- Glorioso Islands
native_name = "Îles Glorieuses"
conventional_long_name = Glorioso Islands
common_name = Archipel des Glorieuses
symbol_type = Coat of arms
national_motto = "
Liberté, égalité, fraternité" (English: "Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood")
map_caption = Location of the
Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean:
• 1 :
Bassas da India• 2 : Europa Island• 3 : Glorioso Islands• 4 : Juan de Nova Island• 5 : Tromelin Island(KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte)
archipelagoconsists of two islands, Grande Glorieuse and Île du Lys, as well as eight rock islets ("Roches Vertes"): Wreck Rock, South Rock and Verte Rocks (three) and three others that are unnamed. They form part of a coral reefand lagoon. Grande Glorieuses is roughly circular and measures about 3 km across. It is thickly vegetated, mainly by the remains of a coconut plantation and casuarinatrees.
Île du Lys, about five miles northeast of Grande Glorieuses, is about 600 metres long and consists of
sand dunesand scrub with some mangroves. It was formerly quarried for phosphate( guano).
The Glorieuses were named and settled in 1880 by a
Frenchman, Hippolyte Caltaux, who established a coconutand maizeplantation on Grande Glorieuse. The archipelago became a French possession in 1892. From 1914 to 1958 concessions to exploit the islands were given to Seychellescompanies.
The islands are today
nature reserveswith a meteorological stationgarrisoned by French troops (The French Foreign Legion). They are claimed by Madagascar(because of their strategic importance), the Seychelles(considering the islands part of the Seychelles Archipelago) and the Comoros(considering the islands part of the Comoros Archipelago).
The climate is tropical and the terrain is low and flat, varying from sea level to 12 m. Île de Lys in particular is a nesting ground for migratory
seabirds, and turtleslay eggs on the beaches.
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