 2, 1878[9] at-grade, open cut
B (IND) Fulton Street Line Brooklyn
Queens
      A all times
      C all except late nights
01936-04-09April 9, 1936[7] underground, elevated[d]
B (BMT) Jamaica Line Brooklyn
Queens
      J all times
      M weekdays at all hours except late nights
      Z rush hours, peak direction
01885-02-02February 2, 1885[5] elevated
A (IRT) Jerome Avenue Line Bronx       4 all times 01917-06-12June 12, 1917[8] elevated, underground
A (IRT) Lenox Avenue Line Manhattan       2 all times
      3 all times
01904-11-23November 23, 1904[8] underground
A (IRT) Lexington Avenue Line Manhattan       4 all times
      5 all except late nights
      6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
01904-10-27October 27, 1904[8] underground[a]
B (BMT) Myrtle Avenue Line Brooklyn
Queens
      M all times 01889-12-19December 19, 1889[5] elevated, at-grade
B (BMT) Nassau Street Line Manhattan       J all times
      M weekdays at all hours except late nights
      Z rush hours, peak direction
01908-09-16September 16, 1908[5] underground
A (IRT) New Lots Line Brooklyn       2 special rush hour trips
      3 all except late nights
      4 late nights and special rush hour trips
      5 special rush hour trips
01920-11-23November 23, 1920[8] elevated
A (IRT) Nostrand Avenue Line Brooklyn       2 all times
      5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
01920-08-23August 23, 1920[8] underground
A (IRT) Pelham Line Bronx       6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction 01918-08-01August 1, 1918[8] underground, elevated
B (IND) Queens Boulevard Line Queens       E all times
      F all times
      M weekdays at all hours except late nights
      R all hours except late nights
01933-08-19August 19, 1933[7] underground
B (IND) Rockaway Line Queens       A all times
      S all times
01956-06-28June 28, 1956 at-grade, embankment, elevated[e]
B (BMT) Sea Beach Line Brooklyn       N all times 01915-06-22June 22, 1915[5] open cut, at-grade
B (BMT) West End Line Brooklyn       D all times 01916-06-24June 24, 1916[5] elevated, at-grade
A (IRT) White Plains Road Line Bronx       2 all times
      5 all except late nights
01905-07-10July 10, 1905[8] elevated, underground

Connections

The following list shows the connections between the different divisions of the New York City Subway.

Purpose-Built

These connections can be used by trains in revenue service.

Yards

These connections are located within the subway's rail yards and are not intended for revenue service.

Other

Defunct lines

The following New York City Subway lines are either entirely defunct or have major portions no longer in service. Defunct spur lines with one station, such as the South Ferry loops, are not included in this list, nor are surface transit lines.

Division Line Borough(s) Opened Closed Structure Status
A (IRT) 02Second Avenue Line Manhattan March 1, 1880 June 13, 1942 elevated Entirely demolished
A (IRT) 03Third Avenue Line Manhattan
Bronx
August 26, 1878 April 28, 1973 elevated ended service to Manhattan on May 12, 1955
Entirely demolished
B (BMT) 03Third Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Entirely demolished
B (BMT) 05Fifth Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Entirely demolished
A (IRT) 06Sixth Avenue Line Manhattan 1878 December 4, 1938 elevated Entirely demolished
A (IRT) 09Ninth Avenue Line Manhattan
Bronx
July 1, 1868 August 31, 1958 elevated ended service to Manhattan on June 11, 1940
Entirely demolished; except for the two underground stations at Sedgwick Avenue and Anderson – Jerome Avenue in the Bronx
B (BMT) Canarsie Line Brooklyn 19th Century November 21, 1942 at-grade Line from Canarsie – Rockaway Parkway to Canarsie Pier replaced with streetcars, then abandoned and replaced with buses.
B (BMT) Culver Line Brooklyn elevated Line from Ditmas Avenue to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue taken over by the IND in 1954;[c]
remainder of line to Ninth Avenue abandoned in 1975 and demolished in 1985.
B (BMT) Fulton Street Line Brooklyn
Queens
elevated Line west of Hudson Street – 80th Street demolished;[d]
remainder of line taken over by the IND in 1956.
A (IRT) IRT trunk line Manhattan October 27, 1904 July 17, 1918 underground Separated into the Broadway – Seventh Avenue, Lexington Avenue and 42nd Street Shuttle lines[a]
B (BMT) Lexington Avenue Line Brooklyn elevated Line west of Gates Avenue demolished
B (BMT) Jamaica Line Brooklyn
Queens
elevated Line west of Marcy Avenue demolished
Line east of 121st Street demolished
B (BMT) Myrtle Avenue Line Brooklyn
Queens
1888-1924 1944-1969 elevated Line west of Broadway demolished
B (IND) World's Fair Line Queens 1939 1940 at-grade Entirely demolished

See also

Notes

  • a The route of the original IRT line, the first underground New York City rapid transit line, began at City Hall in the south, followed the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to 33rd Street, turned west on 42nd Street to Grand Central, followed the IRT 42nd Street Shuttle to Times Square, turned north on Broadway to 50th Street, followed the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and terminated at 145th Street.
  • b The IRT Dyre Avenue Line was formed from the purchase of abandoned New York, Westchester and Boston Railway trackage in 1941.
  • c The formation of the IND Culver Line occurred when the IND "recaptured" (e.g. New York City took over lines it had built for private companies) the trackage rights of the BMT Culver Line in 1954, connecting Ditmas Avenue to Church Avenue, the terminus of the IND Brooklyn Line.
  • d For the extension of the IND Fulton Street Line in 1956, The IND "recaptured" the trackage rights of the BMT Fulton Street Line, connecting Hudson Street–80th Street to Grant Avenue.
  • e The IND Rockaway Line was formed from the purchase of some trackage from the Long Island Rail Road's Rockaway Park Branch and Far Rockaway Branch in 1955.

References

  1. ^ Official paint monikers since the colors were fixed in 1979: Grynbaum, Michael (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". New York Times, City Room Blog. http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/05/10/take-the-tomato-to-the-sunflower/. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  2. ^ Official MTA video mentions "lime green" for the G line. "Subway Colors and Names". MTA Info. July 15, 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZ83UhBJFP0. Retrieved August 5, 2010. 
  3. ^ MTA Developer Resources Download, CSV file
  4. ^ Hogarty, Dave (August 3, 2007). "Michael Hertz, Designer of the NYC Subway Map". Gothamist. http://gothamist.com/2007/08/03/michael_hertz_d.php. Retrieved July 4, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "New York City Subway BMT Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/bmttime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  6. ^ "New York City Subway IND 6th Ave Line". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/lines/6thave.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "New York City Subway IND Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/indtime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "New York City Subway IRT Division Timeline". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/articles/irttime.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  9. ^ a b "New York City Subway Brighton Beach Line". www.nycsubway.org. http://www.nycsubway.org/lines/brighton.html. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 

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