W. W. Phelps (Mormon)
William Wines Phelps (
February 17 1792— March 7 1872) was an important early leader of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was an assistant president of the church in Missouri, scribe to Joseph Smith, member of the Literary Firm, church printer, editor, and song-writer.
February 17, 1792in Hanover, New Jersey, Phelps has been referred to by Dean Jesseeas "one of [the] founders" of the anti-Masonic movement in New York. He was the editor of the anti-Masonic newspaper "Ontario Phoenix" in Canandaigua (1827-28). Phelps was also the editor of the "Western Courier" and the "Lake Light" papers.
Well educated, Phelps was an aspirant for the office of lieutenant governor of New York at the time when he purchased a copy of the
Book of Mormonfrom Parley P. Pratton April 9, 1830—just three days after the early Latter Day Saint church was organized. He visited Kirtland in 1831, was baptized, and established a print house in Independence, Missouri, where he published the " Evening and Morning Star". While working to publish the church's " Book of Commandments", a mob of vigilantes destroyed Phelps' home and the press. In Kirtland, Ohio, he helped print the first Latter Day Saint hymnal and the 1835 edition of the " Doctrine and Covenants".
A scribe to the Prophet
Joseph Smith Jr., Phelps was the author of a number of popular Latter Day Saint hymns including The Spirit of God Like a Fire Is Burning, which he wrote for the dedication of the Kirtland Temple. From 1834-1838, he was a counselor to David Whitmerin the presidency of the church in Missouri and in that capacity he helped found the town of Far West, Missouri. Phelps was excommunicatedfrom the church on March 10, 1838when he was accused of profiting from Far Westland deals and reneging on a $2,000 subscription to "the house of the Lord" that was not paid. In June, 1838, Phelps, Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, John Whitmer, and Lyman E. Johnsonwere warned out of Far West "or a more fatal calamity shall befall you."Fact|date=August 2007
July 8, 1838, it was decided that Phelps, along with Frederick G. Williams, could be ordained as elders and serve missions abroad, even though they had lost their standing. Phelps served a brief mission in the East in 1841. Phelps moved to Nauvoo, Illinoiswhere on August 27, 1841, he replaced Robert B. Thompson (who had died) as Joseph Smith's clerk. Phelps was endowed on December 9, 1843and was also made a member of the Council of Fifty. In Nauvoo, Phelps spoke out for the destruction of an opposition newspaper, the Nauvoo Expositor. He believed that the city charter gave the church leaders power to declare the newspaper a nuisance. Shortly afterwards, the press and type were carried into the street and destroyed. Phelps was summoned to be tried for treason with Joseph Smith at Carthage.
During the Mormon Succession Crisis in 1844, Phelps sided with
Brigham Youngand the Quorum of the TwelveApostles. He was again excommunicated on December 9, 1848for entering into an unauthorized polygamous marriage, but was rebaptized two days later. He took part in the Mormon Exodusacross the Great Plainsand settled in Salt Lake City in 1849. He served a mission in southern Utah(as counselor to Parley P. Pratt) from November, 1849 to February, 1850. There he served in the Utahterritorial legislature and on the board of regents for the University of Deseret(now the University of Utah). Phelps died on March 7, 1872in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Today, William W. Phelps is probably best-known for his legacy of LDS hymns, many of which appear in the current edition of the LDS Hymnal.
* Awake! O Ye People, the savior is Coming
* Come, All Ye Saints of Zion
* Come, All Ye Saints Who Dwell on Earth
* Come, Let Us Sing an Evening Hymn
* Gently Raise the Sacred Strain
* Glorious Things Are Sung of Zion
If You Could Hie to Kolob
* Now Let Us Rejoice
* Now We'll Sing with One Accord
* O God, the Eternal Father
Praise to the Man
The Spirit of God Like a Fire Is Burning
* Vade Mecum
* We're Not Ashamed to Own Our Lord
Phelps also reworded popular hymns turning them into uniquely Latter Day Saint hymns.
* Joy to the World! the Lord will Come
* Redeemer of Israel
Lavina Fielding Anderson, "Lucy's Book", Salt Lake City, UT: Signature Books, 2001, p. 851.
* Stephen C. LeSueur, "The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri,"
University of Missouri Press, 1990, pp. 20, 40, 51, 175-77, 259.
1831 polygamy revelation
1843 polygamy revelation
* [http://www.sacred-texts.com/mor/dc/dc55.htm Revelation through Joseph Smith to William W. Phelps]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mormon — is a term used to describe the adherents, practitioners, followers or constituents of Mormonism. The term most often refers to a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (LDS Church), which is commonly called the Mormon Church .… … Wikipedia
Mormon (word) — For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). Book of Mormon as printed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (2009) The term Mormon most commonly denotes an adherent, practitioner, follower, or constituent of Mormonism, which is the… … Wikipedia
William Phelps — may refer to:*Bill Phelps (b. 1934), Lieutenant Governor of Missouri *William Lyon Phelps (1865 ndash;1943), American author and critic *W. W. Phelps (Mormon) (1792 ndash;1872), early convert and leader in the Latter Day Saint movement *William… … Wikipedia
1838 Mormon War — Mormon War Date August 6 – November 1, 1838 Location Northwest Missouri, United States Result Mormons stripped of property and expelled from Missouri … Wikipedia
Black people in Mormon doctrine — From 1849 to 1978, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints (LDS Church) had a policy against ordaining black men to the priesthood, and forbidding black men and women from taking part in ceremonies in Mormon temples. Associated with this… … Wikipedia
Criticism of Mormon sacred texts — The Latter Day Saints believe that the Book of Mormon, the Pearl of Great Price and the Doctrine and Covenants are sacred texts with the same divine authority as the Bible. Contents 1 Book of Mormon 1.1 Origin 1.1.1 Existence of golden plates … Wikipedia
Daniel Spencer (Mormon) — Daniel Spencer (July 20, 1794 – December 8, 1868) was the last mayor of Nauvoo, Illinois prior to the revocation of its first charter. Spencer was born in West Stockbridge, Massachusetts. In 1840, he joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter … Wikipedia
Life of Joseph Smith, Jr. from 1827 to 1830 — The life of Joseph Smith, Jr. from 1827 to 1830 includes some of his life s most significant events, and some of the most important history of the Latter Day Saint movement , the Restorationist religious movement he initiated during this period.… … Wikipedia
Chronology of Mormonism — This article is part of a series on Joseph Smith … Wikipedia
Golden plates — In Latter Day Saint theology, the golden plates (also called the gold plates or in some 19th century literature, the golden Bible ) [Use of the terms golden bible and gold Bible by both believers and non believers dates from the late 1820s. See,… … Wikipedia